# finite vs infinite what difference

## what is difference between finite and infinite

## English

### Etymology

From Middle English *fynyte*, *finit*, from Latin *fīnītus*, perfect passive participle of *fīniō* (“I finish; I terminate”), from *fīnis* (“boundary”).

### Pronunciation

- IPA
^{(key)}: /ˈfaɪnaɪt/

### Adjective

**finite** (*comparative* **more finite**, *superlative* **most finite**)

- Having an end or limit; (of a quantity) constrained by bounds; (of a set) whose number of elements is a natural number.
- Synonym: limited

- (grammar, as opposed to infinite or nonfinite) Limited by (i.e. inflected for) person or number. [from 19th c.]

#### Antonyms

- infinite, nonfinite, infinitival
- unlimited
- endless
- eternal
- everlasting

#### Derived terms

#### Related terms

#### Translations

## Esperanto

### Adverb

**finite**

- past adverbial passive participle of
*fini*

## German

### Adjective

**finite**

- inflection of
*finit*:- strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
- strong nominative/accusative plural
- weak nominative all-gender singular
- weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

## Ido

### Pronunciation

- IPA
^{(key)}: /fiˈnite/

### Verb

**finite**

- adverbial past passive participle of
**finar**

## Interlingua

### Participle

**finite**

- past participle of
*finir*

## Italian

### Pronunciation

- IPA
^{(key)}: /fiˈni.te/ - Hyphenation: fi‧nì‧te

### Adjective

**finite**

- feminine plural of
*finito*

### Verb

**finite**

- inflection of
*finire*:- second-person plural present indicative
- second-person plural imperative
- feminine plural past participle

## Latin

### Pronunciation

- (Classical) IPA
^{(key)}: /fiːˈniː.te/, [fiːˈniːt̪ɛ] - (Ecclesiastical) IPA
^{(key)}: /fiˈni.te/, [fiˈniːt̪ɛ]

### Adverb

**fīnīte** (*not comparable*)

- To a certain extent, within limits; limited.
- Antonym: īnfīnītē

- Definitely, specifically.

#### Related terms

### References

- finite in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

## English

### Etymology

From Latin *infīnītus*, from *in-* (“not”) + *fīnis* (“end”) + the perfect passive participle ending *-itus*.

### Pronunciation

- (UK) IPA
^{(key)}: /ˈɪnfɪnɪt/ - (US) IPA
^{(key)}: /ˈɪnfɪnɪt/, /ˈɪnfənɪt/ - Hyphenation: in‧fi‧nite

### Adjective

**infinite** (*comparative* **more infinite**, *superlative* **most infinite**)

- Indefinably large, countlessly great; immense. [from 14th c.]
**1735**, Henry Brooke,*Universal Beauty*- Whatever is finite, as finite, will admit of no comparative relation with infinity; for whatever is less than
**infinite**is still infinitely distant from infinity; and lower than infinite distance the lowest or least cannot sink.

- Whatever is finite, as finite, will admit of no comparative relation with infinity; for whatever is less than
- }}
**infinite**riches in a little room

- Boundless, endless, without end or limits; innumerable. [from 15th c.]
- Great is our Lord, and of great power; his understanding is
**infinite**.

- Great is our Lord, and of great power; his understanding is

- (with plural noun) Infinitely many. [from 15th c.]
**2012**, Helen Donelan, Karen Kear, Magnus Ramage,*Online Communication and Collaboration: A Reader*- Huxley’s theory says that if you provide
**infinite**monkeys with infinite typewriters, some monkey somewhere will eventually create a masterpiece – a play by Shakespeare, a Platonic dialogue, or an economic treatise by Adam Smith.

- Huxley’s theory says that if you provide

- (mathematics) Greater than any positive quantity or magnitude; limitless. [from 17th c.]
- (set theory, of a set) Having infinitely many elements.
- For any
**infinite**set, there is a 1-1 correspondence between it and at least one of its proper subsets. For example, there is a 1-1 correspondence between the set of natural numbers and the set of squares of natural numbers, which is a proper subset of the set of natural numbers.

- For any

- (grammar) Not limited by person or number. [from 19th c.]
- (music) Capable of endless repetition; said of certain forms of the canon, also called perpetual fugues, constructed so that their ends lead to their beginnings.

#### Usage notes

Although the term is incomparable in the precise sense, it can be comparable both in mathematics and set theory to compare different degrees of infinity, and informally to denote yet a larger thing.

Poets (and particularly hymn-writers before the 20th century) would commonly rhyme the word as though pronounced [-ɑɪnɑɪt] and church congregations still on occasion adopt that pronunciation.

#### Synonyms

- (indefinably large): immeasurable, inestimable, vast
- (without end or limits): amaranthine, boundless, endless, interminable, limitless, unbounded, unending, unlimited; see also Thesaurus:infinite or Thesaurus:eternal
- (infinitely many): countless; see also Thesaurus:innumerable

#### Antonyms

- finite
- infinitesimal
- limited

#### Hyponyms

- (set theory): countably infinite
- (set theory): uncountable

#### Derived terms

#### Related terms

- infinitive

#### Translations

### Numeral

**infinite**

- Infinitely many.

### Noun

**infinite** (*plural* **infinites**)

- Something that is infinite in nature.
**2004**, Teun Koetsier, Luc Bergmans,*Mathematics and the Divine: A Historical Study*(page 449)- Cautiously, Hobbes avoided asserting the equality of these
**infinites**, and explicitly characterized the relation between them as non-inequality.

- Cautiously, Hobbes avoided asserting the equality of these

- (video games) A combo that can be used repeatedly without interruption.
**2007**, Adam Deats, Joe Epstein,*Virtua Fighter 5*(page 14)- […] prevents overpowered combos and
**infinites**[…]

- […] prevents overpowered combos and

### References

## Italian

### Adjective

**infinite**

- feminine plural of
*infinito*

## Latin

### Adjective

**īnfīnīte**

- vocative masculine singular of
*īnfīnītus*

### References

- infinite in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- infinite in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- infinite in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette