famish vs starve what difference

what is difference between famish and starve

English

Etymology

From Middle English famisshe, from famen (starve), from Old French afamer. Compare affamish, famine. Cognate with Spanish hambre (hunger).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfamɪʃ/

Verb

famish (third-person singular simple present famishes, present participle famishing, simple past and past participle famished)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To starve (to death); to kill or destroy with hunger.
  2. (transitive) To exhaust the strength or endurance of, by hunger; to cause to be very hungry.
  3. (transitive) To kill, or to cause great suffering to, by depriving or denying anything necessary.
  4. (transitive) To force, control, or constrain by famine.
    • 1790, Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
      He had [] famished Paris into a surrender.
  5. (intransitive) To die of hunger; to starve to death.
  6. (intransitive) To suffer extreme hunger or thirst, so as to be exhausted in strength, or to nearly perish.
  7. (intransitive) To suffer extremity from deprivation of anything essential or necessary.

Derived terms

  • famisher
  • famishment

Translations

References

  • famish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


English

Etymology

From Middle English sterven, from Old English steorfan (to die), from Proto-Germanic *sterbaną (to become stiff, die), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terp- (to lose strength, become numb, be motionless); or from Proto-Indo-European *sterbʰ- (to become stiff), from *ster- (stiff); or a conflation of the aforementioned. Cognate with Scots sterve (to die, perish), Saterland Frisian stjerwa (to die), West Frisian stjerre (to die), Dutch sterven (to die), German Low German starven (to die), German sterben (to die), Icelandic stirfinn (peevish, froward), Albanian shterp (sterile, unproductive, barren land).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /stɑːv/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /stɑɹv/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)v

Verb

starve (third-person singular simple present starves, present participle starving, simple past starved, past participle starved or (obsolete) starven)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To die; in later use especially to die slowly, waste away.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.i.4:
      noble Britomart / Released her, that else was like to starve, / Through cruell knife that her deare heart did kerue.
  2. (intransitive) To die because of lack of food or of not eating.
  3. (intransitive) To be very hungry.
    Hey, ma, I’m starving! What’s for dinner?
  4. (transitive) To destroy, make capitulate or at least make suffer by deprivation, notably of food.
  5. (transitive) To deprive of nourishment or of some vital component.
    The uncaring parents starved the child of love.
    The patient’s brain was starved of oxygen.
  6. (intransitive) To deteriorate for want of any essential thing.
  7. (transitive, Britain, especially Yorkshire and Lancashire) To kill with cold; to (cause to) die from cold.
    I was half starved waiting out in that wind.
    • 1869 February, John Hartley, The original illuminated clock almanack:
      Wheniver he wor starved, he used to get th’ seck o’ coils ov his back, an’ walk raand th’ haase till he gat warm agean.
    • 1886, John Heywood, A Queer Supper, 8:
      One i’ th’ morning an’ me starv’d to th’ death wi’ waitin’ up.
    • 1898, J. Arthur Gibbs, A Cotswold Village, 164:
      ‘Tis these dreadful frostis that spiles everything, / ‘Tis enough to sterve anybody.

Derived terms

  • starvation
  • starveling
  • starving

Translations

Anagrams

  • averts, ravest, tarves, traves, vaster, versta

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial