false vs sham what difference

what is difference between false and sham

English

Etymology

From Middle English false, fals, from Old English fals (false; counterfeit; fraudulent; wrong; mistaken), from Latin falsus (counterfeit, false; falsehood), perfect passive participle of fallō (deceive). Reinforced in Middle English by Anglo-Norman and Old French fals, faus. Compare Scots fals, false, Saterland Frisian falsk, German falsch, Dutch vals, Swedish and Danish falsk; all from Latin falsus. Displaced native Middle English les, lese, from Old English lēas (false); See lease, leasing. Doublet of faux.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, General New Zealand, General Australian) IPA(key): /fɔːls/, /fɒls/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɔls/, /fɑls/

Adjective

false (comparative falser, superlative falsest)

  1. Untrue, not factual, factually incorrect.
  2. Based on factually incorrect premises.
  3. Spurious, artificial.
  4. (logic) Of a state in Boolean logic that indicates a negative result.
  5. Uttering falsehood; dishonest or deceitful.
  6. Not faithful or loyal, as to obligations, allegiance, vows, etc.; untrue; treacherous.
  7. Not well founded; not firm or trustworthy; erroneous.
  8. Not essential or permanent, as parts of a structure which are temporary or supplemental.
  9. Used in the vernacular name of a species (or group of species) together with the name of another species to which it is similar in appearance.
  10. (music) Out of tune.

Synonyms

  • lease
  • See also Thesaurus:false

Antonyms

  • (untrue): real, true

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

false (third-person singular simple present falses, present participle falsing, simple past and past participle falsed)

  1. (electronics, telecommunications, of a decoder) To incorrectly decode noise as if it were a valid signal.

Adverb

false (comparative more false, superlative most false)

  1. In a dishonest and disloyal way; falsely.

Noun

false (plural falses)

  1. One of two options on a true-or-false test.

Anagrams

  • A.S.L.E.F., Leafs, alefs, fasel, feals, fleas, leafs, lefsa

Italian

Adjective

false f pl

  1. feminine plural of falso

Latin

Noun

false

  1. vocative singular of falsus

References

  • false in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • false in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • false in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Spanish

Verb

false

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of falsar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of falsar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of falsar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of falsar.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃæm/
  • Rhymes: -æm

Etymology 1

Probably a dialectal form of shame.

Adjective

sham

  1. Intended to deceive; false.
  2. counterfeit; unreal
    • 1881, Benjamin Jowett, Thucydides
      They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians.
Synonyms
  • mock
  • See also Thesaurus:fake
Antonyms
  • genuine
  • sincere
  • real
Derived terms
  • shammish
Translations

Noun

sham (countable and uncountable, plural shams)

  1. A fake; an imitation that purports to be genuine.
  2. Trickery, hoaxing.
  3. A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
  4. A decorative cover for a pillow.
Derived terms
  • shamateur
Translations
See also
  • pillow sham

Verb

sham (third-person singular simple present shams, present participle shamming, simple past and past participle shammed)

  1. To deceive, cheat, lie.
  2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
  3. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.
Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

sham (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Champagne.
    • 1840, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Paris Sketchbook
      So I orders a bottle, as if for myself; and, ‘Ma’am,’ says I, ‘will you take a glass of Sham — just one?’

Further reading

  • sham in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • sham in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • sham at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • AMHS, HMAS, HSAM, Hams, MASH, MHAs, MSHA, Mahs, Mash, SAHM, Sahm, hams, mash

Karakalpak

Etymology

From Arabic شمع

Noun

sham

  1. candle

Uzbek

Etymology

From Arabic شمع

Noun

sham (plural shamlar)

  1. candle

Declension


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