extreme vs utmost what difference

what is difference between extreme and utmost

English

Alternative forms

  • extream, extreame (obsolete)
  • xtreme (informal, nonstandard)

Etymology

Borrowed into late Middle English from Old French extreme, from Latin extrēmus, the superlative of exter.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɹiːm/, /ɛkˈstɹiːm/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɹim/
  • Rhymes: -iːm

Adjective

extreme (comparative extremer or more extreme, superlative extremest or most extreme)

  1. Of a place, the most remote, farthest or outermost.
  2. In the greatest or highest degree; intense.
  3. Excessive, or far beyond the norm.
  4. Drastic, or of great severity.
  5. Of sports, difficult or dangerous; performed in a hazardous environment.
  6. (archaic) Ultimate, final or last.
    the extreme hour of life

Synonyms

  • (place): farthest, furthest, most distant, outermost, remotest
  • (in greatest or highest degree): greatest, highest
  • (excessive): excessive, too much
  • (drastic): drastic, severe
  • (sports): dangerous
  • (ultimate): final, last, ultimate

Antonyms

  • (place): closest, nearest
  • (in greatest or highest degree): least
  • (excessive): moderate, reasonable
  • (drastic): moderate, reasonable

Derived terms

  • extremeness

Translations

Noun

extreme (plural extremes)

  1. The greatest or utmost point, degree or condition.
  2. Each of the things at opposite ends of a range or scale.
  3. A drastic expedient.
  4. (mathematics) Either of the two numbers at the ends of a proportion, as 1 and 6 in 1:2=3:6.

Translations

Adverb

extreme (comparative more extreme, superlative most extreme)

  1. (archaic) Extremely.
    • 1796 Charles Burney, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Metastasio 2.5:
      In the empty and extreme cold theatre.

Usage notes

  • Formerly used to modify adjectives and sometimes adverbs, but rarely verbs.

Derived terms

  • extremism
  • extremist
  • extremity
  • extremely
  • extreme ironing
  • extreme unction

Related terms

  • extremum

See also

  • mean

References

  • John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “extreme”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.

Dutch

Pronunciation

Adjective

extreme

  1. Inflected form of extreem

German

Pronunciation

Adjective

extreme

  1. inflection of extrem:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Ido

Adverb

extreme

  1. extremely

Latin

Noun

extrēme

  1. vocative singular of extrēmus

References

  • extreme in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • extreme in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Middle French

Adjective

extreme m or f (plural extremes)

  1. extreme

Spanish

Verb

extreme

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of extremar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of extremar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of extremar.

Swedish

Adjective

extreme

  1. absolute definite natural masculine singular of extrem.


English

Etymology

From Middle English utmest, utemest [and other forms], from Old English ūtmest, ūtemest [and other forms], from ūt, ūte (out; outdoors, outside) + -mest (suffix meaning ‘furthest’, used to form superlatives of some adjectives) (and conflated with most). Ūt is derived from Proto-Germanic *ūt (out, outward), from Proto-Indo-European *úd (out, outward).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈʌtmə(ʊ̯)st/
  • (General American) enPR: ŭt’mōst, IPA(key): /ˈʌtmoʊ̯st/, [ˈʌʔ-], [ˈət-]
  • Hyphenation: ut‧most

Adjective

utmost (not comparable)

  1. Situated at the most distant limit; farthest, outermost.
    Synonyms: outmost, uttermost, yondermost
  2. The most extreme; greatest, ultimate.

Derived terms

  • utmostly

Related terms

  • outermost
  • outmost
  • uttermost

Translations

Noun

utmost (countable and uncountable, plural utmosts)

  1. The greatest possible capability, extent, or quantity; maximum.
    Synonym: yondermost

Translations

References


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