flack vs flak what difference

what is difference between flack and flak

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flæk/
  • Rhymes: -æk
  • Homophone: flak

Etymology 1

From Middle English flacken (to palpitate, flutter), from Old English *flaccian, from Proto-West Germanic *flakkōn, from Proto-Germanic *flakkōną (to swerve), from Proto-Indo-European *pleḱ-, which could be related to Ancient Greek πλάζω (plázō, to turn away from).

Akin to Middle Dutch vlacken (to flicker, flash, sparkle), Danish flakke (to wander), Swedish flacka (to rove, rove about, ramble), Icelandic flakka (to move). Compare also Icelandic flaka (to flap, hang loose), Swedish flaxa (to flap, flutter).

Verb

flack (third-person singular simple present flacks, present participle flacking, simple past and past participle flacked)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To flutter; palpitate.
  2. (intransitive, Britain dialectal) To hang loosely; flag.
  3. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To beat by flapping.

Etymology 2

Unknown

Noun

flack (plural flacks)

  1. (Canada, US) A publicist, a publicity agent.
    • 1999, Patricia Cornwell, The Southern Cross, page 233
      Thought you were flack,” she said.
      “I’m not flack.”
      “All right, P.R., a reporter, a novelist.”

Verb

flack (third-person singular simple present flacks, present participle flacking, simple past and past participle flacked)

  1. (Canada, US) To publicise, to promote.

Etymology 3

Variant of flak.

Noun

flack (countable and uncountable, plural flacks)

  1. Alternative spelling of flak.

Further reading

  • flack at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • flack in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Falck


English

Alternative forms

  • flack (adverse criticism and spokesperson senses)

Etymology

Borrowed from German FlaK, short for Fliegerabwehrkanone (anti aeroplane cannon).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flæk/
  • Rhymes: -æk
  • Homophone: flack

Noun

flak (countable and uncountable, plural flaks)

  1. Ground-based anti-aircraft guns firing explosive shells. [from 1938]
    Synonyms: ack-ack, AAA, triple-A
    • 1964, David John Cawdell Irving, The Destruction of Dresden, page 74,
      [] to consider whether the city was in February 1945 an undefended city within the meaning of the 1907 Hague Convention, it will be necessary to examine the establishment and subsequent total dispersal of the city’s flak batteries, before the date of the triple blow.
    • 2007, Samuel W. Mitcham, Jr., Retreat to the Reich: The German Defeat in France, 1944, footnote, page 30,
      He was promoted to general of flak artillery on March 1, 1945, and ended the war as the general of the flak arm at OKL, the High Command of the Luftwaffe.
  2. Anti-aircraft shell fire. [from 1940]
    Synonym: ack-ack
    • 1943 November 29, Target: Germany, in Life, page 80,
      At 1057 we were just over the islands and at 1100 the tail gunner reported flak at six o’clock, below.
    • 1984, Steve Harris, “Aces High”, Iron Maiden, Powerslave.
    • 1999, Brian O’Neill, Half a Wing, Three Engines and a Prayer, page 118,
      I could hear the fragments from the flak shells hitting the plane like someone throwing rocks at it.
  3. (figuratively, informal) Adverse criticism. [from 1963]
    • 1990, Joel H. Spring, The American School, 1642-1990, page 380,
      This filter Herman and Chomsky call “flak,” which refers to letters, speeches, phone calls, and other forms of group and individual complaints. Advertisers and broadcasters avoid programming content that might cause large volumes of flak.
  4. (informal) A public-relations spokesperson.
    • 2006, Edward Herman, Noam Chomsky, A Propaganda Model, in 2006 [2001], Meenakshi Gigi Durham, Douglas Kellner (editors), Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks, revised edition, page 277,
      AIM head, Reed Irvine’s diatribes are frequently published, and right-wing network flaks who regularly assail the “liberal media,” such as Michael Ledeen, are given Op-ed column space, sympathetic reviews, and a regular place on talk shows as experts.
Translations

See also

  • flak jacket

Anagrams

  • KLFA, falk

Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *awa-laka, from Proto-Indo-European *lek- (to jump, scuttle) (compare Norwegian lakka (to hop, patter about), Latvian lèkt (to spring, jump), Ancient Greek ληκάω (lēkáō, to dance to music)).

Verb

flak (first-person singular past tense flaka, participle flakur)

  1. to throw, hurl, toss, fling off
  2. to smack
  3. (figuratively) to cast off, eject
  4. (figuratively) to renounce, reject

Related terms

  • fletë

References


Icelandic

Etymology

Borrowed through German flach (flat), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *flakaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flaːk/
  • Rhymes: -aːk

Noun

flak n (genitive singular flaks, nominative plural flök)

  1. wreck
  2. filet, (UK) fillet (of fish)

Declension

Synonyms

  • (wreck): rekald n
  • (a fish fillet): flak af fiski n

Derived terms

  • flaka

See also

  • lundir (of beef etc.)

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse flaga, flak

Noun

flak n (definite singular flaket, indefinite plural flak, definite plural flaka or flakene)

  1. a flake
  2. floe (of ice)
  3. tail (of a garment; coat tail, shirt tail)

Derived terms

  • isflak

References

  • “flak” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “flak_3” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “flak_2” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse flaga, flak. Akin to English flake.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flɑːk/

Noun

flak n (definite singular flaket, indefinite plural flak, definite plural flaka)

  1. a flake
  2. floe (of ice)
  3. tail (of a garment; coat tail, shirt tail)

Derived terms

  • isflak
  • snøflak

References

  • “flak” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Plautdietsch

Adjective

flak

  1. shallow (not deep)

Polish

Etymology

From Middle High German vlëcke.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flak/

Noun

flak m inan

  1. sausage casing made from animal intestine
  2. (informal) flat tire
  3. (colloquial) innard, entrail

Declension

Related terms

  • flaki

Further reading

  • flak in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed through German flach (flat), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *flakaz.

Noun

flak n

  1. a flat object, a floe, a flatbed
  2. a bed, the (open) cargo area of a vehicle (e.g. truck, lorry, pickup truck, dump truck, tip truck)

Declension

Related terms

  • flakbil
  • flakcykel
  • flakmoped
  • isflak
  • lastbilsflak
  • tippflak

Anagrams

  • falk

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