flail vs lam what difference

what is difference between flail and lam

English

Etymology

From Middle English flaile, flayle, from earlier fleil, fleyl, fleȝȝl, from Old English fligel, *flegel (flail), from Proto-Germanic *flagilaz (flail, whip), of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to Old French fil and Latin fīlum (“a fine thread or wire, a filament”, i.e. a defiling instrument for the thrashing of a wire). Cognate with Scots flail (a thresher’s flail), West Frisian fleil, flaaiel (flail), Dutch vlegel (flail), Low German vlegel (flail), German Flegel (flail). Possibly a native Germanic word from Proto-Germanic *flag-, *flah- (to whip, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂k- (to beat, hit, strike; weep); compare Lithuanian plàkti (to whip, lash, flog), Ancient Greek πληγνύναι (plēgnúnai, strike, hit, encounter), Latin plangō (lament”, i.e. “beat one’s breast) + Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (instrumental suffix); or a borrowing of Latin flagellum, diminutive of flagrum (scourge, whip), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰlag-, *bʰlaǵ- (to beat); compare Old Norse blekkja (to beat, mistreat). Compare also Old French flael (flail), Walloon flayea (flail) (locally pronounced “flai”), Italian flagello (scourge, whip, plague).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fleɪl/
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Noun

flail (plural flails)

  1. A tool used for threshing, consisting of a long handle with a shorter stick attached with a short piece of chain, thong or similar material.
  2. A weapon which has the (usually spherical) striking part attached to the handle with a flexible joint such as a chain.

Synonyms

  • threshel, thrashel

Quotations

  • 1631, John Milton, L’Allegro
    When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,
    His shadowy flail hath threshed the corn
    That ten day-labourers could not end;
  • 1816, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan
    Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail,
    Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher’s flail
  • 1842, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Slave in the Dismal Swamp
    On him alone the curse of Cain
    Fell, like a flail on the garnered grain,
    And struck him to the earth!
  • 1879, Henry George, Progress and Poverty, ch V
    If the farmer must use the spade because he has not capital enough for a plough, the sickle instead of the reaping machine, the flail instead of the thresher…

Translations

Coordinate terms

  • (weapon): nunchaku

Verb

flail (third-person singular simple present flails, present participle flailing, simple past and past participle flailed)

  1. (transitive) To beat using a flail or similar implement.
  2. (transitive) To wave or swing vigorously
    Synonym: thrash
    • 1937, H. P. Lovecraft, The Evil Clergyman
      He stopped in his tracks – then, flailing his arms wildly in the air, began to stagger backwards.
  3. (transitive) To thresh.
  4. (intransitive) To move like a flail.

Translations

See also

  • flail on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Flail in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Anagrams

  • Filla, alfil


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /læm/
  • Rhymes: -æm

Etymology 1

From Middle English lamen, lemen, from Old English lemian and Old Norse lemja; both from Proto-Germanic *lamjaną.

Alternative forms

  • lamm

Verb

lam (third-person singular simple present lams, present participle lamming, simple past and past participle lammed)

  1. (transitive) To beat or thrash.
    • 1930, Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston, Mule Bone, Act II, Scene 2, in The Collected Works of Langston Hughes, Volume 5: The Plays to 1942: Mulatto to The Sun Do Move, edited by Leslie Catherine Sanders, Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2002, p. 102,
      An’ fo’ I knowed it, he done picked up that bone an’ lammed me ovah de head wid it.
    • 1953, C. S. Lewis, The Silver Chair, Collins, 1998, Chapter ,
      They lammed each other on the head with great, clumsy stone hammers; but their skulls were so hard that the hammers bounced off again []
  2. (intransitive, dated, slang) To flee or run away.
    • 1947, Bill Finger, World’s Finest Comics #30, “The Penny Plunderers!”, p. 4:
      [Gangster running away:] Batman and Robin! Let’s lam!

Translations

Derived terms

  • lambaste
  • lam into
  • lam out
  • on the lam
  • take it on the lam

Etymology 2

From Arabic لَام(lām), the name of the letter ل(l).

Noun

lam (plural lams)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Arabic alphabet, ل(l). It is preceded by ك(k) and followed by م(m).

Anagrams

  • ALM, AML, M.L.A., MLA, Mal, Mal., alm, mal, mal-

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch lam.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lam/

Noun

lam (plural lammers)

  1. lamb

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse lami.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lam/, [lɑmˀ]

Adjective

lam

  1. lame
Inflection

Derived terms

  • lam i roen

Etymology 2

From Old Norse lamb.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lam/, [lɑmˀ]

Noun

lam n (singular definite lammet, plural indefinite lam)

  1. lamb
Inflection
Derived terms
  • påskelam (Passover lamb, Paschal Lamb)

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɑm/
  • Hyphenation: lam
  • Rhymes: -ɑm

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch lam, from Old Dutch *lamb, from Proto-West Germanic *lamb.

Noun

lam n (plural lammeren, diminutive lammetje n)

  1. lamb, the young of a sheep
  2. (metonymically) The meat – or fleece/wool produce of a lamb; a dish prepared from lamb’s meat
  3. (figuratively) A gentle person, especially an innocent child
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Negerhollands: lam, lamtje
  • Papiamentu: lamchi, lammetsje

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch lam, from Old Dutch *lam, from Proto-West Germanic *lam, from Proto-Germanic *lamaz.

Adjective

lam (comparative lammer, superlative lamst)

  1. lame, unable to move, paralyzed
  2. (informal) very drunk
Inflection
Derived terms
  • lamstraal m
  • lamme m
  • verlammen
  • vleugellam
Descendants
  • Negerhollands: lam
  • Papiamentu: lam

Anagrams

  • mal

Hausa

Etymology

From Arabic لَام(lām).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lám/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [láŋ]

Noun

lam f

  1. lam (letter of the Arabic alphabet)

Limilngan

Noun

lam

  1. frilled-neck lizard

References

  • Mark Harvey, A Grammar of Limilngan: A Language of the Mary River Region, Northern Territory, Australia (2001)

Middle Dutch

Etymology 1

From Old Dutch *lamb, from Proto-Germanic *lambaz.

Noun

lam n

  1. lamb
Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms
  • lamp
Descendants
  • Dutch: lam
  • Limburgish: lamb

Etymology 2

From Old Dutch *lam, from Proto-Germanic *lamaz.

Adjective

lam

  1. lame
  2. weak, strengthless
Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms
  • lāem
Descendants
  • Dutch: lam
  • Limburgish: laam

Further reading

  • “lam”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • “lamb”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “lam (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “lam (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page II

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse lami

Adjective

lam (neuter singular lamt, definite singular and plural lamme)

  1. paralysed / paralyzed, crippled
Related terms
  • lamme (verb)

Etymology 2

From Old Norse lamb

Noun

lam n (definite singular lammet, indefinite plural lam, definite plural lamma or lammene)

  1. a lamb (young sheep)
Derived terms
  • lammekjøtt
  • påskelam (Passover lamb, Paschal Lamb)

Etymology 3

Verb

lam

  1. imperative of lamme

References

  • “lam” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse lami

Adjective

lam (neuter singular lamt, definite singular and plural lamme)

  1. paralysed; crippled

Etymology 2

From Old Norse lamb.

Noun

lam n (definite singular lammet, indefinite plural lam, definite plural lamma)

  1. a lamb (young sheep)
  2. (by extension, Christianity, figuratively) Christ as sacrificial lamb
Derived terms
  • lammekjøt, lammekjøtt
  • påskelam (Passover lamb, Paschal Lamb)

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

lam

  1. imperative of lamma and lamme (to lamb)
  2. imperative of lamma and lamme (to paralyze)

References

  • “lam” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *laimą.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɑːm/

Noun

lām n

  1. clay, loam

Descendants

  • English: loam

Old High German

Etymology

Common Proto-Germanic *lamaz, whence also Old English lama, Old Norse lami.

Adjective

lam

  1. lame

Descendants

  • Middle High German: lam
    • Alemannic German: lamm
    • German: lahm
    • Hunsrik: laam

Polish

Noun

lam

  1. genitive plural of lama

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [lam]

Verb

lam

  1. first-person singular imperfect indicative of la
  2. first-person plural imperfect indicative of la

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish lamber, from Old Norse lami, from Proto-Germanic *lamaz.

Adjective

lam (comparative lamare, superlative lamast)

  1. lame, unable to move any limbs
  2. (slang) lame, inefficient, imperfect, almost ridiculously so

Declension

See also

  • förlamad
  • lamslagen

Anagrams

  • LMA, alm, mal

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English lamp.

Noun

lam

  1. lamp

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [laːm˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [laːm˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [laːm˧˧]

Etymology 1

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Adjective

lam

  1. blue
Usage notes
  • The word is not used very often. The most common use of it is to refer to one of the seven colors of a rainbow, as in the listing “đỏ, cam, vàng, lục, lam, chàm, tím“.

Derived terms

See also

Etymology 2

Noun

lam • (????)

  1. (architecture) louvers, blinds, shutters
    Synonym: cửa chớp

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from German Arm and English arm.

Noun

lam (nominative plural lams)

  1. arm
  2. blade
  3. sharp blade

Declension


Welsh

Noun

lam

  1. Soft mutation of llam.

Mutation


Yámana

Noun

lam

  1. sun

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