figure vs shape what difference

what is difference between figure and shape

English

Etymology

From Middle English figure, borrowed from Old French figure, from Latin figūra (form, shape, form of a word, a figure of speech, Late Latin a sketch, drawing), from fingō (to form, shape, mold, fashion), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeyǵʰ- (to mold, shape, form, knead). Cognate with Ancient Greek τεῖχος (teîkhos), Sanskrit देग्धि (degdhi), Old English dāg (dough). More at dough. Doublet of figura.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɪɡjɚ/, /ˈfɪɡɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɪɡə/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /ˈfɪɡɚ/, /ˈfɪɡjɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡə(ɹ), -ɪɡjə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: fig‧ure

Noun

figure (plural figures)

  1. A drawing or diagram conveying information.
  2. The representation of any form, as by drawing, painting, modelling, carving, embroidering, etc.; especially, a representation of the human body.
    a figure in bronze; a figure cut in marble
  3. A person or thing representing a certain consciousness.
  4. The appearance or impression made by the conduct or career of a person.
    He cut a sorry figure standing there in the rain.
    • I made some figure there.
    • 1770, William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England
      gentlemen of the best figure in the county
  5. (obsolete) Distinguished appearance; magnificence; conspicuous representation; splendour; show.
    • 1729, William Law, A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life
      that he may live in figure and indulgence
  6. A human figure, which dress or corset must fit to; the shape of a human body.
  7. A numeral.
  8. A number, an amount.
  9. A shape.
  10. A visible pattern as in wood or cloth.
    The muslin was of a pretty figure.
  11. Any complex dance moveW.
  12. A figure of speech.
  13. (logic) The form of a syllogism with respect to the relative position of the middle term.
  14. (astrology) A horoscope; the diagram of the aspects of the astrological houses.
    • 1889, Franz Hartmann, The Principles of Astrological Geomancy
      its quality, like those of all the rest, is determined by its position in the house of the astrological figure
  15. (music) Any short succession of notes, either as melody or as a group of chords, which produce a single complete and distinct impression.
    • 1888, George Grove, Beethoven’s Nine Symphonies: Analytical Essays
      Here, Beethoven limits the syncopations and modifications of rhythm which are so prominent in the first and third movements, and employs a rapid, busy, and most melodious figure in the Violins, which is irresistible in its gay and brilliant effect []
  16. (music) A form of melody or accompaniment kept up through a strain or passage; a motif; a florid embellishment.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • figurine
  • figurative
  • figuratively

Descendants

  • Japanese: フィギュア (figyua)

Translations

Verb

figure (third-person singular simple present figures, present participle figuring, simple past and past participle figured)

  1. (chiefly US) To calculate, to solve a mathematical problem.
  2. (chiefly US) To come to understand.
  3. To think, to assume, to suppose, to reckon.
  4. (chiefly US, intransitive) To be reasonable.
  5. (intransitive) To enter into; to be a part of.
  6. (obsolete) To represent by a figure, as to form or mould; to make an image of, either palpable or ideal; also, to fashion into a determinate form; to shape.
  7. To embellish with design; to adorn with figures.
  8. (obsolete) To indicate by numerals.
    • 1698 , John Dryden, Epitaph of Mary Frampton
      As through a crystal glass the figured hours are seen.
  9. To represent by a metaphor; to signify or symbolize.
  10. (obsolete) To prefigure; to foreshow.
  11. (music) To write over or under the bass, as figures or other characters, in order to indicate the accompanying chords.
  12. (music) To embellish.

Derived terms

  • go figure
  • prefigure
  • figure on
  • figure out (US)

Translations

Further reading

  • figure in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • figure in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin figūra.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fi.ɡyʁ/

Noun

figure f (plural figures)

  1. face
  2. figure

Synonyms

  • visage

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “figure” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fiˈɡu.re/
  • Rhymes: -ure

Noun

figure f

  1. plural of figura

Portuguese

Verb

figure

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of figurar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of figurar
  3. third-person singular negative imperative of figurar
  4. third-person singular imperative of figurar

Spanish

Verb

figure

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of figurar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of figurar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of figurar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of figurar.


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: shāp, IPA(key): /ʃeɪp/
  • Rhymes: -eɪp

Etymology

From Middle English shap, schape, from Old English ġesceap (shape, form, created being, creature, creation, dispensation, fate, condition, sex, gender, genitalia), from Proto-West Germanic *ga- + *skap, from Proto-Germanic *ga- + *skapą (shape, nature, condition), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kep- (to split, cut). Cognate with Middle Dutch schap (form), Middle High German geschaf (creature), Icelandic skap (state, condition, temper, mood).

The verb is from Middle English shapen, schapen, from Old English scieppan (to shape, form, make, create, assign, arrange, destine, order, adjudge), from Proto-Germanic *skapjaną (to create), from the noun. Cognate with Dutch scheppen, German schaffen, Swedish skapa (create, make), Norwegian skapa (create).

Noun

shape (countable and uncountable, plural shapes)

  1. The status or condition of something
    The used bookshop wouldn’t offer much due to the poor shape of the book.
  2. Condition of personal health, especially muscular health.
    The vet checked to see what kind of shape the animal was in.
    We exercise to keep in good physical shape.
  3. The appearance of something in terms of its arrangement in space, especially its outline; often a basic geometric two-dimensional figure.
    He cut a square shape out of the cake.
    What shape shall we use for the cookies? Stars, circles, or diamonds?
  4. Form; formation.
    • 2006, Berdj Kenadjian, Martin Zakarian, From Darkness to Light:
      What if God’s plans and actions do mold the shape of human events?
  5. (iron manufacture) A rolled or hammered piece, such as a bar, beam, angle iron, etc., having a cross section different from merchant bar.
  6. (iron manufacture) A piece which has been roughly forged nearly to the form it will receive when completely forged or fitted.
  7. (cooking, now rare) A mould for making jelly, blancmange etc., or a piece of such food formed moulded into a particular shape.
    • 1918, Rebecca West, The Return of the Soldier, Virago 2014, page 74:
      ‘And if I’m late for supper there’s a dish of macaroni cheese you must put in the oven and a tin of tomatoes to eat with it. And there’s a little rhubarb and shape.’
    • 1978, Jane Gardam, God on the Rocks, Abacus 2014, p. 111:
      It was brawn and shape for high tea.
  8. (gambling) A loaded die.
    • 1961, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Gambling and Organized Crime: Hearings (page 76)
      A top cheater seldom ever uses shapes or loaded dice because they do not assure you of winning.
  9. (programming) In the Hack programming language, a group of data fields each of which has a name and a data type.

Hyponyms

  • See also Thesaurus:shape

Hyponyms

  • contest shape

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • Appendix:Forms and shapes

Verb

shape (third-person singular simple present shapes, present participle shaping, simple past shaped or (obsolete) shope, past participle shaped or (archaic) shapen)

  1. (Northern England, Scotland, rare) To create or make.
    • 1685, Satan’s Invisible World Discoveredː
      Which the mighty God of heaven shope.
  2. (transitive) To give something a shape and definition.
    • 1932, The American Scholar, page 227, United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa
      The professor never pretended to the academic prerogative of forcing his students into his own channels of reasoning; he entered into and helped shape the discussion but above all he made his men learn to think for themselves and rely upon their own intellectual judgments.
  3. To form or manipulate something into a certain shape.
  4. (of a country, person, etc) To give influence to.
  5. To suit; to be adjusted or conformable.
  6. (obsolete) To imagine; to conceive.

Synonyms

  • (give shape): form, mold, (rare) shapen

Derived terms

  • beshape
  • foreshape
  • forshape
  • misshape
  • overshape
  • shape up

Translations

References

  • The Dictionary of the Scots Language
  • shape in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • shape at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • HEPAs, Heaps, ephas, heaps, phase

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial