face vs front what difference

what is difference between face and front

English

Etymology

From Middle English face, from Old French face, from Vulgar Latin *facia, from Latin faciēs (form, appearance).

Displaced native Middle English onlete (face, countenance, appearance), anleth (face), from Old English anwlite, andwlita, compare German Antlitz; Old English ansīen (face), Middle English neb (face, nose) (from Old English nebb), Middle English ler, leor, leer (face, cheek, countenance) (from Old English hlēor), and non-native Middle English vis (face, appearance, look) (from Old French vis) and Middle English chere (face) from Old French chere.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: fās, IPA(key): /feɪs/
  • Hyphenation: face
  • Rhymes: -eɪs

Noun

face (plural faces)

  1. (anatomy) The front part of the head of a human or other animal, featuring the eyes, nose and mouth, and the surrounding area.
  2. One’s facial expression.
  3. (in expressions such as ‘make a face’) A distorted facial expression; an expression of displeasure, insult, etc.
  4. The public image; outward appearance.
  5. The frontal aspect of something.
  6. An aspect of the character or nature of someone or something.
  7. (figuratively) Presence; sight; front.
    • The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
  8. The directed force of something.
  9. Good reputation; standing in the eyes of others; dignity; prestige. (See lose face, save face).
  10. Shameless confidence; boldness; effrontery.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, Preface to The Works
      This is the man that has the face to charge others with false citations.
  11. Any surface, especially a front or outer one.
  12. (geometry) Any of the flat bounding surfaces of a polyhedron. More generally, any of the bounding pieces of a polytope of any dimension.
  13. The numbered dial of a clock or watch, the clock face.
  14. (slang) The mouth.
  15. (slang) Makeup; one’s complete facial cosmetic application.
  16. (metonymically) A person.
  17. (informal) A familiar or well-known person; a member of a particular scene, such as music or fashion scene.
  18. (professional wrestling, slang) A headlining wrestler with a persona embodying heroic or virtuous traits and who is regarded as a “good guy”, especially one who is handsome and well-conditioned; a baby face.
  19. (cricket) The front surface of a bat.
  20. (golf) The part of a golf club that hits the ball.
  21. (card games) The side of the card that shows its value (as opposed to the back side, which looks the same on all cards of the deck).
  22. (heraldry) The head of a lion, shown face-on and cut off immediately behind the ears.
  23. The width of a pulley, or the length of a cog from end to end.
  24. (typography) A typeface.
  25. Mode of regard, whether favourable or unfavourable; favour or anger.
  26. (informal) The amount expressed on a bill, note, bond, etc., without any interest or discount; face value.

Synonyms

  • (part of head): countenance, visage, phiz (obsolete), phizog (obsolete), see also Thesaurus:countenance
  • (facial expression): countenance, expression, facial expression, look, visage, see also Thesaurus:facial expression
  • (the front or outer surface): foreside
  • (public image): image, public image, reputation
  • (of a polyhedron): facet (different specialised meaning in mathematical use), surface (not in mathematical use)
  • (slang: mouth): cakehole, gob, mush, piehole, trap, see also Thesaurus:mouth
  • (slang: wrestling): good guy, hero

Antonyms

  • (baby face): heel

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Danish: fjæs
  • Norwegian: fjes
  • Swedish: fjäs

Translations

See face/translations § Noun.

Verb

face (third-person singular simple present faces, present participle facing, simple past and past participle faced)

  1. (transitive, of a person or animal) To position oneself or itself so as to have one’s face closest to (something).
  2. (transitive, of an object) To have its front closest to, or in the direction of (something else).
  3. (transitive) To cause (something) to turn or present a face or front, as in a particular direction.
    • 1963, Ian Fleming, On Her Majesty’s Secret Service
      The croupier delicately faced her other two cards with the tip of his spatula. A four! She had lost!
  4. (transitive) To be presented or confronted with; to have in prospect.
  5. (transitive) To deal with (a difficult situation or person); to accept (facts, reality, etc.) even when undesirable.
    • I’ll face / This tempest, and deserve the name of king.
  6. (intransitive) To have the front in a certain direction.
  7. (transitive) To have as an opponent.
  8. (intransitive, cricket) To be the batsman on strike.
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To confront impudently; to bully.
  10. (transitive) To cover in front, for ornament, protection, etc.; to put a facing upon.
  11. (transitive) To line near the edge, especially with a different material.
  12. To cover with better, or better appearing, material than the mass consists of, for purpose of deception, as the surface of a box of tea, a barrel of sugar, etc.
  13. (engineering) To make the surface of (anything) flat or smooth; to dress the face of (a stone, a casting, etc.); especially, in turning, to shape or smooth the flat surface of, as distinguished from the cylindrical surface.
  14. (transitive, retail) To arrange the products in (a store) so that they are tidy and attractive.

Synonyms

  • (position oneself/itself towards):
  • (have its front closest to):
  • (deal with): confront, deal with

Derived terms

  • in-your-face

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • Face on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Face (geometry) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Face (hieroglyph) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Face (mining) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Face (sociological concept) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Further reading

  • MathWorld article on geometrical faces
  • Faces in programming
  • JavaServer Faces
  • face on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons

References

  • face on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • CAFE, cafe, café

Afar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʌˈħe/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧ce

Verb

facé

  1. (transitive) boil

Conjugation

References

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[4], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 280

French

Etymology

From Middle French and Old French face, from Vulgar Latin *facia, from Latin faciēs (face, shape).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fas/
  • Homophones: faces, fasce, fasse, fassent, fasses
  • Rhymes: -as

Noun

face f (plural faces)

  1. (anatomy) face
  2. surface, side
  3. (geometry) face
  4. head (of a coin)

Derived terms

See also

  • aspect
  • figure
  • surface
  • tête
  • visage

Further reading

  • “face” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • café

Friulian

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *facia, from Latin faciēs (face, shape).

Noun

face f (plural facis)

  1. face

Interlingua

Verb

face

  1. present of facer
  2. imperative of facer

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfa.t͡ʃe/
  • Rhymes: -atʃe
  • Hyphenation: fà‧ce

Etymology 1

Learned borrowing from Latin facem, accusative of fax (torch, firebrand).

Noun

face f (plural faci)

  1. (poetic) torch
    Synonyms: fiaccola, torcia
  2. (poetic, transferred sense) light
    Synonyms: luce, lume, splendore
Related terms
  • faceto

References

  • face in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

face

  1. Archaic form of fa, third-person singular present indicative of fare

Latin

Noun

face

  1. ablative singular of fax

Verb

face

  1. second-person singular present imperative active of faciō

Middle English

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Old French face, from Vulgar Latin *facia, from Classical Latin faciēs.

Noun

face (plural faces)

  1. (anatomy) face
    • 14th C., Chaucer, General Prologue
      Boold was hir face, and fair, and reed of hewe.

      Bold was her face, and fair, and red of hue.
Synonyms
  • visage
Descendants
  • English: face (see there for further descendants)
    • Northumbrian: fyess
  • Scots: face
  • Yola: faace
References
  • “fāce, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

From Old English fæs.

Noun

face

  1. Alternative form of fass

Old French

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *facia, from Latin faciēs (face, shape).

Noun

face f (oblique plural faces, nominative singular face, nominative plural faces)

  1. (anatomy) face
    • c. 1170, Chrétien de Troyes, Érec et Énide:
      Le chief li desarme et la face.

      He exposed his head and his face.

Synonyms

  • vis (more common)
  • visage
  • volt

Descendants

  • Middle French: face
    • French: face
  • Norman: fache, fach
  • Middle English: face
    • English: face (see there for further descendants)
      • Northumbrian: fyess
    • Scots: face
    • Yola: faace

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese façe, faz, from Latin faciēs.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈfa.sɨ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈfa.si/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧ce

Noun

face f (plural faces)

  1. (anatomy, geometry) face
    Synonyms: cara, rosto
  2. (anatomy) the cheek
    Synonym: bochecha

References

  • “façe” in Dicionario de dicionarios do galego medieval.

Romanian

Etymology

From Latin facere, present active infinitive of faciō, from Proto-Italic *fakiō, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set). The verb’s original past participle was fapt, from factum, but was changed and replaced several centuries ago. An alternative third-person simple perfect, fece, from fecit, was also found in some dialects.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈfat͡ʃe]

Verb

a face (third-person singular present face, past participle făcut3rd conj.

  1. (transitive) do, make
  2. (reflexive) to be made, to be done

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • afacere
  • facere
  • făcător

Related terms

  • desface
  • fapt

See also

  • înfăptui
  • face dragoste

References

  • face in DEX online – Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈfaθe/, [ˈfa.θe]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈfase/, [ˈfa.se]

Verb

face

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of facer.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of facer.


English

Etymology

From Middle English front, frunt, frount, from Old French front, frunt, from Latin frons, frontem (forehead).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɹʌnt/
  • Rhymes: -ʌnt

Noun

front (countable and uncountable, plural fronts)

  1. The foremost side of something or the end that faces the direction it normally moves.
  2. The side of a building with the main entrance.
  3. A field of activity.
  4. A person or institution acting as the public face of some other, covert group.
  5. (meteorology) The interface or transition zone between two airmasses of different density, often resulting in precipitation. Since the temperature distribution is the most important regulator of atmospheric density, a front almost invariably separates airmasses of different temperature.
  6. (military) An area where armies are engaged in conflict, especially the line of contact.
  7. (military) The lateral space occupied by an element measured from the extremity of one flank to the extremity of the other flank.
  8. (military) The direction of the enemy.
  9. (military) When a combat situation does not exist or is not assumed, the direction toward which the command is faced.
  10. (historical) A major military subdivision of the Soviet Army.
  11. (dated) Cheek; boldness; impudence.
  12. (informal) An act, show, façade, persona: an intentional and false impression of oneself.
  13. (historical) That which covers the foremost part of the head: a front piece of false hair worn by women.
    • 1856, Elizabeth Browning, Aurora Leigh
      like any plain Miss Smith’s, who wears a front
  14. The most conspicuous part.
  15. (obsolete) The beginning.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 102
      summer’s front
  16. (Britain) A seafront or coastal promenade.
  17. (obsolete) The forehead or brow, the part of the face above the eyes; sometimes, also, the whole face.
    • c. 1700, Matthew Prior, Seeing the Duke of Ormond’s Picture at Sir Godfrey Kneller’s
      His front yet threatens, and his frowns command.
  18. (slang, hotels, dated) The bellhop whose turn it is to answer a client’s call, which is often the word “front” used as an exclamation.
  19. (slang, in the plural) A grill (jewellery worn on front teeth).

Synonyms

  • fore

Antonyms

  • back
  • rear

Hyponyms

  • (The foremost side of something or the end that faces the direction it normally moves): (nautical) bow (of a ship)

Derived terms

Related terms

  • affront
  • effrontery

Descendants

  • Tok Pisin: fran
  • Japanese: フロント (furonto)
  • Korean: 프런트 (peureonteu)

Translations

Adjective

front (comparative further front, superlative furthest front)

  1. Located at or near the front.
    The front runner was thirty meters ahead of her nearest competitor.
    • 2001, Fritz Stern, Einstein’s German World
      You also were in the furthest front line in order to help and learn and to study the conditions for using the gas process [Gasver-fahren] of every kind.
  2. (comparable, phonetics) Pronounced with the highest part of the body of the tongue toward the front of the mouth, near the hard palate (most often describing a vowel).

Synonyms

  • (located near the front): first, lead, fore

Antonyms

  • (located near the front): back, last, rear
  • (phonetics): back

Translations

Verb

front (third-person singular simple present fronts, present participle fronting, simple past and past participle fronted)

  1. (intransitive, dated) To face (on, to); to be pointed in a given direction.
    • The great gate fronting to the north was about four feet high, and almost two feet wide, through which I could easily creep.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin, 2011, p.35:
      The door fronted on a narrow run, like a footbridge over a gully, that filled the gap between the house wall and the edge of the bank.
    • 1999, George RR Martin, A Clash of Kings, Bantam, 2011, p.312:
      They emerged atop the broad curving steps that fronted on the Street of the Sisters, near the foot of Visenya’s Hill.
    • 2010, Ingrid D Rowland, “The Siege of Rome”, New York Review of Books, Blog, 26 March:
      The palazzo has always fronted on a bus stop—but this putative man of the people has kindly put an end to that public service.
  2. (transitive) To face, be opposite to.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, Penguin, 1985, p.66:
      After saluting her, he led her to a couch that fronted us, where they both sat down, and the young Genoese helped her to a glass of wine, with some Naples biscuit on a salver.
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice:
      [] down they ran into the dining-room, which fronted the lane, in quest of this wonder; it was two ladies stopping in a low phaeton at the garden gate.
    • 1913, DH Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, Penguin, 2006, p.49:
      She sat on a seat under the alders in the cricket ground, and fronted the evening.
  3. (transitive) To face up to, to meet head-on, to confront.
    • 1594, Christopher Marlowe, Edward II, London: William Jones,[1]
      Know you not Gaueston hath store of golde,
      Which may in Ireland purchase him such friends,
      As he will front the mightiest of vs all,
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, King Henry IV, Part 2:
      What well-appointed leader fronts us here?
  4. (transitive) To adorn the front of; to put on the front.
    • 2001, Terry Goodkind, The Pillars of Creation, page 148:
      Three tiers of balconies fronted with roped columns supporting arched openings looked down on the marble hall.
  5. (phonetics, transitive, intransitive) To pronounce with the tongue in a front position.
    • 2005, Paul Skandera / Peter Burleigh, A Manual of English Phonetics and Phonology, page 48:
      The velar plosives are often fronted through the influence of a following front vowel, and retracted through the influence of a following back vowel.
  6. (linguistics, transitive) To move (a word or clause) to the start of a sentence (or series of adjectives, etc).
    • 2001, Arthur J. Holmer, Jan-Olof Svantesson, Åke Viberg, Proceedings of the 18th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics
      [] in the clause, only the adjective may be fronted; but if both a past participle and a verbal particle are present, either may be fronted. Topicalization, in which maximal projections are fronted to express pragmatics such as contrast, emphasis, …
    • 2010, George Melville Bolling, Bernard Bloch, Language
      A problem facing any syntactic analysis of hyperbaton is that nonconstituent strings are fronted [] In cases where the adjective is fronted with the determiner, the determiner is not doubled []
  7. (intransitive, slang) To act as a front (for); to cover (for).
    • 2007, Harold Robbins, A Stone for Danny Fisher, page 183:
      Everybody knew Skopas fronted for the fight mob even though he was officially the arena manager.
  8. (transitive) To lead or be the spokesperson of (a campaign, organisation etc.).
    • 2009 September 1, Mark Sweney, The Guardian:
      Ray Winstone is fronting a campaign for the Football Association that aims to stop pushy parents shouting abuse at their children during the grassroots football season.
  9. (transitive, colloquial) To provide money or financial assistance in advance to.
    • 2004, Danielle Steele, Ransom, p.104:
      I’m prepared to say that I fronted you the money for a business deal with me, and the investment paid off brilliantly.
  10. (intransitive, slang) To assume false or disingenuous appearances.
    Synonyms: put on airs, feign
    • 2008, Briscoe/Akinyemi, ‘Womanizer’:
      Boy don’t try to front, / I-I know just-just what you are, are-are.
    • 2008 Markus Naerheim, The City, p.531
      You know damned straight what this is about, or you ain’t as smart as you been frontin’.
  11. (transitive) To deceive or attempt to deceive someone with false or disingenuous appearances (on).
  12. (transitive) To appear before.

Translations

See also

  • front vowel

Catalan

Etymology

From Old Occitan front, from Latin frontem, accusative singular of frōns, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰron-t-, from *bʰren- (project).

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈfɾont/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈfɾon/

Noun

front m (plural fronts)

  1. front
  2. forehead

Derived terms

  • fer front

Related terms

  • afrontar
  • fronter

Further reading

  • “front” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “front” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “front” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “front” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈfront]

Noun

front m

  1. front (subdivision of the Soviet army)

Further reading

  • front in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • front in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Etymology

From Old French front (noun), fronter (verb), from Latin frons (forehead).

Pronunciation

Noun

front n (plural fronten, diminutive frontje n)

  1. front

Derived terms

  • thuisfront

French

Etymology

From Old French front, from Latin frontem, accusative singular of frōns, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰron-t-, from *bʰren- (project).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʁɔ̃/
  • Homophones: ferons, feront

Noun

front m (plural fronts)

  1. forehead
  2. (military) front, frontline

Derived terms

Related terms

  • frontal

Descendants

  • Bulgarian: фронт (front)
  • Czech: front, fronta
  • German: Front
    • Hungarian: front
    • Russian: фронт (front)
      • Bashkir: фронт (front)
  • Irish: fronta
  • Macedonian: фронт (front)
  • Norwegian: front
  • Polish: front
  • Portuguese: front
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Latin: frȍnt, frònta
    Cyrillic: фро̏нт
  • Swedish: front

See also

  • sinciput

Further reading

  • “front” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin frontem, accusative singular of frōns.

Noun

front m (plural fronts)

  1. (anatomy) forehead

Hungarian

Etymology

Borrowed from German Front, from French fronte, from Latin frons, frontis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈfront]
  • Hyphenation: front
  • Rhymes: -ont

Noun

front (plural frontok)

  1. (military) front (an area where armies are engaged in conflict)
  2. (military) a unit composed of several, normally three, army groups, cf. German Front, [2a]
  3. (meteorology) front (the interface or transition zone between two airmasses of different density)
  4. (architecture) front, face (the side of a building with the main entrance)

Declension

Coordinate terms

  • (military units) őrs/tűzcsoport < raj < szakasz < század < zászlóalj < ezred < dandár < hadosztály < hadtest < hadsereg < hadseregcsoport < front

References


Middle English

Noun

front

  1. Alternative form of frount

Norman

Etymology

From Old French front, from Latin frōns, frontem.

Noun

front m (plural fronts)

  1. (military) front

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

Borrowed from French front.

Noun

front m (definite singular fronten, indefinite plural fronter, definite plural frontene)

  1. front

Synonyms

  • forside, framside, fremside

Derived terms

  • frontkollisjon
  • frontrute
  • kaldfront
  • sjøfront

References

  • “front” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Borrowed from French front.

Noun

front m (definite singular fronten, indefinite plural frontar, definite plural frontane)

  1. front

Synonyms

  • framside

Derived terms

  • frontkollisjon
  • frontrute
  • kaldfront
  • sjøfront

References

  • “front” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Etymology

From Latin frōns, frontem.

Noun

front m (oblique plural fronz or frontz, nominative singular fronz or frontz, nominative plural front)

  1. forehead
  2. (military) front

Descendants

  • French: front (see there for further descendants)
  • Norman: front
  • Dutch: front
  • Middle English: frount, frunt, front, frownt, frunte, fronte, frownte, frounte, ffrount, ffront, frountte
    • English: front
      • Tok Pisin: fran
      • Japanese: フロント (furonto)
      • Korean: 프런트 (peureonteu)
    • Scots: front

Polish

Etymology

From English front, from Middle English front, frunt, frount, from Old French front, frunt, from Latin frons.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /frɔnt/

Noun

front m inan

  1. front (facing side)
    Synonym: przód
  2. (military) front (area or line of conflict)
  3. (architecture) face, front (side of a building with the main entrance)

Declension

Derived terms

  • (nouns) frontowiec, frontownik
  • (adjective) frontowy

Related terms

  • (adverb) frontowo

Further reading

  • front in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • front in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

  • frònta (Croatia)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /frônt/

Noun

frȍnt m (Cyrillic spelling фро̏нт)

  1. (military) front

Declension


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

front c

  1. The front end or side of something.
    Bilen hade fått en ful buckla på fronten.

    “There was an ugly bump on the front of the car.”
  2. front – the area were two armies are fighting each other.
    På västfronten intet nytt (All Quiet on the Western Front, book by Erich Maria Remarque)
  3. front – area were hot and cold air meet
  4. front – one aspect of a larger undertaking which is temporarily seen as a separate undertaking in order to evaluate its progress in relationship to the whole.

Declension

Derived terms

  • västfront
  • östfront
  • kallfront
  • varmfront

Anagrams

  • fornt

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