fell vs hide what difference

what is difference between fell and hide

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɛl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Etymology 1

From Middle English fellen, from Old English fellan, fiellan (to cause to fall, strike down, fell, cut down, throw down, defeat, destroy, kill, tumble, cause to stumble), from Proto-Germanic *fallijaną (to fell, to cause to fall), causative of Proto-Germanic *fallaną (to fall), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pōl- (to fall). Cognate with Dutch vellen (to fell, cut down), German fällen (to fell), Norwegian felle (to fell).

Verb

fell (third-person singular simple present fells, present participle felling, simple past and past participle felled)

  1. (transitive) To make something fall; especially to chop down a tree.
  2. (transitive) To strike down, kill, destroy.
    • 2016 January 17, “What Weiner Reveals About Huma Abedin,” Vanity Fair (retrieved 21 January 2016):
      This Sunday marks the debut of Weiner, a documentary that follows former congressman Anthony Weiner in his attempt to overcome a sexting scandal and run for mayor of New York City—only to be felled, somewhat inexplicably, by another sexting scandal.
  3. (sewing) To stitch down a protruding flap of fabric, as a seam allowance, or pleat.
    • 2006, Colette Wolff, The Art of Manipulating Fabric, page 296:
      To fell seam allowances, catch the lining underneath before emerging 1/4″ (6mm) ahead, and 1/8″ (3mm) to 1/4″ (6mm) into the seam allowance.
Translations

Noun

fell (plural fells)

  1. A cutting-down of timber.
  2. The stitching down of a fold of cloth; specifically, the portion of a kilt, from the waist to the seat, where the pleats are stitched down.
  3. (textiles) The end of a web, formed by the last thread of the weft.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English fell, fel, vel, from Old English fel, fell (hide, skin, pelt), from Proto-Germanic *fellą (compare West Frisian fel, Dutch vel, German Fell), from Proto-Indo-European *pél-no- (skin, animal hide) (compare Latin pellis (skin), Lithuanian plėnė (skin), Russian плена́ (plená, pelt), Albanian plah (to cover), Ancient Greek πέλλᾱς (péllās, skin)). Related to film and pell.

Noun

fell (plural fells)

  1. An animal skin, hide, pelt.
    • c. 1599 Shakespeare: As You Like It: Act 3 Sc.3 L. 35
      Why, we are still handling our ewes, and their fells, you know, are greasy.
  2. Human skin (now only as a metaphorical use of previous sense).
    • c. 1390, William Langland, Piers Plowman, I:
      For he is fader of feith · fourmed ȝow alle / Bothe with fel and with face.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Old Norse fell, fjall (rock, mountain), compare Norwegian Bokmål fjell ‘mountain’, from Proto-Germanic *felzą, *fel(e)zaz, *falisaz (compare German Felsen ‘boulder, cliff’, Middle Low German vels ‘hill, mountain’), from Proto-Indo-European *pelso; compare Irish aill (boulder, cliff), Ancient Greek πέλλα (pélla, stone), Pashto پرښه(parṣ̌a, rock, rocky ledge), Sanskrit पाषाण (pāşāņá, stone). Doublet of fjeld.

Noun

fell (plural fells)

  1. (archaic outside Britain) A rocky ridge or chain of mountains.
    • 1937 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit
      The dwarves of yore made mighty spells, / While hammers fell like ringing bells, / In places deep, where dark things sleep, / In hollow halls beneath the fells.
    • 1971 Catherine Cookson, The Dwelling Place
      She didn’t know at first why she stepped off the road and climbed the bank on to the fells; it wasn’t until she found herself skirting a disused quarry that she realised where she was making for, and when she reached the place she stood and gazed at it. It was a hollow within an outcrop of rock, not large enough to call a cave but deep enough to shelter eight people from the rain, and with room to spare.
  2. (archaic outside Britain) A wild field or upland moor.
    • 1612, Michael Drayton, Poly-Olbion song 11 p. 174[5]:
      As over Holt and Heath, as thorough Frith and Fell;
Derived terms
  • Low Fell
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English fel, fell (strong, fierce, terrible, cruel, angry), from Old English *fel, *felo, *fæle (cruel, savage, fierce) (only in compounds, wælfel (bloodthirsty), ealfelo (evil, baleful), ælfæle (very dire), etc.), from Proto-Germanic *faluz (wicked, cruel, terrifying), from Proto-Indo-European *pol- (to pour, flow, swim, fly). Cognate with Old Frisian fal (cruel), Middle Dutch fel (wrathful, cruel, bad, base), German Low German fell (rash, swift), Danish fæl (disgusting, hideous, ghastly, grim), Middle High German vālant (imp). See felon.

Adjective

fell (comparative feller, superlative fellest)

  1. Of a strong and cruel nature; eager and unsparing; grim; fierce; ruthless; savage.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 3, Act II scene vi[6]:
      [] While we devise fell tortures for thy faults.
    • 1663, Hudibras, by Samuel Butler, part 1, canto 2
      And many a serpent of fell kind, / With wings before, and stings behind
  2. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) Strong and fiery; biting; keen; sharp; pungent
  3. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) Very large; huge.
  4. (obsolete) Eager; earnest; intent.
    • I am so fell to my business.

Translations

Adverb

fell (comparative more fell, superlative most fell)

  1. Sharply; fiercely.
Derived terms
  • fellness

Etymology 5

Perhaps from Latin fel (gall, poison, bitterness), or more probably from the adjective above.

Noun

fell (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete, rare) Anger; gall; melancholy.

Etymology 6

Noun

fell

  1. (mining) The finer portions of ore, which go through the meshes when the ore is sorted by sifting.

Etymology 7

Verb

fell

  1. simple past tense of fall
  2. (now colloquial) past participle of fall

Further reading

  • Fell (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Fell in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *spesla, metathesized form of *spelsa, from Proto-Indo-European *pels (rock, boulder), variant of *spel- (to cleave, break). Compare Latin hydronym Pelso, Latin Palatium, Pashto پرښه(parša, rock, rocky ledge), Ancient Greek πέλλα (pélla, stone), German Felsen (boulder, cliff). Mostly dialectal, used in Gheg Albanian.

Adverb

fell

  1. deep, shallow
Derived terms
  • fellë
Related terms
  • fyell

Icelandic

Etymology

Old Norse fjall (mountain)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɛtl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛtl

Noun

fell n (genitive singular fells, nominative plural fell)

  1. isolated hill, isolated mountain

Declension


Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

fell

  1. imperative of felle

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Verb

fell

  1. present of falle

Etymology 2

Verb

fell

  1. imperative of fella

Old English

Alternative forms

  • fel

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *fell, whence also Old High German vel.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fell/, [feɫ]

Noun

fell n

  1. fell
  2. skin

Old Norse

Verb

fell

  1. inflection of falla:
    1. first-person singular present/past active indicative
    2. third-person singular past active indicative


English

Alternative forms

  • hyde (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hīd, IPA(key): /haɪd/
  • Rhymes: -aɪd

Etymology 1

From Middle English hiden, huden, from Old English hȳdan (to hide, conceal, preserve), from Proto-West Germanic *hūdijan (to conceal), from Proto-Germanic *hūdijaną (to conceal), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewdʰ- (to cover, wrap, encase), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewH- (to cover).

The verb was originally weak. In the King James Version of the Bible (1611) both hid and hidden are used for the past participle.

Verb

hide (third-person singular simple present hides, present participle hiding, simple past hid, past participle hidden or (archaic) hid)

  1. (transitive) To put (something) in a place where it will be harder to discover or out of sight.
    Synonyms: conceal, hide away, secrete
    Antonyms: disclose, expose, reveal, show, uncover
    • 1856, Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Part III Chapter XI, translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling
      The blind man, whom he had not been able to cure with the pomade, had gone back to the hill of Bois-Guillaume, where he told the travellers of the vain attempt of the druggist, to such an extent, that Homais when he went to town hid himself behind the curtains of the “Hirondelle” to avoid meeting him.
  2. (intransitive) To put oneself in a place where one will be harder to find or out of sight.
    Synonyms: go undercover, hide away, hide out, lie low, hole up
    Antonyms: reveal, show
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old English hȳd, of Germanic origin, from Proto-West Germanic *hūdi, from Proto-Germanic *hūdiz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kew-t- (skin, hide), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewH- (to cover). More at sky.

Noun

hide (plural hides)

  1. (countable) The skin of an animal.
    Synonyms: pelt, skin
  2. (obsolete or derogatory) The human skin.
  3. (uncountable, informal, usually US) One’s own life or personal safety, especially when in peril.
    • 1957, Ayn Rand, Francisco d’Anconia’s speech in Atlas Shrugged:
      The rotter who simpers that he sees no difference between the power of money and the power of the whip, ought to learn the difference on his own hide—as I think he will.
  4. (countable) (mainly British) A covered structure from which hunters, birdwatchers, etc can observe animals without scaring them.
  5. (countable, architecture) A secret room for hiding oneself or valuables; a hideaway.
  6. (countable) A covered structure to which a pet animal can retreat, as is recommended for snakes.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

hide (third-person singular simple present hides, present participle hiding, simple past and past participle hided)

  1. To beat with a whip made from hide.
    • 1891, Robert Weir, J. Moray Brown, Riding
      He ran last week, and he was hided, and he was out on the day before yesterday, and here he is once more, and he knows he’s got to run and to be hided again.

Etymology 3

From Middle English hide, from Old English hīd, hȳd, hīġed, hīġid (a measure of land), for earlier *hīwid (the amount of land needed to support one family), a derivative of Proto-Germanic *hīwaz, *hīwō (relative, fellow-lodger, family), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- (to lie with, store, be familiar). Related to Old English hīwisc (hide of land, household), Old English hīwan (members of a family, household). More at hewe, hind.

Noun

hide (plural hides)

  1. (historical) A unit of land and tax assessment of varying size, originally as intended to support one household with dependents. [from 9th c.]
    • 2016, Peter H. Wilson, The Holy Roman Empire, Penguin 2017, p. 488:
      The exact size of hides varied with soil quality, but each one generally encompassed 24 to 26 hectares.
    Synonym: carucate
Usage notes

The hide was originally intended to represent the amount of land farmed by a single household but was primarily connected to obligations owed (in England) to the Saxon and Norman kings, and thus varied greatly from place to place. Around the time of the Domesday Book under the Normans, the hide was usually but not always the land expected to produce £1 (1 Tower pound of sterling silver) in income over the year.

Hypernyms
  • (100 hides) barony
Hyponyms
  • (14 hide) See virgate
  • (18 hide) See oxgang
  • (116 hide) nook
  • farundel

Anagrams

  • Heid, Ihde, hied

Albanian

Alternative forms

  • ide

Etymology

From Turkish iğde (oleaster).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhidɛ/

Noun

hide f (indefinite plural hide, definite singular hidja, definite plural hidet)

  1. (botany) jujube (Ziziphus jujuba)

Synonyms

  • xinxife

References


Middle English

Etymology 1

from Old English hīd, hȳd, hīġed, hīġid (a measure of land), from earlier *hīwid (the amount of land needed to support one family), a derivative of Proto-Germanic *hīwaz, *hīwō (relative, fellow-lodger, family), related to *hīwô (household).

Noun

hide (plural hides or hiden or hide)

  1. hide (unit of land)
Alternative forms
  • hyde
Descendants
  • English: hide
  • Scots: hyd, hid

References

  • “hīde, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

From hiden (to hide).

Noun

hide

  1. concealment
  2. hiding spot
Alternative forms
  • hid, hyd, hyde
Descendants
  • English: hide
  • Scots: hide

References

  • “hīd(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 3

Noun

hide (plural hides or hiden)

  1. Alternative form of hyde (skin)

Etymology 4

Noun

hide

  1. Alternative form of hythe (landing place, port)

Etymology 5

Noun

hide (plural hides)

  1. Alternative form of heed (head)

Etymology 6

Verb

hide (third-person singular simple present hideth, present participle hidende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle hidde)

  1. Alternative form of hiden (to hide)

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