field vs orbit what difference

what is difference between field and orbit

English

Etymology

From Middle English feeld, feld, from Old English feld (field; open or cultivated land, plain; battlefield), from Proto-West Germanic *felþu, from Proto-Germanic *felþuz, *felþaz, *felþą (field), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (field, plain) or *pleth₂- (flat) (with schwebeablaut).

Cognate with Scots feld, feild (field), North Frisian fjild (field), West Frisian fjild (field), Dutch veld (field), German Feld (field), Swedish fält (field). Related also to Old English folde (earth, land, territory), Old English folm (palm of the hand). More at fold.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fiːld/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fild/
  • Rhymes: -iːld

Noun

field (plural fields)

  1. A land area free of woodland, cities, and towns; an area of open country.
    1. (usually in the plural) The open country near or belonging to a town or city.
  2. A wide, open space that is used to grow crops or to hold farm animals, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge or other barrier.
  3. (geology) A region containing a particular mineral.
  4. An airfield, airport or air base; especially, one with unpaved runways.
  5. A place where competitive matches are carried out.
    1. A place where a battle is fought; a battlefield.
    2. An area reserved for playing a game or race with one’s physical force.
      1. (baseball, obsolete) The team in a match that throws the ball and tries to catch it when it is hit by the other team (the bat).
      2. (baseball) The outfield.
    3. A place where competitive matches are carried out with figures, or playing area in a board game or a computer game.
    4. A competitive situation, circumstances in which one faces conflicting moves of rivals.
    5. (metonymically) All of the competitors in any outdoor contest or trial, or all except the favourites in the betting.
  6. Any of various figurative meanings, often dead metaphors.
    1. (physics) A physical phenomenon (such as force, potential or fluid velocity) that pervades a region; a mathematical model of such a phenomenon that associates each point and time with a scalar, vector or tensor quantity.
    2. Any of certain structures serving cognition.
      1. The extent of a given perception.
      2. A realm of practical, direct or natural operation, contrasted with an office, classroom, or laboratory.
      3. A domain of study, knowledge or practice.
      4. An unrestricted or favourable opportunity for action, operation, or achievement.
      5. (algebra) A commutative ring satisfying the field axioms.
    3. A physical or virtual location for the input of information in the form of symbols.
      1. (heraldry) The background of the shield.
      2. (vexillology) The background of the flag.
      3. The part of a coin left unoccupied by the main device.
      4. A section of a form which is supposed to be filled with data.
        • PHP 5 Forms Required Fields at W3Schools
          From the validation rules table on the previous page, we see that the “Name”, “E-mail”, and “Gender” fields are required. These fields cannot be empty and must be filled out in the HTML form.
      5. A component of a database in which a single unit of information is stored.
        1. (computing, object-oriented programming) An area of memory or storage reserved for a particular value, subject to virtual access controls.
    4. (electronics, film, animation) Part (usually one half) of a frame in an interlaced signal

Synonyms

  • (course of study or domain of knowledge): area, domain, sphere, realm
  • (area reserved for playing a game): course (for golf), court (for racquet sports), ground, pitch (for soccer, rugby, cricket)
  • (location for the input of information): input field, box

Hypernyms

  • (algebra): Euclidean domain ⊂ principal ideal domain ⊂ unique factorization domain, Noetherian domain ⊂ integral domain ⊂ commutative ring;   simple ring ⊂ local ring

Hyponyms

  • (algebra): ordered field, Pythagorean field, residue field, extension field

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Japanese: フィールド (fīrudo)

Translations

Usage notes

In the mathematical sense, some languages, such as French, use a term that literally means “body”. This denotes a division ring or skew field, not necessarily commutative. If it is clear from context that the quaternions and similar division rings are irrelevant, or that all division rings being considered are finite and therefore fields, this difference is ignored.

Verb

field (third-person singular simple present fields, present participle fielding, simple past and past participle fielded)

  1. (transitive, sports) To intercept or catch (a ball) and play it.
  2. (intransitive, baseball, softball, cricket, and other batting sports) To be the team catching and throwing the ball, as opposed to hitting it.
    The blue team are fielding first, while the reds are batting.
  3. (transitive, sports) To place (a team, its players, etc.) in a game.
    The away team fielded two new players and the second-choice goalkeeper.
  4. (transitive) To answer; to address.
    She will field questions immediately after her presentation.
  5. (transitive) To defeat.
  6. (transitive) To execute research (in the field).
  7. (transitive, military) To deploy in the field.
    to field a new land-mine detector

Synonyms

  • (intercept or catch (a ball) and play it):
  • (place a team in (a game)):
  • (answer, address): address, answer, deal with, respond to

Antonyms

  • (be the team throwing and catching the ball): bat

Translations

See also

  • Field in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Further reading

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “field”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • Fidel, felid, filed, flied

Middle English

Noun

field

  1. Alternative form of feeld


English

Alternative forms

  • (eye socket) orbita

Etymology

From Middle English orbite, orbita, from Latin orbita (course, track, impression, mark).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɔː.bɪt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɔɹ.bɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)bɪt

Noun

orbit (countable and uncountable, plural orbits)

  1. (astronomy) A circular or elliptical path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a star, planet, or moon, especially a periodic elliptical revolution.
    Hyponyms: Clarke orbit, graveyard orbit, Hohmann transfer orbit, last photon orbit, Lissajous orbit, low Earth orbit, lunar orbit, Lyapunov orbit, Molniya orbit, osculating orbit, parking orbit, subsynchronous orbit, synchronous orbit
    1. One complete circuit round an orbited body.
    2. (uncountable) The state of moving in an orbit.
    3. (physics) The path of an electron around an atomic nucleus.
    4. (pinball) A path for the ball on the outer edge of the playfield, usually connected so that the ball entering in one end will come out of the other.
  2. A sphere of influence; an area or extent of activity, interest, or control.
  3. (anatomy) The bony cavity in the skull of a vertebrate containing the eyeball.
    Synonyms: eye socket, cranial orbit
    1. (zoology) The area around the eye of a bird or other animal.
  4. (mathematics) A collection of points related by the evolution function of a dynamical system.
  5. (geometry, group theory) The subset of elements of a set X to which a given element can be moved by members of a specified group of transformations that act on X.
  6. (informal) A state of increased excitement, activity, or anger.

Usage notes

When referring to astronomical orbits, “in orbit” and “on orbit” have somewhat different meanings. In general, a body is said to be “in orbit” if it is in freefall going around another body; while something happens “on orbit” if it occurs aboard an orbiting spacecraft. Thus one might say, “The space capsule is in orbit, and the astronauts inside are performing experiments on orbit.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

orbit (third-person singular simple present orbits, present participle orbiting, simple past and past participle orbited)

  1. (astronomy) To circle or revolve around another object.
    1. To place an object (e.g. a satellite) into an orbit around a planet.
      Synonym: launch
  2. To move around the general vicinity of something.
    Synonyms: circumambulate, tag along
  3. To move in a circle.
  4. (transitive) To center (around).
  5. (transitive, dating) To continue to follow and/or engage with someone via social media after breaking up with them.

Antonyms

  • deorbit

Translations

References

  • “orbit”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  • “orbit”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.

See also

  • satellite

Anagrams

  • Brito-, tribo-

Azerbaijani

Etymology

Ultimately from Latin orbita.

Noun

orbit (definite accusative orbiti, plural orbitlər)

  1. (astronomy) orbit
    Synonym: (archaic) mədar

Declension

Further reading

  • “orbit” in Obastan.com.

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [orˈbit]

Verb

orbit

  1. past participle of orbi

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