flagellum vs scourge what difference

what is difference between flagellum and scourge

English

Etymology

From Latin flagellum (whip), diminutive of flagrum, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰlag- (to strike).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fləˈdʒɛləm/
  • Rhymes: -ɛləm

Noun

flagellum (plural flagella or flagellums or flagellae)

  1. (biology) In protists, a long, whiplike membrane-enclosed organelle used for locomotion or feeding.
  2. (biology) In bacteria, a long, whiplike proteinaceous appendage, used for locomotion.
  3. A whip

Synonyms

  • (organelle of protists): cilium
  • (whip): whip

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin flagellum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flaːˈɣɛ.lʏm/
  • Hyphenation: fla‧gel‧lum

Noun

flagellum m (plural flagella)

  1. flagellum
    Synonyms: flagel, zweepdraad, zweephaar, zweepstaart

Latin

Etymology

From flagrum (scourge, whip) +‎ -ellum.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /flaˈɡel.lum/, [fɫ̪äˈɡɛlːʲʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /flaˈd͡ʒel.lum/, [flɑˈd͡ʒɛlːum]

Noun

flagellum n (genitive flagellī); second declension

  1. whip, lash, scourge
  2. whip for driving animals (riding horses, cattle etc.)
  3. tentacle
  4. young branch, shoot

Declension

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Related terms

  • flagellō
  • flagrum

Synonyms

  • scutica
  • lorum
  • verber

Descendants

References

  • flagellum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • flagellum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • flagellum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • flagellum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


English

Etymology

From Old French escorgier (to whip), from Vulgar Latin excorrigiare, consisting of ex- (thoroughly) + corrigia (thong, whip).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /skɜːdʒ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /skɝdʒ/
    • (US, also) IPA(key): /skɔɹdʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)dʒ

Noun

scourge (plural scourges)

  1. A source of persistent trouble such as pestilence that causes pain and suffering or widespread destruction.
  2. A means to inflict such pain or destruction.
  3. A whip, often of leather.

Translations

Verb

scourge (third-person singular simple present scourges, present participle scourging, simple past and past participle scourged)

  1. To strike with a scourge; to flog.
Synonyms
  • (to whip or scourge): Thesaurus:whip

Translations

See also

  • Scourge in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “scourge”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • scrouge

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