fault vs shift what difference

what is difference between fault and shift

English

Etymology

From Middle English faute, faulte, from Anglo-Norman faute, Old French faute, from Vulgar Latin *fallita (shortcoming), feminine of *fallitus, in place of Latin falsus, perfect passive participle of fallō (deceive). Displaced native Middle English schuld, schuild (fault) (from Old English scyld (fault)), Middle English lac (fault, lack) (from Middle Dutch lak (lack, fault)), Middle English last (fault, vice) (from Old Norse lǫstr (fault, vice, crime)). Compare French faute (fault, foul), Portuguese falta (lack, shortage) and Spanish falta (lack, absence). More at fail, false.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɔːlt/, /fɒlt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /fɔlt/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /fɑlt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːlt

Noun

fault (plural faults)

  1. A defect; something that detracts from perfection.
  2. A mistake or error.
  3. A weakness of character; a failing.
  4. A minor offense.
  5. Blame; the responsibility for a mistake.
  6. (seismology) A fracture in a rock formation causing a discontinuity.
  7. (mining) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities in the seam.
  8. (tennis) An illegal serve.
  9. (electrical) An abnormal connection in a circuit.
  10. (obsolete) want; lack
  11. (hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:defect

Hyponyms

(seismology):

  • normal fault
  • reverse fault
  • strike-slip fault
  • thrust fault
  • transform fault

Derived terms

Related terms

  • default

Translations

Verb

fault (third-person singular simple present faults, present participle faulting, simple past and past participle faulted)

  1. (transitive) To criticize, blame or find fault with something or someone.
    • a. 1723, unknown author, The Devonshire Nymph
      For that, says he, I ne’er will fault thee / But for humbleness exalt thee.
  2. (intransitive, geology) To fracture.
  3. (intransitive) To commit a mistake or error.
  4. (intransitive, computing) To undergo a page fault.
    • 2002, Æleen Frisch, Essential system administration
      When a page is read in, a few pages surrounding the faulted page are typically loaded as well in the same I/O operation in an effort to head off future page faults.

Translations

References


French

Verb

fault

  1. Obsolete spelling of faut (third-person singular present indicative of falloir)

German

Verb

fault

  1. inflection of faulen:
    1. second-person plural present
    2. third-person singular present
    3. plural imperative


English

Etymology

From Middle English schiften, from Old English sċiftan (to divide, separate into shares; appoint, ordain; arrange, organise), from Proto-Germanic *skiftijaną, *skiptijaną, from earlier *skipatjaną (to organise, put in order), from Proto-Indo-European *skeyb- (to separate, divide, part), from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (to cut, divide, separate, part). Cognate with Scots schift, skift (to shift), West Frisian skifte, skiftsje (to sort), Dutch schiften (to sort, screen, winnow, part), German schichten (to stack, layer), Swedish skifta (to shift, change, exchange, vary), Norwegian skifte (to shift), Icelandic skipta (to switch). See ship.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American, Canada) enPR: shĭft, IPA(key): /ʃɪft/
  • Rhymes: -ɪft

Noun

shift (countable and uncountable, plural shifts)

  1. (historical) A type of women’s undergarment, a slip.
    Just last week she bought a new shift at the market.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 47
      Some wear black shifts and flesh-coloured stockings; some with curly hair, dyed yellow, are dressed like little girls in short muslin frocks.
  2. A change of workers, now specifically a set group of workers or period of working time.
    We’ll work three shifts a day till the job’s done.
  3. An act of shifting; a slight movement or change.
    There was a shift in the political atmosphere.
    • c. 1620-1626, Henry Wotton, letter to Nicholas Pey
      My going to Oxford was not merely for shift of air.
  4. (US) The gear mechanism in a motor vehicle.
    Does it come with a stick-shift?
  5. Alternative spelling of Shift (a modifier button of computer keyboards).
    If you press shift-P, the preview display will change.
  6. (computing) A bit shift.
  7. (baseball) The infield shift.
    Teams often use the shift against this lefty.
  8. (Ireland, crude slang, often with the definite article, usually uncountable) The act of kissing passionately.
  9. (archaic) A contrivance, a device to try when other methods fail.
    • 1596, Shakespeare, History of King John
      If I get down, and do not break my limbs,
      I’ll find a thousand shifts to get away:
      As good to die and go, as die and stay.
  10. (archaic) A trick, an artifice.
    • 1593, Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew
      And if the boy have not a woman’s gift
      To rain a shower of commanded tears,
      An onion will do well for such a shift
    • Little souls on little shifts rely.
  11. (construction) The extent, or arrangement, of the overlapping of plank, brick, stones, etc., that are placed in courses so as to break joints.
  12. (mining) A breaking off and dislocation of a seam; a fault.
  13. (genetics) A mutation in which the DNA or RNA from two different sources (such as viruses or bacteria) combine.
  14. (music) In violin-playing, any position of the left hand except that nearest the nut.

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

shift (third-person singular simple present shifts, present participle shifting, simple past and past participle shifted)

  1. (transitive, sometimes figuratively) To move from one place to another; to redistribute.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To change in form or character; swap.
    • 2008, June Granatir Alexander, Ethnic Pride, American Patriotism (page ix)
      As a result, I shifted my approach to focus on group-generated activities and broadened the chronological time frame.
  3. (intransitive) To change position.
  4. (intransitive, India) To change residence; to leave and live elsewhere.
    Synonym: move
  5. (obsolete, transitive) To change (clothes, especially underwear).
    • , II.ii.2:
      ‘Tis very good to wash his hands and face often, to shift his clothes, to have fair linen about him, to be decently and comely attired […].
  6. (obsolete, transitive, reflexive) To change (someone’s) clothes; sometimes specifically, to change underwear.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2, Act V, Scene 5,[3]
      As it were, to ride day and night; and [] not to have patience to shift me.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, I.21:
      The first thing he did was to secure a convenient lodging at the inn where he dined; then he shifted himself, and according to the direction he had received, went to the house of Mrs. Gauntlet [] .
  7. (intransitive) To change gears (in a car).
  8. (typewriters) To move the keys of a typewriter over in order to type capital letters and special characters.
  9. (computer keyboards) To switch to a character entry mode for capital letters and special characters.
  10. (transitive, computing) To manipulate a binary number by moving all of its digits left or right; compare rotate.
  11. (transitive, computing) To remove the first value from an array.
  12. (transitive) To dispose of.
  13. (intransitive) To hurry; to move quickly.
  14. (Ireland, vulgar, slang) To engage in sexual petting.
  15. (archaic) To resort to expedients for accomplishing a purpose; to contrive; to manage.
    • 1692, Roger L’Estrange, Fables of Æsop and Other Eminent Mythologists with Morals and Reflexions, London: R. Sare et al., Fable 83, Reflexion, p. 81,[4]
      [] men in distress will look to themselves in the First Place, and leave their Companions to Shift as well as they can.
    • 1743, Robert Drury, The Pleasant, and Surprizing Adventures of Mr. Robert Drury, during his Fifteen Years Captivity on the Island of Madagascar, London, p. 112,[5]
      My Fellow-Slaves were [] as courteous to me as I could well-expect; and as they had Plantations of their own, they gave me [] such Victuals as they had; especially on dark Nights, and at such Times as I could not shift for myself.
  16. To practice indirect or evasive methods.
    • 1614, Walter Raleigh, History of the World, London: Walter Burre, Part 1, Chapter 3, Section 7, p. 45,[6]
      But this I dare auow of all those Schoole-men, that though they were exceeding wittie, yet they better teach all their Followers to shift, then to resolue, by their distinctions.
  17. (music) In violin-playing, to move the left hand from its original position next to the nut.

Synonyms

  • (to change, swap): interchange, swap; See also Thesaurus:switch
  • (to move from one place to another): relocate, transfer; See also Thesaurus:move
  • (to change position): reposition
  • (to dispose of): get rid of, remove; See also Thesaurus:junk
  • (to hurry): hasten, rush; See also Thesaurus:rush
  • (to engage in sexual petting): fondle, grope; see also Thesaurus:fondle

Antonyms

  • (computing): unshift

Derived terms

  • ever-shifting, evershifting
  • preshift
  • unshift

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

From English shift.

Noun

shift m (plural shifts, diminutive shiftje n)

  1. shift (people working in turn)
    Synonym: ploeg
  2. shift (button on a keyboard)
  3. shift (the act of shifting)
    Synonym: verschuiving

Related terms

  • schiften, geschift
  • taxshift

French

Etymology

From English shift.

Noun

shift m (plural shifts)

  1. shift (people working in turn)

Portuguese

Noun

shift m (plural shifts)

  1. shift (button on a keyboard)

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