faint vs vague what difference

what is difference between faint and vague

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /feɪnt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪnt
  • Homophone: feint

Etymology 1

From Middle English faynt, feynt (weak; feeble), from Old French faint, feint (feigned; negligent; sluggish), past participle of feindre, faindre (to feign; sham; work negligently), from Latin fingere (to touch, handle, usually form, shape, frame, form in thought, imagine, conceive, contrive, devise, feign).

Adjective

faint (comparative fainter, superlative faintest)

  1. (of a being) Lacking strength; weak; languid; inclined to lose consciousness
  2. Lacking courage, spirit, or energy; cowardly; dejected
    • 1789, Robert Burns, to Dr. Blacklock
      Faint heart ne’er won fair lady.
  3. Barely perceptible; not bright, or loud, or sharp
  4. Performed, done, or acted, weakly; not exhibiting vigor, strength, or energy
  5. Slight; minimal.
    • 2005, Lesley Brown (translator), Plato, Sophist, 243b.
      do you have the faintest understanding of what they mean?
Derived terms
  • damn with faint praise
  • fainten
  • faint-hearted
  • faintish
  • faintling
  • faintly
  • faintness
Translations

Noun

faint (plural faints)

  1. The act of fainting, syncope.
  2. (rare) The state of one who has fainted; a swoon.
Derived terms
  • faintful
  • faintless
  • faintsome
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English fainten, feynten, from the adjective (see above).

Verb

faint (third-person singular simple present faints, present participle fainting, simple past and past participle fainted)

  1. (intransitive) To lose consciousness through a lack of oxygen or nutrients to the brain, usually as a result of suddenly reduced blood flow (may be caused by emotional trauma, loss of blood or various medical conditions).
    • If I send them away fasting [] they will faint by the way.
    • September 22 1713, Richard Steele, The Guardian No. 167
      But upon hearing the Honour which he intended her , she fainted away , and fell down as Dead at his Feet
  2. (intransitive) To lose courage or spirit; to become depressed or despondent.
  3. (intransitive) To decay; to disappear; to vanish.
    • November 12, 1711, Alexander Pope, letter to Henry Cromwell
      Gilded clouds, while we gaze upon them, faint before the eye.
Synonyms
  • (to lose consciousness): pass out, swoon, sweb, black out, keel over
  • queal
Translations

Further reading

  • faint in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • faint in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • faint at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Fanti, fitna

Cimbrian

Etymology

From Middle High German vīnt, vīent, vīant, from Old High German fīant, fīand, from Proto-Germanic *fijandz (enemy, fiend). Cognate with German Feind, English fiend.

Noun

fàint m (plural fainte)

  1. (Sette Comuni) enemy, fiend

References

  • “faint” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Welsh

Alternative forms

  • pa faint (literary)

Etymology

Shortened from pa faint (what amount).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vai̯nt/

Pronoun

faint

  1. how much, how many

Usage notes

Faint means either how many, followed by o and the plural form of a noun with soft mutation, or how much, preceding o and the singular form of a noun, again with soft mutation. Sawl corresponds only to English how many and is followed by the singular form of a noun.



English

Etymology

From Middle French vague, from Latin vagus (uncertain, vague, literally wandering, rambling, strolling).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /veɪɡ/
  • IPA(key): (Upper Midwest US) /væɡ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪɡ, -æɡ

Adjective

vague (comparative vaguer, superlative vaguest)

  1. Not clearly expressed; stated in indefinite terms.
    • 2004: Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
      Throughout the first week of his presidency, Dulles and Bissell continued to brief Kennedy on their strategy for Cuba, but the men were vague and their meetings offered little in the way of hard facts.
    Synonyms: inarticulate, unclear; see also Thesaurus:incomprehensible
  2. Not having a precise meaning.
    Synonyms: ambiguous, equivocal
  3. Not clearly defined, grasped, or understood; indistinct; slight.
    Synonyms: ambiguous, equivocal, indistinct, obscure; see also Thesaurus:vague
  4. Not clearly felt or sensed; somewhat subconscious.
  5. Not thinking or expressing one’s thoughts clearly or precisely.
    • 1962, Philip Larkin, “Toads Revisited”
      Waxed-fleshed out-patients / Still vague from accidents, / And characters in long coats / Deep in the litter-baskets []
    Synonym: dazed
  6. Lacking expression; vacant.
    Synonyms: vacant, vacuous
  7. Not sharply outlined; hazy.
    Synonyms: fuzzy, hazy, ill-defined; see also Thesaurus:indistinct
  8. Wandering; vagrant; vagabond.
    • 1630, John Hayward, The Life and Raigne of King Edward VI
      The Lord Gray incourag’d his men to set sharply upon the vague villains
    Synonyms: erratic, roaming, unsettled, vagrant, vagabond

Related terms

Translations

Noun

vague (plural vagues)

  1. (obsolete) A wandering; a vagary.
  2. An indefinite expanse.
    • 1870, James Russell Lowell, The Cathedral
      The gray vague of unsympathizing sea.

Verb

vague (third-person singular simple present vagues, present participle vaguing, simple past and past participle vagued)

  1. (archaic) to wander; to roam; to stray.
    • 1603, Philemon Holland (translator), The Philosophie, commonly called, the Morals
      [The soul] doth vague and wander.
  2. To become vague or act in a vague manner.

Further reading

  • vague in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • vague in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • vague at OneLook Dictionary Search

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin vagus.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /ˈva.ɡə/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈba.ɡə/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈva.ɡe/

Adjective

vague (feminine vaga, masculine and feminine plural vagues)

  1. vague

Derived terms

  • vagament

Further reading

  • “vague” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “vague” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “vague” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “vague” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French

Etymology 1

From Middle French [Term?], from Old French vague (movement on the surface of a liquid, ripple), from Old Norse vágr (sea), from Proto-Germanic *wēgaz (wave, storm), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (to drag, carry). Cognate with Swedish våg (wave), Middle Dutch waeghe, wage (wave), Old High German wāge (wave), Old English wǣg (wave, billow, motion, flood). More at waw, wave.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vaɡ/

Noun

vague f (plural vagues)

  1. wave
    • 2014, Indila, Comme un bateau
Derived terms
  • creux de la vague
  • faire des vagues
  • nouvelle vague
  • vague de chaleur
  • vague de froid
  • vaguelette
  • vaguette

Etymology 2

From Middle French vague, from Latin vagus (uncertain, vague, literally wandering, rambling, strolling). Possibly a doublet of gai.

Adjective

vague (plural vagues)

  1. vague

Noun

vague m (plural vagues)

  1. vagueness
    Synonym: distrait
Derived terms
  • terrain vague
  • vague à l’âme
  • vaguement

Further reading

  • “vague” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Verb

vague

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of vagar

Portuguese

Verb

vague

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of vagar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of vagar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of vagar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of vagar

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaɡe/, [ˈba.ɣ̞e]

Verb

vague

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of vagar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of vagar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of vagar.

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