fast vs quick what difference

what is difference between fast and quick

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General Australian, General New Zealand, General South African) enPR: fäst, IPA(key): /fɑːst/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːst
  • (General American, Northern England) enPR: făst, IPA(key): /fæst/
  • Rhymes: -æst

Etymology 1

From Middle English fast, from Old English fæst (fast, fixed, firm, secure; constant, steadfast; stiff, heavy, dense; obstinate, bound, costive; enclosed, closed, watertight; strong, fortified), from Proto-Germanic *fastaz, *fastijaz, *fastuz (fast, firm, secure); see it for cognates and further etymology.

The development of “rapid” from an original sense of “secure” apparently happened first in the adverb and then transferred to the adjective; compare hard in expressions like “to run hard”. The original sense of “secure, firm” is now slightly archaic, but retained in the related fasten (make secure).

Adjective

fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)

  1. (dated) Firmly or securely fixed in place; stable. [from 9th c.]
    Synonyms: firm, immobile, secure, stable, stuck, tight
    Antonym: loose
    Hyponyms: bedfast, chairfast, colorfast, fail-fast, lightfast, shamefast, soothfast, steadfast
  2. Firm against attack; fortified by nature or art; impregnable; strong.
    • out-lawes [] lurking in woods and fast places
    Synonyms: fortified, impenetrable
    Antonyms: penetrable, weak
  3. (of people) Steadfast, with unwavering feeling. (Now mostly in set phrases like fast friend(s).) [from 10th c.]
    • 1933, Will Hudson, Irving Mills and Eddy DeLange, “Moonglow”
      I still hear you sayin’, “Dear one, hold me fast
  4. Moving with great speed, or capable of doing so; swift, rapid. [from 14th c.]
    Synonyms: quick, rapid, speedy
    1. (nuclear physics, of a neutron) Having a kinetic energy between 1 million and 20 million electron volts; often used to describe the energy state of free neutrons at the moment of their release by a nuclear fission or nuclear fusion reaction (i.e., before the neutrons have been slowed down by anything).
  5. Of a place, characterised by business, hustle and bustle, etc.
  6. Causing unusual rapidity of play or action.
  7. (computing, of a piece of hardware) Able to transfer data in a short period of time.
  8. Deep or sound (of sleep); fast asleep (of people). [16th-19th c.]
    • c. 1606, William Shakespeare, Macbeth, Act V, scene 1:
      Since his majesty went into the field, I have seen her rise from her bed, throw her nightgown upon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it, write upon’t, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed; yet all this while in a most fast sleep.
    Synonyms: deep, sound
    Antonym: light
  9. (of dyes or colours) Not running or fading when subjected to detrimental conditions such as wetness or intense light; permanent. [from 17th c.]
    Synonym: colour-fast
  10. (obsolete) Tenacious; retentive.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Gardens
      Roses, damask and red, are fast flowers of their smells.
  11. (dated) Having an extravagant lifestyle or immoral habits. [from 18th c.]
    • 1852, John Swaby, Physiology of the Opera (page 74)
      [] we remember once hearing a fast man suggest that they were evidently “nobs who had overdrawn the badger by driving fast cattle, and going it high” — the exact signification of which words we did not understand []
    • 1979, Doug Fieger, “Good Girls Don’t”:
      You’re alone with her at last / And you’re waiting ’til you think the time is right / Cause you’ve heard she’s pretty fast / And you’re hoping that she’ll give you some tonight.
  12. Ahead of the correct time or schedule. [from 19th c.]
    Synonyms: ahead, (as in “the clock is gaining x minutes per hour/day”) gain
    Antonyms: behind, slow
  13. (of photographic film) More sensitive to light than average. [from 20th c.]
Usage notes

In the context of nuclear reactors or weaponry, fission-spectrum neutrons (neutrons with the spectrum of energies produced by nuclear fission) are frequently referred to as fast neutrons, even though the majority of fission-spectrum neutrons have energies below the 1-million-electron-volt cutoff.

Synonyms
  • (occurring or happening within a short time): quick, rapid, speedy, swift
  • (capable of moving with great speed): see also Thesaurus:speedy
  • (rapidly consents to sexual activity): easy, slutty; see also Thesaurus:promiscuous
  • (firmly or securely fixed in place): see also Thesaurus:tight
Antonyms
  • (occurring or happening within a short time): slow
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Adverb

fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)

  1. In a firm or secure manner, securely; in such a way as not to be moved; safe, sound [from 10th c.].
    • c. 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II, scene 5[2]:
      Shylock:
      [] Do as I bid you; shut doors after you:
      Fast bind, fast find;
      A proverb never stale in thrifty mind.
    Synonyms: firmly, securely, tightly
    Antonym: loosely
  2. (of sleeping) Deeply or soundly [from 13th c.].
    Synonym: deeply
    Antonym: lightly
  3. Immediately following in place or time; close, very near [from 13th c.].
  4. Quickly, with great speed; within a short time [from 13th c.].
    Synonyms: quickly, rapidly, speedily, swiftly
    Antonym: slowly
  5. Ahead of the correct time or schedule.
    Synonym: ahead
    Antonym: behind
Translations

Noun

fast (plural fasts)

  1. (Britain, rail transport) A train that calls at only some stations it passes between its origin and destination, typically just the principal stations
    Synonyms: express, express train, fast train
    Antonyms: local, slow train, stopper
Translations

Interjection

fast

  1. (archery) Short for “stand fast”, a warning not to pass between the arrow and the target
    Antonym: loose
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English fasten, from Old English fæstan (verb), from Proto-Germanic *fastijaną, derived from *fastuz, and thereby related to Etymology 1. Cognate with Dutch vasten, German fasten, Old Norse fasta, Gothic ???????????????????????? (fastan), Russian пост (post). The noun is probably from Old Norse fasta.

Verb

fast (third-person singular simple present fasts, present participle fasting, simple past and past participle fasted)

  1. (intransitive) To restrict one’s personal consumption, generally of food, but sometimes other things, in various manners (totally, temporally, by avoiding particular items), often for religious or medical reasons.
    Muslims fast during Ramadan and Catholics during Lent.
    • Thou didst fast and weep for the child.
Translations

Noun

fast (plural fasts)

  1. The act or practice of abstaining from food or of eating very little food.
    Synonym: fasting
  2. The period of time during which one abstains from or eats very little food.

Hyponyms

  • dharna (India)
Derived terms
Translations

References

  • fast in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • fast at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • AT&SF, ATFs, ATSF, FTAs, SAFT, TAFs, afts, fats, tafs

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin fāstus (pride, arrogance).

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈfast/

Noun

fast m (plural fasts or fastos)

  1. pomp
  2. luxury

Related terms

  • fastuós

Further reading

  • “fast” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fast/, [fasd̥]

Adjective

fast

  1. firm
  2. solid
  3. tight
  4. fixed
  5. permanent
  6. regular
Inflection
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From German fast (almost, nearly).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fast/, [fasd̥]

Adverb

fast

  1. (dated) almost, nearly
    Synonyms: næsten, omtrent

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /faːst/, [fæːˀsd̥]

Verb

fast

  1. imperative of faste

German

Etymology 1

From Old High German fasto, compare fest. Cognate with English adverb fast. Compare Dutch vast

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fast/
  • Homophone: fasst

Adverb

fast

  1. almost; nearly
    Synonyms: beinahe, knapp, nahezu
    Antonym: ganz
  2. (in a negative clause) hardly
    Synonym: kaum

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /faːst/

Verb

fast

  1. inflection of fasen:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person plural present indicative/imperative

Further reading

  • “fast” in Duden online
  • “fast” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Friedrich Kluge (1883), “fast”, in John Francis Davis, transl., Etymological Dictionary of the German Language, published 1891

Middle English

Etymology

From Old English fæst.

Adverb

fast

  1. fast (quickly)

Descendants

  • English: fast

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Adjective

fast (neuter singular fast, definite singular and plural faste)

  1. solid, steady, firm, fixed, permanent
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

fast

  1. imperative of faste

References

  • “fast” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology. Akin to English fast.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɑst/

Adjective

fast (indefinite singular fast, definite singular and plural faste, comparative fastare, indefinite superlative fastast, definite superlative fastaste)

  1. solid, steady, firm, fixed, permanent, stuck

Derived terms

References

  • “fast” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *fastī, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Adjective

fast

  1. solid, firm

Declension



Romanian

Etymology

From French faste.

Noun

fast n (uncountable)

  1. splendour, pomp

Declension


Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish faster, from Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation

Adjective

fast

  1. caught (unable to move freely), captured
  2. firm, fastened, unmoving
  3. solid (as opposed to liquid)
  4. although (short form of fastän)

Declension

Related terms

Adverb

fast

  1. fixed, firmly, steadily (synonymous to the adjective)
  2. almost, nearly

Conjunction

fast

  1. although, even though

Related terms

Anagrams

  • fats, saft, staf


English

Alternative forms

  • kwik (eye dialect)

Etymology

From Middle English quik, quic, from Old English cwic (alive), from Proto-West Germanic *kwik(k)w, from Proto-Germanic *kwikwaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive), from *gʷeyh₃- (to live), *gʷeyh₃w- (to live).

Cognate with Dutch kwik, kwiek, German keck, Swedish kvick; and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek βίος (bíos, life), Latin vivus, Lithuanian gývas (alive), Latvian dzīvs (alive), Russian живо́й (živój), Welsh byw (alive), Irish beo (alive), biathaigh (feed), Northern Kurdish jîn (to live), jiyan (life), giyan (soul), can (soul), Sanskrit जीव (jīva, living), Albanian nxit (to urge, stimulate). Doublet of jiva.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kwɪk/, [kʷw̥ɪk]
  • Rhymes: -ɪk

Adjective

quick (comparative quicker, superlative quickest)

  1. Moving with speed, rapidity or swiftness, or capable of doing so; rapid; fast.
  2. Occurring in a short time; happening or done rapidly.
  3. Lively, fast-thinking, witty, intelligent.
  4. Mentally agile, alert, perceptive.
  5. Of temper: easily aroused to anger; quick-tempered.
    • 1549, Hugh Latimer, The Sixth Sermon Preached Before King Edward, April 6 1549
      The bishop was somewhat quick with them, and signified that he was much offended.
  6. (archaic) Alive, living.
    • 1633, George Herbert, The Temple
      Man is no star, but a quick coal / Of mortal fire.
    • 1874, James Thomson, The City of Dreadful Night, X
      The inmost oratory of my soul,
      Wherein thou ever dwellest quick or dead,
      Is black with grief eternal for thy sake.
  7. (now rare, archaic) Pregnant, especially at the stage where the foetus’s movements can be felt; figuratively, alive with some emotion or feeling.
    • Section 316, Penal Code (Cap. 224, 2008 Ed.) (Singapore)
      Whoever does any act under such circumstances that if he thereby caused death he would be guilty of culpable homicide, and does by such act cause the death of a quick unborn child, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years, and shall also be liable to fine.
    • 2012, Jerry White, London in the Eighteenth Century, Bodley Head 2017, p. 385:
      When sentenced she sought to avoid hanging by declaring herself with child – ironically, given her favourite deception – but a ‘jury of Matrons’ found her not quick.
  8. Of water: flowing.
  9. Burning, flammable, fiery.
  10. Fresh; bracing; sharp; keen.
  11. (mining, of a vein of ore) productive; not “dead” or barren

Synonyms

  • (moving with speed): fast, speedy, rapid, swift; see also Thesaurus:speedy
  • (occurring in a short time): brief, momentary, short-lived; see also Thesaurus:ephemeral
  • (fast-thinking): bright, droll, keen; see also Thesaurus:witty or Thesaurus:intelligent
  • (easily aroused to anger): hotheaded, rattish, short-tempered, snippish, snippy
  • (alive, living): extant, live, vital; see also Thesaurus:alive
  • (pregnant): expecting, gravid, with child; see also Thesaurus:pregnant
  • (flowing): fluent, fluminous; see also Thesaurus:flowing

Antonyms

  • (moving with speed): slow
  • (alive): dead

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Adverb

quick (comparative quicker, superlative quickest)

  1. Quickly, in a quick manner.

Derived terms

  • right quick

Translations

Noun

quick (plural quicks)

  1. Raw or sensitive flesh, especially that underneath finger and toe nails.
  2. Plants used in making a quickset hedge
    • 1641, John Evelyn, diary entry September 1641
      The works [] are curiously hedged with quick.
  3. The life; the mortal point; a vital part; a part susceptible to serious injury or keen feeling.
    • 1550, Hugh Latimer, Sermon Preached at Stamford, 9 October 1550
      This test nippeth, [] this toucheth the quick.
    • How feebly and unlike themselves they reason when they come to the quick of the difference!
  4. Quitchgrass.
  5. (cricket) A fast bowler.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

quick (third-person singular simple present quicks, present participle quicking, simple past and past participle quicked)

  1. (transitive) To amalgamate surfaces prior to gilding or silvering by dipping them into a solution of mercury in nitric acid.
  2. (transitive, archaic, poetic) To quicken.
    • 1917′, Thomas Hardy, At the Word ‘Farewell
      I rose as if quicked by a spur I was bound to obey.

References

  • quick in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • quick in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • quick at OneLook Dictionary Search

French

Etymology

From English.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kwik/
  • Rhymes: -ik

Noun

quick m (plural quicks)

  1. quick waltz

See also

  • slow

German

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle Low German quick, from Old Saxon quik, from Proto-West Germanic *kwik(k)w, from Proto-Germanic *kwikwaz; also a Central Franconian form. Doublet of keck, which see for more.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kvɪk/, [kʋɪk]

Adjective

quick (comparative quicker, superlative am quicksten)

  1. (rather rare, dated) lively

Usage notes

  • Much more common than the simplex is the pleonastic compound quicklebendig.

Declension

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading

  • “quick” in Duden online
  • “quick” in Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm, 16 vols., Leipzig 1854–1961.

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