field vs study what difference

what is difference between field and study



From Middle English feeld, feld, from Old English feld (field; open or cultivated land, plain; battlefield), from Proto-West Germanic *felþu, from Proto-Germanic *felþuz, *felþaz, *felþą (field), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (field, plain) or *pleth₂- (flat) (with schwebeablaut).

Cognate with Scots feld, feild (field), North Frisian fjild (field), West Frisian fjild (field), Dutch veld (field), German Feld (field), Swedish fält (field). Related also to Old English folde (earth, land, territory), Old English folm (palm of the hand). More at fold.


  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fiːld/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fild/
  • Rhymes: -iːld


field (plural fields)

  1. A land area free of woodland, cities, and towns; an area of open country.
    1. (usually in the plural) The open country near or belonging to a town or city.
  2. A wide, open space that is used to grow crops or to hold farm animals, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge or other barrier.
  3. (geology) A region containing a particular mineral.
  4. An airfield, airport or air base; especially, one with unpaved runways.
  5. A place where competitive matches are carried out.
    1. A place where a battle is fought; a battlefield.
    2. An area reserved for playing a game or race with one’s physical force.
      1. (baseball, obsolete) The team in a match that throws the ball and tries to catch it when it is hit by the other team (the bat).
      2. (baseball) The outfield.
    3. A place where competitive matches are carried out with figures, or playing area in a board game or a computer game.
    4. A competitive situation, circumstances in which one faces conflicting moves of rivals.
    5. (metonymically) All of the competitors in any outdoor contest or trial, or all except the favourites in the betting.
  6. Any of various figurative meanings, often dead metaphors.
    1. (physics) A physical phenomenon (such as force, potential or fluid velocity) that pervades a region; a mathematical model of such a phenomenon that associates each point and time with a scalar, vector or tensor quantity.
    2. Any of certain structures serving cognition.
      1. The extent of a given perception.
      2. A realm of practical, direct or natural operation, contrasted with an office, classroom, or laboratory.
      3. A domain of study, knowledge or practice.
      4. An unrestricted or favourable opportunity for action, operation, or achievement.
      5. (algebra) A commutative ring satisfying the field axioms.
    3. A physical or virtual location for the input of information in the form of symbols.
      1. (heraldry) The background of the shield.
      2. (vexillology) The background of the flag.
      3. The part of a coin left unoccupied by the main device.
      4. A section of a form which is supposed to be filled with data.
        • PHP 5 Forms Required Fields at W3Schools
          From the validation rules table on the previous page, we see that the “Name”, “E-mail”, and “Gender” fields are required. These fields cannot be empty and must be filled out in the HTML form.
      5. A component of a database in which a single unit of information is stored.
        1. (computing, object-oriented programming) An area of memory or storage reserved for a particular value, subject to virtual access controls.
    4. (electronics, film, animation) Part (usually one half) of a frame in an interlaced signal


  • (course of study or domain of knowledge): area, domain, sphere, realm
  • (area reserved for playing a game): course (for golf), court (for racquet sports), ground, pitch (for soccer, rugby, cricket)
  • (location for the input of information): input field, box


  • (algebra): Euclidean domain ⊂ principal ideal domain ⊂ unique factorization domain, Noetherian domain ⊂ integral domain ⊂ commutative ring;   simple ring ⊂ local ring


  • (algebra): ordered field, Pythagorean field, residue field, extension field

Derived terms


  • Japanese: フィールド (fīrudo)


Usage notes

In the mathematical sense, some languages, such as French, use a term that literally means “body”. This denotes a division ring or skew field, not necessarily commutative. If it is clear from context that the quaternions and similar division rings are irrelevant, or that all division rings being considered are finite and therefore fields, this difference is ignored.


field (third-person singular simple present fields, present participle fielding, simple past and past participle fielded)

  1. (transitive, sports) To intercept or catch (a ball) and play it.
  2. (intransitive, baseball, softball, cricket, and other batting sports) To be the team catching and throwing the ball, as opposed to hitting it.
    The blue team are fielding first, while the reds are batting.
  3. (transitive, sports) To place (a team, its players, etc.) in a game.
    The away team fielded two new players and the second-choice goalkeeper.
  4. (transitive) To answer; to address.
    She will field questions immediately after her presentation.
  5. (transitive) To defeat.
  6. (transitive) To execute research (in the field).
  7. (transitive, military) To deploy in the field.
    to field a new land-mine detector


  • (intercept or catch (a ball) and play it):
  • (place a team in (a game)):
  • (answer, address): address, answer, deal with, respond to


  • (be the team throwing and catching the ball): bat


See also

  • Field in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Further reading

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “field”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.


  • Fidel, felid, filed, flied

Middle English



  1. Alternative form of feeld



  • IPA(key): /ˈstʌdi/
  • Rhymes: -ʌdi

Etymology 1

From Middle English studien, from Old French estudier (Modern French étudier) from Medieval Latin studiāre and Latin studēre, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd- (to push, hit). Displaced native Old English cneordlæcan.


study (third-person singular simple present studies, present participle studying, simple past and past participle studied)

  1. (usually academic) To review materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination.
  2. (academic) To take a course or courses on a subject.
  3. To acquire knowledge on a subject with the intention of applying it in practice.
  4. To look at minutely.
  5. To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to dwell upon anything in thought; to muse; to ponder.
    • July 10, 1732, Jonathan Swift, letter to Mr. Gay and The Duchess of Queensberry
      I found a moral first, and studied for a fable.
  6. To endeavor diligently; to be zealous.
    • And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you []
  • con
  • elucubrate
  • research
  • revise
  • swot

Etymology 2

From Middle English studie, from Old French estudie (Modern French étude), from Latin studium (zeal, dedication, study), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd- (to push, hit). Doublet of studio.


study (countable and uncountable, plural studies)

  1. Mental effort to acquire knowledge or learning.
    • 1661, John Fell, The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond
      During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant []
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
  2. The act of studying or examining; examination.
  3. Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
    • 1762, Edmund Law, An extract from A serious call to a devout and holy life
      The Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament, are her daily study.
  4. A room in a house intended for reading and writing; traditionally the private room of the male head of household.
    • his cheery little study
  5. An artwork made in order to practise or demonstrate a subject or technique.
  6. The human face, bearing an expression which the observer finds amusingly typical of a particular emotion or state of mind.
  7. (music) A piece for special practice; an étude.
  8. (academic) An academic publication.
  9. One who commits a theatrical part to memory.
  10. (obsolete) A state of mental perplexity or worried thought.
  11. (archaic) Thought, as directed to a specific purpose; one’s concern.
  • (private male room): cabinet, closet (archaic)
  • See also Thesaurus:study
Coordinate terms
  • (private male room): boudoir (female equivalent)
Derived terms
Related terms



  • Dusty, Dutys, Duyst, dusty

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