find vs incur what difference

what is difference between find and incur

English

Etymology

From Middle English finden, from Old English findan, from Proto-West Germanic *finþan, from Proto-Germanic *finþaną (compare West Frisian fine, Low German finden, Dutch vinden, German finden, Danish finde, Norwegian Bokmål finne, Norwegian Nynorsk and Swedish finna), a secondary verb from Proto-Indo-European *pent- (to go, pass; path bridge), *póntoh₁s (compare English path, Old Irish étain (I find), áitt (place), Latin pōns (bridge), Ancient Greek πόντος (póntos, sea), Old Armenian հուն (hun, ford), Avestan ????????????????????(paṇtā̊), Sanskrit पथ (pathá, path)), Proto-Slavic *pǫtь.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: fīnd, IPA(key): /faɪnd/
  • Rhymes: -aɪnd
  • Homophone: fined

Verb

find (third-person singular simple present finds, present participle finding, simple past found or (dialectal) fand, past participle found or (archaic) founden)

  1. (transitive) To encounter or discover by accident; to happen upon.
    • a. 1667, Abraham Cowley, The Request
      Among the Woods and Forests thou art found.
  2. (transitive) To encounter or discover something being searched for; to locate.
  3. (ditransitive) To discover by study or experiment direct to an object or end.
  4. (transitive) To gain, as the object of desire or effort.
  5. (transitive) To attain to; to arrive at; to acquire.
  6. (transitive) To point out.
  7. (ditransitive) To decide that, to discover that, to form the opinion that.
    • 1647, Abraham Cowley, The Request
      The torrid zone is now found habitable.
  8. (transitive) To arrive at, as a conclusion; to determine as true; to establish.
  9. (transitive, archaic) To supply; to furnish.
  10. (transitive, archaic) To provide for
    • 1871, Charles Kingsley, At Last: a Christmas in the West Indies
      Nothing a day and find yourself.
    • 1892, W. E. Swanton, Notes on New Zealand
      the pay is good, the musterer receiving ten shillings a day, and all found, all the time he is engaged on the “run,” even should he be compelled to remain idle on account of rain or mist.
  11. (intransitive, law) To determine or judge.
  12. (intransitive, hunting) To discover game.
    • 1945, Nancy Mitford, The Pursuit of Love, Penguin 2010, page 57:
      They found at once, and there was a short sharp run, during which Linda and Tony, both in a somewhat showing-off mood, rode side by side over the stone walls.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:deem

Antonyms

  • lose

Derived terms

  • befind
  • findable
  • finder
  • hard-to-find
  • viewfinder
  • unfindable

Related terms

See also finding and found

Translations

Noun

find (plural finds)

  1. Anything that is found (usually valuable), as objects on an archeological site or a person with talent.
  2. The act of finding.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Synonyms

  • (anything found): discovery, catch

Translations

Further reading

  • find in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • find in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • NFID

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fend/, [fenˀ]
  • Rhymes: -end

Verb

find

  1. imperative of finde

Middle English

Noun

find (plural findes)

  1. Alternative form of feend


English

Alternative forms

  • encur

Etymology

From Middle English incurren, from Anglo-Norman encurir, Middle French encourir, from Old French encorre, from Latin incurrere.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪnˈkəː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪnˈkɝ/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(r)

Verb

incur (third-person singular simple present incurs, present participle incurring, simple past and past participle incurred)

  1. (transitive) to bring upon oneself or expose oneself to, especially something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to become liable or subject to
    • 1891, Henry Graham Dakyns (translator), The works of Xenophon, “The Hellenica”, Book 5, Chapter 3,
      [T]he master in his wrath may easily incur worse evil himself than he inflicts—[…]
    • 1910, Nicholas Machiavelli, translated by Ninian Hill Thomson, The Prince, Chapter XIX,
      And here it is to be noted that hatred is incurred as well on account of good actions as of bad;
    1. (chiefly law, accounting) to render somebody liable or subject to
      • 1861, Francis Colburn Adams, An Outcast, Chapter VII,
        The least neglect of duty will incur[…] the penalty of thirty-nine well laid on in the morning.
      • 1605, George Chapman, Ben Jonson and John Marston, Eastward Ho
        Lest you incur me much more damage in my fame than you have done me pleasure in preserving my life.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) to enter or pass into
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) to fall within a period or scope; to occur; to run into danger

Synonyms

  • (to bring down or expose oneself to): encounter, contract (debts, etc.)
  • (to render liable or subject to): occasion

Related terms

  • incurrence
  • incursion
  • incursive

Translations

Anagrams

  • Runic, runic

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