first vs firstly what difference

what is difference between first and firstly

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɜːst/
  • (General American) enPR: fŭrst, IPA(key): /fɝst/
  • (Scotland) IPA(key): /fɪrst/, /fʌrst/
  • Hyphenation: first
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)st

Etymology 1

From Middle English first, furst, ferst, fyrst, from Old English fyrest, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz (foremost, first), superlative of Proto-Germanic *fur, *fura, *furi (before), from Proto-Indo-European *per-, *pero- (forward, beyond, around), equivalent to fore +‎ -est. Cognate with North Frisian foarste (first), Dutch voorste (foremost, first), German Fürst (chief, prince, literally first (born)), Swedish först (first), Norwegian Nynorsk fyrst (first), Icelandic fyrstur (first).

Alternative forms

  • 1st, Ist; I, I. (in names of monarchs and popes)
  • firste (archaic)
  • fyrst, fyrste (obsolete)

Adjective

first (not comparable)

  1. Preceding all others of a series or kind; the ordinal of one; earliest.
    Hancock was first to arrive.
  2. Most eminent or exalted; most excellent; chief; highest.
    • 1784: William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., PREFACE
      THE favourable reception the Orrery has met with from Perſons of the firſt diſtinction, and from Gentlemen and Ladies in general, has induced me to add to it ſeveral new improvements in order to give it a degree of Perfection; and diſtinguiſh it from others; which by Piracy, or Imitation, may be introduced to the Public.
Related terms
  • for
  • fore
Translations

Adverb

first (not comparable)

  1. Before anything else; firstly.
  2. For the first time;
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:firstly
Translations

Noun

first (countable and uncountable, plural firsts)

  1. (uncountable) The person or thing in the first position.
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
  2. (uncountable) The first gear of an engine.
  3. (countable) Something that has never happened before; a new occurrence.
  4. (countable, baseball) first base
  5. (countable, Britain, colloquial) A first-class honours degree.
  6. (countable, colloquial) A first-edition copy of some publication.
  7. A fraction of an integer ending in one.
Translations

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

  • primary
  • primus inter pares

Etymology 2

From Middle English first, furst, fyrst, from Old English fyrst, fierst, first (period, space of time, time, respite, truce), from Proto-Germanic *frestaz, *fristiz, *frestą (date, appointed time), from Proto-Indo-European *pres-, *per- (forward, forth, over, beyond). Cognate with North Frisian ferst, frest (period, time), German Frist (period, deadline, term), Swedish frist (deadline, respite, reprieve, time-limit), Icelandic frestur (period). See also frist.

Noun

first (plural firsts)

  1. (obsolete) Time; time granted; respite.

References

  • first at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • FTIRs, SIRTF, frist, frits, rifts

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • fyrst, ferst, furst

Etymology

From Old English fyrest, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfirst/, /ˈfurst/, /ˈfɛrst/

Adjective

first

  1. first

Descendants

  • English: first
  • Yola: vursth, vurst

References

  • “first, ord. num. (as adj. & n.).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.


English

Etymology

Coined between 1525 and 1535 from first +‎ -ly.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɜɹstli/

Adverb

firstly (not comparable)

  1. (formal) In the first place; before anything else; first.

Usage notes

  • Whether it is proper to use “firstly”, rather than “first”, has often been disputed.
    • Beginning in the early 19th century, some have argued against the use of “firstly”, advocating the sequence: “First”, “secondly”, “thirdly”, ….
    • The usage of “firstly” is also deprecated by some modern style guides. The Chicago Manual of Style further recommends that all such -ly forms be avoided, and that list items begin only with “first”, “second”, and so forth.
    • Other authorities disagree.
      • The American Heritage Dictionary comments:
        It is well established that either first or firstly can be used to begin an enumeration: Our objectives are, first (or firstly), to recover from last year’s slump.
      • The Oxford English Dictionary notes the dispute but does not pass judgment: “many writers prefer first, even though closely followed by secondly, thirdly, etc.”
    • “Firstly” may appear more formal than “first” and is often recommended for the formal enumeration of arguments.

Synonyms

  • 1stly, first, first of all, first up; see also Thesaurus:firstly

Translations

See also

  • at first
  • in the first place

References


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