extremum vs peak what difference

what is difference between extremum and peak

English

Etymology

From Latin extremus

Noun

extremum (plural extrema or extremums)

  1. (mathematics) a point, or value, which is a maximum or a minimum

Hyponyms

  • maximum
  • minimum

Translations


Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ekˈstreː.mum/, [ɛkˈs̠(t̪)ɾeːmʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈstre.mum/, [ɛkˈst̪rɛːmum]

Adjective

extrēmum

  1. nominative neuter singular of extrēmus
  2. accusative masculine singular of extrēmus
  3. accusative neuter singular of extrēmus
  4. vocative neuter singular of extrēmus

Noun

extrēmum

  1. accusative singular of extrēmus

References

  • extremum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • extremum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: pēk, IPA(key): /piːk/
  • Rhymes: -iːk
  • Homophones: peek, peke, pique

Etymology 1

From earlier peake, peek, peke, from Middle English *peke, *pek (attested in peked, variant of piked), itself an alteration of pike, pyke, pyk (a sharp point, pike), from Old English pīc, piic (a pike, needle, pin, peak, pinnacle), from Proto-Germanic *pīkaz (peak). Cognate with Dutch piek (pike, point, summit, peak), Danish pik (pike, peak), Swedish pik (pike, lance, point, peak), Norwegian pik (peak, summit). More at pike.

Noun

peak (plural peaks)

  1. A point; the sharp end or top of anything that terminates in a point; as, the peak, or front, of a cap.
    • 2002, Joy of Cooking: All About Cookies →ISBN, page 29:
      A less risky method is to lift your whisk or beater to check the condition of the peaks of the egg whites; the foam should be just stiff enough to stand up in well-defined, unwavering peaks.
  2. The highest value reached by some quantity in a time period.
    Synonyms: apex, pinnacle; see also Thesaurus:apex
    • 2012 October 23, David Leonhardt, “[1],” New York Times (retrieved 24 October 2012):
      By last year, family income was 8 percent lower than it had been 11 years earlier, at its peak in 2000, according to inflation-adjusted numbers from the Census Bureau.
  3. (geography) The top, or one of the tops, of a hill, mountain, or range, ending in a point.
    Synonyms: summit, top
  4. (geography) The whole hill or mountain, especially when isolated.
    • 1898, Arnold Henry Savage Landor, In the Forbidden Land Chapter 62
      To the South we observed a large plain some ten miles wide, with snowy peaks rising on the farther side. In front was a hill projecting into the plain, on which stood a mani wall; and this latter discovery made me feel quite confident that I was on the high road to Lhassa.
  5. (nautical) The upper aftermost corner of a fore-and-aft sail.
  6. (nautical) The narrow part of a vessel’s bow, or the hold within it.
  7. (nautical) The extremity of an anchor fluke; the bill.
  8. (mathematics) A local maximum of a function, e.g. for sine waves, each point at which the value of y is at its maximum.
Derived terms
Translations

Descendants

  • Polish: pik

Verb

peak (third-person singular simple present peaks, present participle peaking, simple past and past participle peaked)

  1. To reach a highest degree or maximum.
    Historians argue about when the Roman Empire began to peak and ultimately decay.
  2. To rise or extend into a peak or point; to form, or appear as, a peak.
    • 1600, Philemon Holland, The Romane Historie
      There peaketh up a mightie high mounte.
  3. (nautical, transitive) To raise the point of (a gaff) closer to perpendicular.
Synonyms
  • culminate
Translations

Adjective

peak (comparative more peak, superlative most peak)

  1. maximal, maximally quintessential or representative; constituting the culmination of
  2. (MLE) Bad
  3. (MLE) Unlucky; unfortunate
Synonyms
  • (bad): See Thesaurus:bad
  • (unlucky): See also Thesaurus:unlucky

Etymology 2

Unknown.

Verb

peak (third-person singular simple present peaks, present participle peaking, simple past and past participle peaked)

  1. (intransitive) To become sick or wan.
  2. (intransitive) To acquire sharpness of figure or features; hence, to look thin or sickly.
  3. (intransitive) To pry; to peep slyly.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Related terms
  • peaky

Etymology 3

Noun

peak (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of peag (wampum)

Etymology 4

Verb

peak

  1. Misspelling of pique.

Anagrams

  • Paek, kaep, kape

Basque

Noun

peak

  1. absolutive plural of pe
  2. ergative singular of pe

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial