fille vs miss what difference

what is difference between fille and miss

French

Etymology

  • (daughter): From Middle French fille, from Old French fille, from Latin fīlia.
  • (slang, prostitute): By ellipsis of the euphemisms fille des rues (girl of the streets), fille de joie (girl of joy), fille publique (public girl), and others like them that signify “prostitute”.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fij/
  • (Quebec) IPA(key): [fɪj]

Noun

fille f (plural filles)

  1. girl
    Coordinate term: garçon
  2. daughter
    Coordinate term: fils
  3. (slang) prostitute, wench

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “fille” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Irish

Verb

fille

  1. present subjunctive analytic of fill

Mutation


Middle French

Etymology

From Old French fille, from Latin fīlia.

Noun

fille f (plural filles)

  1. daughter (female child)
  2. girl

Descendants

  • French: fille

Norman

Alternative forms

  • fil’ye (Jersey)

Etymology

From Old French fille, from Latin fīlia.

Noun

fille f (plural filles)

  1. (Jersey, Guernsey) daughter
    Coordinate term: fils
  2. (Jersey, Guernsey) girl

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse -filla

Noun

fille f or m (definite singular filla or fillen, indefinite plural filler, definite plural fillene)

  1. a rag

Derived terms

  • filledukke

References

  • “fille” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “fille_2” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse -filla

Noun

fille f (definite singular filla, indefinite plural filler, definite plural fillene)

  1. a rag

References

  • “fille” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Etymology

From Latin fīlia(m).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfi.ʎə/

Noun

fille f (oblique plural filles, nominative singular fille, nominative plural filles)

  1. daughter (female child)
  2. girl

Related terms

  • fil

Descendants

  • Middle French: fille
    • French: fille
  • Norman: fille, fil’ye
  • Walloon: feye

Pennsylvania German

Etymology 1

Compare German füllen, Dutch vullen, English fill.

Verb

fille

  1. to fill
  2. to farce

Etymology 2

Verb

fille

  1. to foal

Saterland Frisian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɪlə/
  • Hyphenation: fil‧le

Verb

fille

  1. (transitive) to skin
  2. (transitive) to deceive

Conjugation

References

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “fille”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /mɪs/
  • Rhymes: -ɪs

Etymology 1

From Middle English missen, from Old English missan (to miss, escape the notice of a person), Proto-Germanic *missijaną (to miss, go wrong, fail), from Proto-Indo-European *meytH- (to change, exchange, trade). Cognate with West Frisian misse (to miss), Dutch missen (to miss), German missen (to miss), Norwegian Bokmål and Danish miste (to lose), Swedish missa (to miss), Norwegian Nynorsk and Icelandic missa (to lose).

Verb

miss (third-person singular simple present misses, present participle missing, simple past and past participle missed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To fail to hit.
    • 1666, Edmund Waller, “Instructions to a Painter
      Flying bullets now,
      To execute his rage, appear too slow;
      They miss, or sweep but common souls away.
  2. (transitive) To fail to achieve or attain.
  3. (transitive) To avoid; to escape.
  4. (transitive) To become aware of the loss or absence of; to feel the want or need of, sometimes with regret.
    • The boy became volubly friendly and bubbling over with unexpected humour and high spirits. He tried to persuade Cicely to stay away from the ball-room for a fourth dance. Nobody would miss them, he explained.
  5. (transitive) To fail to understand; to have a shortcoming of perception; overlook.
  6. (transitive) To fail to attend.
  7. (transitive) To be late for something (a means of transportation, a deadline, etc.).
  8. (transitive) To be wanting; to lack something that should be present.
  9. (poker, said of a card) To fail to help the hand of a player.
  10. (sports) To fail to score (a goal).
  11. (intransitive, obsolete) To go wrong; to err.
  12. (intransitive, obsolete) To be absent, deficient, or wanting.
Usage notes
  • This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing). See Appendix:English catenative verbs
Antonyms
  • (to fail to hit): hit, strike, impinge on, run into, collide with
  • (to feel the absence of): have, feature
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

miss (plural misses)

  1. A failure to hit.
  2. A failure to obtain or accomplish.
  3. An act of avoidance (usually used with the verb give)
  4. (computing) The situation where an item is not found in a cache and therefore needs to be explicitly loaded.
Derived terms
  • swing and a miss
Translations

Etymology 2

From mistress.

Alternative forms

  • Miss
  • meess, Meess (archaic, eye dialect)

Noun

miss (countable and uncountable, plural misses)

  1. A title of respect for a young woman (usually unmarried) with or without a name used.
  2. An unmarried woman; a girl.
  3. A kept woman; a mistress.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Evelyn to this entry?)
  4. (card games) In the game of three-card loo, an extra hand, dealt on the table, which may be substituted for the hand dealt to a player.

Coordinate terms

  • (titles) (of a man): Mr (Mister, mister), Sir (sir); (of a woman): Ms (Miz, mizz), Mrs (Mistress, mistress), Miss (miss), Dame (dame), (of a non-binary person): Mx (Mixter); (see also): Dr (Doctor, doctor), Madam (madam, ma’am) (Category: en:Titles)
Derived terms
  • Miss Havishamesque
Related terms
  • missis, missus
  • missy
Translations

Anagrams

  • ISMS, MSIs, SIMS, Sims, isms, sims

Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from English miss.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈmis/

Noun

miss f (plural misses)

  1. beauty queen

Dutch

Etymology

From English miss.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mɪs/

Noun

miss f (plural missen, diminutive missje n)

  1. A winner of a beauty contest.
    Annelien Coorevits was Miss België in 2007.

    Annelien Coorevits was Miss Belgium in 2007.
  2. A beauty.
  3. A girl with a high self-esteem.
    Dat is nogal een miss, hoor.

    She has some air.

German

Alternative forms

  • miß (superseded)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mɪs/
  • Rhymes: -ɪs

Verb

miss

  1. second-person singular imperative of messen

Ingrian

Pronoun

miss

  1. Chernyavskij’s form of mis

References

  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[2]

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

miss

  1. imperative of missa

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *missą, *missijaz, *missō (loss, want), from Proto-Indo-European *meit- (to change, replace). Cognate with Old Norse missir, missa (a loss).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /miss/, [mis]

Noun

miss n

  1. loss; absence

Declension

Related terms

  • missan (verb)

Polish

Etymology

From English Miss.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): //mʲis//

Noun

miss f (indeclinable)

  1. beauty queen

Further reading

  • miss in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • miss in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English miss.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmis/, [ˈmis]
  • Homophone: mis

Noun

miss f (plural misses)

  1. beauty queen

References

  • “miss” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

miss c

  1. A failure to hit.
  2. A mistake.
  3. (rare) A beauty; a winner of a beauty contest.
    Miss Hawaii gick vidare och vann Miss America-tävlingen

    Miss Hawaii went on to win the Miss America contest

Declension

Synonyms

  • (failure to hit): bom
  • (mistake): misstag
  • (beauty): skönhetsmiss

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