first vs maiden what difference

what is difference between first and maiden

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɜːst/
  • (General American) enPR: fŭrst, IPA(key): /fɝst/
  • (Scotland) IPA(key): /fɪrst/, /fʌrst/
  • Hyphenation: first
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)st

Etymology 1

From Middle English first, furst, ferst, fyrst, from Old English fyrest, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz (foremost, first), superlative of Proto-Germanic *fur, *fura, *furi (before), from Proto-Indo-European *per-, *pero- (forward, beyond, around), equivalent to fore +‎ -est. Cognate with North Frisian foarste (first), Dutch voorste (foremost, first), German Fürst (chief, prince, literally first (born)), Swedish först (first), Norwegian Nynorsk fyrst (first), Icelandic fyrstur (first).

Alternative forms

  • 1st, Ist; I, I. (in names of monarchs and popes)
  • firste (archaic)
  • fyrst, fyrste (obsolete)

Adjective

first (not comparable)

  1. Preceding all others of a series or kind; the ordinal of one; earliest.
    Hancock was first to arrive.
  2. Most eminent or exalted; most excellent; chief; highest.
    • 1784: William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., PREFACE
      THE favourable reception the Orrery has met with from Perſons of the firſt diſtinction, and from Gentlemen and Ladies in general, has induced me to add to it ſeveral new improvements in order to give it a degree of Perfection; and diſtinguiſh it from others; which by Piracy, or Imitation, may be introduced to the Public.
Related terms
  • for
  • fore
Translations

Adverb

first (not comparable)

  1. Before anything else; firstly.
  2. For the first time;
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:firstly
Translations

Noun

first (countable and uncountable, plural firsts)

  1. (uncountable) The person or thing in the first position.
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
  2. (uncountable) The first gear of an engine.
  3. (countable) Something that has never happened before; a new occurrence.
  4. (countable, baseball) first base
  5. (countable, Britain, colloquial) A first-class honours degree.
  6. (countable, colloquial) A first-edition copy of some publication.
  7. A fraction of an integer ending in one.
Translations

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

  • primary
  • primus inter pares

Etymology 2

From Middle English first, furst, fyrst, from Old English fyrst, fierst, first (period, space of time, time, respite, truce), from Proto-Germanic *frestaz, *fristiz, *frestą (date, appointed time), from Proto-Indo-European *pres-, *per- (forward, forth, over, beyond). Cognate with North Frisian ferst, frest (period, time), German Frist (period, deadline, term), Swedish frist (deadline, respite, reprieve, time-limit), Icelandic frestur (period). See also frist.

Noun

first (plural firsts)

  1. (obsolete) Time; time granted; respite.

References

  • first at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • FTIRs, SIRTF, frist, frits, rifts

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • fyrst, ferst, furst

Etymology

From Old English fyrest, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfirst/, /ˈfurst/, /ˈfɛrst/

Adjective

first

  1. first

Descendants

  • English: first
  • Yola: vursth, vurst

References

  • “first, ord. num. (as adj. & n.).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.


English

Etymology

From Middle English mayden, meiden, from Old English mæġden (maiden, virgin, girl, maid, servant), diminutive of mæġþ, mæġeþ (maiden, virgin, girl, woman, wife) via diminutive suffix -en, from Proto-West Germanic *magaþ, from Proto-Germanic *magaþs (maid, virgin). Equivalent to maid +‎ -en.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmeɪdən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪdən

Noun

maiden (plural maidens)

  1. (now chiefly literary) A girl or an unmarried young woman.
  2. A female virgin.
  3. (obsolete, dialectal) A man with no experience of sex, especially because of deliberate abstention.
  4. A maidservant.
  5. A clothes maiden.
  6. (now rare) An unmarried woman, especially an older woman.
  7. (horse racing) A racehorse without any victory, i.e. one having a “virgin record”.
  8. (horse racing) A horse race in which all starters are maidens.
  9. (historical) A Scottish counterpart of the guillotine.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wharton to this entry?)
  10. (cricket) A maiden over.
  11. (obsolete) A machine for washing linen.
  12. (Wicca) Alternative form of Maiden

Synonyms

  • (unmarried (young) female): bachelorette

Derived terms

Related terms

  • maid

Translations

Adjective

maiden (not comparable)

  1. Virgin.
    • 1857-1859, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Virginians
      a surprising old maiden lady
  2. (of a female, human or animal) Without offspring.
  3. Like or befitting a (young, unmarried) maiden.
  4. (figuratively) Being a first occurrence or event.
  5. (cricket) Being an over in which no runs are scored.
  6. Fresh; innocent; unpolluted; pure; hitherto unused.
  7. (of a fortress) Never having been captured or violated.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of T. Warton to this entry?)
  8. (of a tree) Grown from seed and never pruned

Synonyms

  • maidenly

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • Damien, Eidman, Manide, Median, Medina, Midean, aidmen, demain, maenid, mained, median, medina, meidan

Finnish

Alternative forms

  • maitten

Noun

maiden

  1. genitive plural of maa

Anagrams

  • median

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