fillet vs lemniscus what difference

what is difference between fillet and lemniscus

English

Etymology

From Middle English filet, vylette, felet, filette, flette, from Old French filet, diminutive of fil (thread), from Latin fīlum (thread).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: fĭ’lĭt, IPA(key): /ˈfɪ.lɪt/, /ˈfɪˌleɪ̯/
  • (General American) (meat senses) IPA(key): /fɪˈleɪ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪlɪt, -eɪ

Noun

fillet (plural fillets)

  1. (now rare) A headband; a ribbon or other band used to tie the hair up, or keep a headdress in place, or for decoration.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.iii:
      In secret shadow, farre from all mens sight: / From her faire head her fillet she undight, / And laid her stole aside.
    • 1970, John Glassco, Memoirs of Montparnasse, Mew York 2007, p. 42:
      She was talking of Raymond Duncan, a walking absurdity who dressed in an ancient handwoven Greek costume and wore his hair in long braids reaching to his waist, adding, on ceremonial occasions, a fillet of bay-leaves.
  2. A thin strip of any material, in various technical uses.
  3. (construction) A heavy bead of waterproofing compound or sealant material generally installed at the point where vertical and horizontal surfaces meet.
  4. (engineering, drafting, CAD) A rounded relief or cut at an edge, especially an inside edge, added for a finished appearance and to break sharp edges.
  5. A strip or compact piece of meat or fish from which any bones and skin and feathers have been removed.
  6. (Britain) A premium cut of meat, especially beef, taken from below the lower back of the animal, considered to be lean and tender; also called tenderloin.
    fillet steak
  7. (architecture) A thin featureless moulding/molding used as separation between broader decorative mouldings.
  8. (architecture) The space between two flutings in a shaft.
  9. (heraldry) An ordinary equal in breadth to one quarter of the chief, to the lowest portion of which it corresponds in position.
  10. The thread of a screw.
  11. A colored or gilded border.
  12. The raised moulding around the muzzle of a gun.
  13. (woodworking) Any scantling smaller than a batten.
  14. (anatomy) A fascia; a band of fibres; applied especially to certain bands of white matter in the brain.
  15. The loins of a horse, beginning at the place where the hinder part of the saddle rests.

Synonyms

  • (a boneless cut of meat): filet

Antonyms

  • (rounded outside edge): round

Derived terms

  • chicken fillet

Translations

Further reading

  • Fillet in the 1921 edition of Collier’s Encyclopedia.

Verb

fillet (third-person singular simple present fillets, present participle filleting, simple past and past participle filleted)

  1. (transitive) To slice, bone or make into fillets.
  2. (transitive) To apply, create, or specify a rounded or filled corner to.

Synonyms

  • (make into fillets): bone, debone

Translations



English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin lēmniscus (pendent ribbon), from Ancient Greek λημνῐ́σκος (lēmnískos), from Λῆμνος (Lêmnos, a Greek island Lemnos) +‎ -ίσκος (-ískos, noun-forming diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɛmˈnɪ.skəs/
  • Rhymes: -ɪskəs

Noun

lemniscus (plural lemniscuses or lemnisci)

  1. (zoology) One of two oval bodies hanging from the interior walls of the body in the Acanthocephala.
  2. A woollen fillet attached to the back of crowns, diadems, etc.
  3. (anatomy) A ribbon of fibers, especially of cerebral white nerve fibers.

Related terms

  • lemniscata

Latin

Etymology

From Ancient Greek λημνῐ́σκος (lēmnískos, woollen fillet, ribbon).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /leːmˈnis.kus/, [ɫ̪eːmˈnɪs̠kʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /lemˈnis.kus/, [lɛmˈniskus]

Noun

lēmniscus m (genitive lēmniscī); second declension

  1. A pendent ribbon

Declension

Second-declension noun.

Derived terms

  • lēmniscātus

Descendants

  • Catalan: lemnisc
  • Galician: lemnisco
  • Italian: lemnisco
  • Portuguese: lemnisco
  • Spanish: lemnisco

References

  • lemniscus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lemniscus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lemniscus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • lemniscus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lemniscus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

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