felicitous vs happy what difference

what is difference between felicitous and happy

English

Etymology

From felicity +‎ -ous.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /fəˈlɪsɪtəs/
  • Hyphenation: fe‧li‧cit‧ous

Adjective

felicitous (comparative more felicitous, superlative most felicitous)

  1. Characterized by felicity.
    Antonyms: infelicitous, unfelicitous
    1. Appropriate, apt, fitting.
      Synonyms: opportune, (dialectal or obsolete) wealful
    2. Auspicious, fortunate, lucky.
    3. Causing happiness or pleasure.
  2. (linguistics) Of a sentence or utterance: semantically and pragmatically coherent; fitting in the context.
    Antonym: infelicitous

Derived terms

Related terms

  • felicity

Translations

References



English

Etymology

From Middle English happy (fortunate, happy), perhaps an alteration of Middle English happyn, happen (fortunate, happy), from Old Norse heppinn (fortunate, happy); assimilated to be equivalent to hap (chance, luck, fortune) +‎ -y. Compare also Icelandic heppinn (lucky), Scots happin (fortunate, blessed). See further at hap.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhæpi/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhæpi/
  • Rhymes: -æpi
  • Hyphenation: hap‧py

Adjective

happy (comparative happier or more happy, superlative happiest or most happy)

  1. Having a feeling arising from a consciousness of well-being or of enjoyment; enjoying good of any kind, such as comfort, peace, or tranquillity; blissful, contented, joyous.
    • 1731, Thomas Bayes, Divine Benevolence: or, An Attempt to Prove that the Principal End of the Divine Providence and Government is the Happiness of His Creatures: Being an Answer to a Pamphlet, Entitled, Divine Rectitude; or, An Inquiry Concerning the Moral Perfections of the Deity. With a Refutation of the Notions therein Advanced Concerning Beauty and Order, the Reason of Punishment, and the Necessity of a State of Trial antecedent to Perfect Happiness, London: Printed for John Noon, at the White-Hart in Cheapside, near Mercers-Chapel, OCLC 642498368; quoted in Andrew I. Dale, Most Honourable Remembrance: The Life and Work of Thomas Bayes (Studies and Sources in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences), New York, N.Y.: Springer, 2003, ISBN 978-0-387-00499-0, page 138:
      [] For the most happy universe is not one that consists of the greatest possible number of the most happy beings only; but one that consists of that, and the greatest possible number of beings next inferior to the first rank, and so downward, till we come to those that approach the nearest to insensible matter.
  2. Experiencing the effect of favourable fortune; favored by fortune or luck; fortunate, lucky, propitious.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. Content, satisfied (with or to do something); having no objection (to something).
  4. (Of acts, speech, etc.) Appropriate, apt, felicitous.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 58:
      ‘I had the happy notion of adding an egg,’ Williams shouted back. ‘It poaches in the soup. Not unlike an Italian stracciatella. Singularly toothsome…’
  5. (in combination) Favoring or inclined to use.
  6. (rare, of people, often followed by “at” or “in”) Dexterous, ready, skilful.
  7. Implying ‘May you have a happy ~’ or similar; used in phrases to wish someone happiness or good fortune at the time of a festival, celebration, or other event or activity.
    Happy birthday!, Happy Fourth of July!, Happy anniversary!, Happy job-hunting!

Usage notes

  • (contented, joyous): Said of people, hours, times, thoughts, etc.
  • (fortunate, lucky): Said of efforts, expedients, omens, ventures, etc.

Alternative forms

  • happie (obsolete)

Synonyms

  • (contented, joyous): cheerful, content, delighted, elated, exultant, glad, joyful, jubilant, merry, orgasmic
  • (fortunate, lucky): fortunate, lucky, propitious
  • See also Thesaurus:happy

Antonyms

  • (contented, joyous): blue, depressed, down, miserable, moody, morose, sad, unhappy
  • (fortunate, lucky): unfortunate, unlucky, unpropitious
  • (content, satisfied): disenchanted, dissatisfied
  • (appropriate, apt): inappropriate, inapt, unfelicitous

Derived terms

Descendants

  • German: happy
  • Welsh: hapus (calque)
  • Japanese: ハッピー

Translations

Noun

happy (plural happies)

  1. (informal, rare) A happy event, thing, person, etc.

Verb

happy (third-person singular simple present happies, present participle happying, simple past and past participle happied)

  1. (intransitive, informal) Often followed by up: to become happy; to brighten up, to cheer up.
  2. (transitive, informal) Often followed by up: to make happy; to brighten, to cheer, to enliven.

Synonyms

  • (to make happy): happify

Further reading

  • Happy (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

German

Etymology

Borrowed from English happy.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛpi/

Adjective

happy (comparative happyer, superlative am happysten)

  1. (colloquial, chiefly predicative) glad; satisfied; momentarily happy

Usage notes

  • The German word is used as a synonym of froh (glad, momentarily happy) rather than glücklich (happy, both momentarily and generally in life).
  • On the rare occasion that this adjective is used attributively, the positive form happy typically remains undeclined, whereas the comparation forms are declined in the normal fashion.

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