falsehood vs untruth what difference

what is difference between falsehood and untruth

English

Etymology

From Middle English falshede, from false + -hede.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfɒlsˌhʊd/

Noun

falsehood (countable and uncountable, plural falsehoods)

  1. (uncountable) The property of being false.
  2. (countable) A false statement, especially an intentional one; a lie.
    Don’t tell falsehoods.
  3. (archaic, rare) Mendacity, deceitfulness; the trait of a person who is mendacious and deceitful.
    • 1984, Witness Lee, Life-Study: Revelation: Volume Three: Messages 34-50, Living Stream Ministry (1999), →ISBN, page 511:
      The false prophet looks like a lamb, but speaks like a dragon. This indicates his falsehood. [] He will pretend to be the same as Christ.

Usage notes

  • Falsehood, Falseness, Falsity; untruth, fabrication, fiction. Instances may be quoted in abundance from old authors to show that the first three words are often strictly synonymous; but the modern tendency has been decidedly in favor of separating them, falsehood standing for the concrete thing, an intentional lie; falseness, for the quality of being guiltily false or treacherous: as, he is justly despised for his falseness to his oath; and falsity, for the quality of being false without blame: as, the falsity of reasoning. — The Century Dictionary, 1911.

Quotations

  • Syn. Falsehood, Falseness, Falsity; untruth, fabrication, fiction. Instances may be quoted in abundance from old authors to show that the first three words are often strictly synonymous; but the modern tendency has been decidedly in favor of separating them, falsehood standing for the concrete thing, an intentional lie; falseness, for the quality of being guiltily false or treacherous: as, he is justly despised for his falseness to his oath; and falsity, for the quality of being false without blame: as, the falsity of reasoning. — the Century Dictionary, 1911.
  • Micah 2:11 (KJV):
    If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, saying, I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong drink; he shall even be the prophet of this people.
  • 1909, John Potts, Secret Lodge System:
    The lodge upheld, sustained and honored this man in his double life, his deceit, his falsehood, his hypocrisy.

Synonyms

  • (property of being false): falsity
  • (intentionally false statement): lie
  • (deceitfulness): falseness, mendacity
  • See also Thesaurus:falsehood

Antonyms

  • (false statement): truth, verity

Translations



English

Etymology

un- +‎ truth

Pronunciation

  • enPR: ŭn-trōōth′, IPA(key): /ʌnˈtɹuːθ/
  • Rhymes: -uːθ

Noun

untruth (countable and uncountable, plural untruths)

  1. A lie or falsehood.
  2. The condition of being false; truthlessness.

Synonyms

  • see Thesaurus:falsehood

Translations


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