faint vs syncope what difference

what is difference between faint and syncope

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /feɪnt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪnt
  • Homophone: feint

Etymology 1

From Middle English faynt, feynt (weak; feeble), from Old French faint, feint (feigned; negligent; sluggish), past participle of feindre, faindre (to feign; sham; work negligently), from Latin fingere (to touch, handle, usually form, shape, frame, form in thought, imagine, conceive, contrive, devise, feign).

Adjective

faint (comparative fainter, superlative faintest)

  1. (of a being) Lacking strength; weak; languid; inclined to lose consciousness
  2. Lacking courage, spirit, or energy; cowardly; dejected
    • 1789, Robert Burns, to Dr. Blacklock
      Faint heart ne’er won fair lady.
  3. Barely perceptible; not bright, or loud, or sharp
  4. Performed, done, or acted, weakly; not exhibiting vigor, strength, or energy
  5. Slight; minimal.
    • 2005, Lesley Brown (translator), Plato, Sophist, 243b.
      do you have the faintest understanding of what they mean?
Derived terms
  • damn with faint praise
  • fainten
  • faint-hearted
  • faintish
  • faintling
  • faintly
  • faintness
Translations

Noun

faint (plural faints)

  1. The act of fainting, syncope.
  2. (rare) The state of one who has fainted; a swoon.
Derived terms
  • faintful
  • faintless
  • faintsome
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English fainten, feynten, from the adjective (see above).

Verb

faint (third-person singular simple present faints, present participle fainting, simple past and past participle fainted)

  1. (intransitive) To lose consciousness through a lack of oxygen or nutrients to the brain, usually as a result of suddenly reduced blood flow (may be caused by emotional trauma, loss of blood or various medical conditions).
    • If I send them away fasting [] they will faint by the way.
    • September 22 1713, Richard Steele, The Guardian No. 167
      But upon hearing the Honour which he intended her , she fainted away , and fell down as Dead at his Feet
  2. (intransitive) To lose courage or spirit; to become depressed or despondent.
  3. (intransitive) To decay; to disappear; to vanish.
    • November 12, 1711, Alexander Pope, letter to Henry Cromwell
      Gilded clouds, while we gaze upon them, faint before the eye.
Synonyms
  • (to lose consciousness): pass out, swoon, sweb, black out, keel over
  • queal
Translations

Further reading

  • faint in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • faint in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • faint at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Fanti, fitna

Cimbrian

Etymology

From Middle High German vīnt, vīent, vīant, from Old High German fīant, fīand, from Proto-Germanic *fijandz (enemy, fiend). Cognate with German Feind, English fiend.

Noun

fàint m (plural fainte)

  1. (Sette Comuni) enemy, fiend

References

  • “faint” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Welsh

Alternative forms

  • pa faint (literary)

Etymology

Shortened from pa faint (what amount).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vai̯nt/

Pronoun

faint

  1. how much, how many

Usage notes

Faint means either how many, followed by o and the plural form of a noun with soft mutation, or how much, preceding o and the singular form of a noun, again with soft mutation. Sawl corresponds only to English how many and is followed by the singular form of a noun.



English

Alternative forms

  • syncopé (obsolete)

Etymology

Late Latin syncope, from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ), from συγκόπτω (sunkóptō, cut up) + (, nominalization suffix), from σύν (sún, beside, with) + κόπτω (kóptō, strike, cut off).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪŋ.kə.pi/
  • Hyphenation: syn‧co‧pe

Noun

syncope (countable and uncountable, plural syncopes)

  1. (linguistics, phonology, prosody) The loss or elision of a sound, from the interior of a word, especially of a vowel sound with loss of a syllable. For example, the change of cannot to can’t, never to ne’er, Latin calidus to caldus, or the pronunciation of the -cester ending in placenames as -ster (for example, Leicester pronounced Leister or Lester, and Worcester pronounced Wooster).
    Antonym: epenthesis
  2. (pathology) A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon.
    • 1973 Patrick O’Brian, HMS Surprise
      the rapidly-whitening face, the miserable fixed smile, meant a syncope within the next few bars.
  3. (music) A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation.

Usage notes

Usage in the form syncope, with the phonological meaning “contraction of a word by omission of middle sounds or letters” attested from the 1520’s. Doublets of said syncope with the form syncopis and sincopin, both from the Old French sincopin (faintness) (itself from Late Latin accusative syncopen), with the pathological meaning “a loss of consciousness accompanied by a weak pulse”, attested from the fifteenth century. Said syncopis/sincopin was “relatinized” to the form syncope in English in the sixteenth century, after the linguistic use of that word was already in use. The musical usage first occurs after the 1660’s, following the musical usage of syncopation and syncopate.

Synonyms

  • (swoon): faint, fainting, lipothymia

Hypernyms

  • (prosody): metaplasm

Derived terms

Translations

Further reading

  • syncope in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • syncope in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ).

Noun

syncope f (plural syncopes, diminutive syncopetje n)

  1. (linguistics, phonology, prosody) The loss or elision of a sound from the interior of a word (for example the change of Dutch veder in veer “feather”); syncope
  2. (pathology) A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon; syncope
  3. (music) A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation; syncope

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɛ̃.kɔp/

Noun

syncope f (plural syncopes)

  1. syncope, fainting
  2. (phonetics) syncope
    Antonyms: aphérèse, apocope, procope
  3. (music) syncope

Further reading

  • “syncope” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Portuguese

Noun

syncope f (plural syncopes)

  1. Obsolete spelling of síncope (used in Portugal until September 1911 and in Brazil until the 1940s).

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