fault vs flaw what difference

what is difference between fault and flaw

English

Etymology

From Middle English faute, faulte, from Anglo-Norman faute, Old French faute, from Vulgar Latin *fallita (shortcoming), feminine of *fallitus, in place of Latin falsus, perfect passive participle of fallō (deceive). Displaced native Middle English schuld, schuild (fault) (from Old English scyld (fault)), Middle English lac (fault, lack) (from Middle Dutch lak (lack, fault)), Middle English last (fault, vice) (from Old Norse lǫstr (fault, vice, crime)). Compare French faute (fault, foul), Portuguese falta (lack, shortage) and Spanish falta (lack, absence). More at fail, false.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɔːlt/, /fɒlt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /fɔlt/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /fɑlt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːlt

Noun

fault (plural faults)

  1. A defect; something that detracts from perfection.
  2. A mistake or error.
  3. A weakness of character; a failing.
  4. A minor offense.
  5. Blame; the responsibility for a mistake.
  6. (seismology) A fracture in a rock formation causing a discontinuity.
  7. (mining) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities in the seam.
  8. (tennis) An illegal serve.
  9. (electrical) An abnormal connection in a circuit.
  10. (obsolete) want; lack
  11. (hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:defect

Hyponyms

(seismology):

  • normal fault
  • reverse fault
  • strike-slip fault
  • thrust fault
  • transform fault

Derived terms

Related terms

  • default

Translations

Verb

fault (third-person singular simple present faults, present participle faulting, simple past and past participle faulted)

  1. (transitive) To criticize, blame or find fault with something or someone.
    • a. 1723, unknown author, The Devonshire Nymph
      For that, says he, I ne’er will fault thee / But for humbleness exalt thee.
  2. (intransitive, geology) To fracture.
  3. (intransitive) To commit a mistake or error.
  4. (intransitive, computing) To undergo a page fault.
    • 2002, Æleen Frisch, Essential system administration
      When a page is read in, a few pages surrounding the faulted page are typically loaded as well in the same I/O operation in an effort to head off future page faults.

Translations

References


French

Verb

fault

  1. Obsolete spelling of faut (third-person singular present indicative of falloir)

German

Verb

fault

  1. inflection of faulen:
    1. second-person plural present
    2. third-person singular present
    3. plural imperative


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English flawe, flay (a flake of fire or snow, spark, splinter), probably from Old Norse flaga (a flag or slab of stone, flake), from Proto-Germanic *flagō (a layer of soil), from Proto-Indo-European *plāk- (broad, flat). Cognate with Icelandic flaga (flake), Swedish flaga (flake, scale), Danish flage (flake), Middle Low German vlage (a layer of soil), Old English flōh (a frament, piece).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈflɔː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈflɔ/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /ˈflɑ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː
  • Homophone: floor (in non-rhotic accents with the horse–hoarse merger)

Noun

flaw (plural flaws)

  1. (obsolete) A flake, fragment, or shiver.
  2. (obsolete) A thin cake, as of ice.
  3. A crack or breach, a gap or fissure; a defect of continuity or cohesion.
  4. A defect, fault, or imperfection, especially one that is hidden.
    • Has not this also its flaws and its dark side?
    1. (in particular) An inclusion, stain, or other defect of a diamond or other gemstone.
    2. (law) A defect or error in a contract or other document which may make the document invalid or ineffective.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:defect
Derived terms
  • flawful
  • flawless
  • flawsome
  • tragic flaw
Translations

Verb

flaw (third-person singular simple present flaws, present participle flawing, simple past and past participle flawed)

  1. (transitive) To add a flaw to, to make imperfect or defective.
  2. (intransitive) To become imperfect or defective; to crack or break.
Translations

Etymology 2

Probably Middle Dutch vlāghe or Middle Low German vlāge. Or, of North Germanic origin, from Swedish flaga (gust of wind), from Old Norse flaga; all from Proto-Germanic *flagōn-. See modern Dutch vlaag (gust of wind).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈflɔː/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː

Noun

flaw (plural flaws)

  1. A sudden burst or gust of wind of short duration; windflaw.
    • ?, Alfred Tennyson, The Marriage of Geraint
      Like flaws in summer laying lusty corn.
  2. A storm of short duration.
  3. A sudden burst of noise and disorder
    Synonyms: tumult, uproar, quarrel
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • AFLW, WAFL

Sranan Tongo

Verb

flaw

  1. To faint.

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