finish vs terminate what difference

what is difference between finish and terminate

English

Etymology

From Middle English finishen, finisshen, finischen, from Old French finiss-, stem of some of the conjugated forms of finir, from Latin fīnīre, present active infinitive of fīniō.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: fĭn’ĭsh, IPA(key): /ˈfɪnɪʃ/
  • Homophone: Finnish

Noun

finish (plural finishes)

  1. An end; the end of anything.
  2. A protective coating given to wood or metal and other surfaces.
  3. The result of any process changing the physical or chemical properties of cloth.
  4. A finishing touch; careful elaboration; polish.
  5. (sports) A shot on goal, especially one that ends in a goal.

Translations

Verb

finish (third-person singular simple present finishes, present participle finishing, simple past and past participle finished)

  1. (transitive) To complete (something).
  2. (transitive) To apply a treatment to (a surface or similar).
  3. (transitive) To change an animal’s food supply in the months before it is due for slaughter, with the intention of fattening the animal.
  4. (intransitive) To come to an end.
  5. (transitive) To put an end to; to destroy.
    These rumours could finish your career.
  6. (intransitive, sex) To reach orgasm.

Usage notes

  • (transitive, to complete): This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (the -ing form). See Appendix:English catenative verbs

Antonyms

  • (to complete): initiate, begin, start

Derived terms

  • nice guys finish last

Translations

Related terms

  • finish line
  • finishing school

Anagrams

  • fishin’

Danish

Etymology

From English finish.

Noun

finish c (singular definite finishen, not used in plural form)

  1. (the appearance after) fine-tuning, finishing touch
  2. finish (a spectacular end in a race or a competition)

Further reading

  • “finish” in Den Danske Ordbog

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɪ.nɪʃ/
  • Hyphenation: fi‧nish

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English finish.

Noun

finish m (uncountable)

  1. finish; end
Derived terms
  • finishlijn

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

finish

  1. first-person singular present indicative of finishen
  2. imperative of finishen


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin terminātus, past participle of terminō (I set bounds to, bound, limit, end, close, terminate), from terminus (a bound, limit, end); see term, terminus. Doublet of termine.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈtɝmɪneɪt/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtɜːmɪneɪt/
  • Hyphenation: ter‧mi‧nate

Verb

terminate (third-person singular simple present terminates, present participle terminating, simple past and past participle terminated)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) To end something, especially when left in an incomplete state.
    • 1857, John Scandrett Harford, The Life of Michael Angelo Buonarroti
      During this interval of calm and prosperity, he terminated two figures of slaves, destined for the tomb, in an incomparable style of art.
  2. (transitive or intransitive) To set or be a limit or boundary to.
  3. (transitive, euphemistic) To kill someone or something.
  4. (transitive, euphemistic) To end the employment contract of an employee; to fire, lay off.
  5. Of a mode of transport, to end its journey; or of a railway line, to reach its terminus.

Synonyms

  • (to end incompletely): discontinue, stop, break off
  • (to kill): See also Thesaurus:kill
  • (to end the employment contract): axe, fire, sack; see also Thesaurus:lay off

Antonyms

  • (to end incompletely): continue

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • abort

Further reading

  • terminate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • terminate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • “terminate”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Adjective

terminate (comparative more terminate, superlative most terminate)

  1. Terminated; limited; bounded; ended.
  2. Having a definite and clear limit or boundary; having a determinate size, shape or magnitude.
  3. (mathematics) Expressible in a finite number of terms; (of a decimal) not recurring or infinite.

References

  • John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “terminate”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.

Anagrams

  • Marinette, antimeter, intermate, interteam, tetramine, tretamine

Italian

Verb

terminate

  1. inflection of terminare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person plural imperative

Verb

terminate f pl

  1. feminine plural of terminato

Anagrams

  • attenermi, meritante

Latin

Verb

termināte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of terminō

References

  • terminate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press

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