first vs initiative what difference

what is difference between first and initiative

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɜːst/
  • (General American) enPR: fŭrst, IPA(key): /fɝst/
  • (Scotland) IPA(key): /fɪrst/, /fʌrst/
  • Hyphenation: first
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)st

Etymology 1

From Middle English first, furst, ferst, fyrst, from Old English fyrest, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz (foremost, first), superlative of Proto-Germanic *fur, *fura, *furi (before), from Proto-Indo-European *per-, *pero- (forward, beyond, around), equivalent to fore +‎ -est. Cognate with North Frisian foarste (first), Dutch voorste (foremost, first), German Fürst (chief, prince, literally first (born)), Swedish först (first), Norwegian Nynorsk fyrst (first), Icelandic fyrstur (first).

Alternative forms

  • 1st, Ist; I, I. (in names of monarchs and popes)
  • firste (archaic)
  • fyrst, fyrste (obsolete)

Adjective

first (not comparable)

  1. Preceding all others of a series or kind; the ordinal of one; earliest.
    Hancock was first to arrive.
  2. Most eminent or exalted; most excellent; chief; highest.
    • 1784: William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., PREFACE
      THE favourable reception the Orrery has met with from Perſons of the firſt diſtinction, and from Gentlemen and Ladies in general, has induced me to add to it ſeveral new improvements in order to give it a degree of Perfection; and diſtinguiſh it from others; which by Piracy, or Imitation, may be introduced to the Public.
Related terms
  • for
  • fore
Translations

Adverb

first (not comparable)

  1. Before anything else; firstly.
  2. For the first time;
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:firstly
Translations

Noun

first (countable and uncountable, plural firsts)

  1. (uncountable) The person or thing in the first position.
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
  2. (uncountable) The first gear of an engine.
  3. (countable) Something that has never happened before; a new occurrence.
  4. (countable, baseball) first base
  5. (countable, Britain, colloquial) A first-class honours degree.
  6. (countable, colloquial) A first-edition copy of some publication.
  7. A fraction of an integer ending in one.
Translations

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

  • primary
  • primus inter pares

Etymology 2

From Middle English first, furst, fyrst, from Old English fyrst, fierst, first (period, space of time, time, respite, truce), from Proto-Germanic *frestaz, *fristiz, *frestą (date, appointed time), from Proto-Indo-European *pres-, *per- (forward, forth, over, beyond). Cognate with North Frisian ferst, frest (period, time), German Frist (period, deadline, term), Swedish frist (deadline, respite, reprieve, time-limit), Icelandic frestur (period). See also frist.

Noun

first (plural firsts)

  1. (obsolete) Time; time granted; respite.

References

  • first at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • FTIRs, SIRTF, frist, frits, rifts

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • fyrst, ferst, furst

Etymology

From Old English fyrest, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfirst/, /ˈfurst/, /ˈfɛrst/

Adjective

first

  1. first

Descendants

  • English: first
  • Yola: vursth, vurst

References

  • “first, ord. num. (as adj. & n.).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.


English

Etymology

From French initiative, from Medieval Latin *initiativus (serving to initiate), from Late Latin initiare (to begin, Latin initiate), from Latin initium (beginning), from ineo (enter, begin).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈnɪʃətɪv/
  • Rhymes: -ɪʃətɪv

Adjective

initiative (not comparable)

  1. Serving to initiate; inceptive; initiatory; introductory; preliminary.
  2. In which voter initiatives can be brought to the ballot.
    • a. 2008, John G. Matsusaka, “Direct Democracy and the Executive Branch”, in, 2008, Shaun Bowler and Amihai Glazer, editors, Direct Democracy’s Impact on American Political Institutions, Palgrave Macmillan, →ISBN, page 122 [1]:
      The second row shows that initiative states fill more constitutional offices by election than noninitiative states, and the difference is statistically significant after controlling for region and population.

Antonyms

  • noninitiative

Translations

Noun

initiative (countable and uncountable, plural initiatives)

  1. A beginning; a first move.
  2. A new development; a fresh approach to something; a new way of dealing with a problem.
  3. The ability to act first or on one’s own.
  4. An issue to be voted on, brought to the ballot by a sufficient number of signatures from among the voting public.

Synonyms

  • (issue to be voted on): direct initiative

Derived terms

  • direct initiative

Related terms

Translations

Further reading

  • initiative in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • initiative in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • initiative at OneLook Dictionary Search

French

Etymology

From *Medieval Latin initiativus (serving to initiate), from Late Latin initiare (to begin, Latin initiate), from Latin initium (beginning), from ineo (enter, begin).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /i.ni.sja.tiv/

Noun

initiative f (plural initiatives)

  1. initiative
    • Prendre l’initiative.

Derived terms

  • syndicat d’initiative

Further reading

  • “initiative” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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