flash vs wink what difference

what is difference between flash and wink

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: flăsh, IPA(key): /flæʃ/
  • Rhymes: -æʃ

Etymology 1

In some senses, from Middle English flasshen, a variant of flasken, flaskien (to sprinkle, splash), which was likely of imitative origin; in other senses probably of North Germanic origin akin to Swedish dialectal flasa (to burn brightly, blaze), related to flare. Compare also Icelandic flasa (to rush, go hastily).

Verb

flash (third-person singular simple present flashes, present participle flashing, simple past and past participle flashed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to shine briefly or intermittently.
  2. (intransitive) To blink; to shine or illuminate intermittently.
  3. (intransitive) To be visible briefly.
  4. (transitive) To make visible briefly.
  5. (transitive, intransitive, informal) To briefly, and often unintentionally, expose one’s naked body or underwear, or part of it, in public. (Contrast streak.)
  6. (transitive, informal) To show or expose an “inappropriate” part of the body to someone for humorous reasons or as an act of contempt.
  7. (figuratively) To break forth like a sudden flood of light; to show a momentary brilliance.
  8. To flaunt; to display in a showy manner.
  9. To communicate quickly.
  10. To move, or cause to move, suddenly.
  11. (transitive) To telephone a person, only allowing the phone to ring once, in order to request a call back.
  12. (intransitive, of liquid) To evaporate suddenly. (See flash evaporation.)
  13. (transitive, climbing) To climb (a route) successfully on the first attempt.
  14. (transitive, computing) To write to the memory of (an updatable component such as a BIOS chip or games cartridge).
  15. (transitive, glassmaking) To cover with a thin layer, as objects of glass with glass of a different colour.
  16. (transitive, glassmaking) To expand (blown glass) into a disc.
  17. (transitive) To send by some startling or sudden means.
  18. (intransitive) To burst out into violence.
  19. (juggling) To perform a flash.
  20. (metallurgy) To release the pressure from a pressurized vessel.
  21. (transitive, obsolete) To trick up in a showy manner.
  22. (transitive, obsolete) To strike and throw up large bodies of water from the surface; to splash.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. Disposed into Twelue Books, Fashioning XII. Morall Vertues, London: Printed for W[illiam] Ponsonbie, OCLC 18024649, book II, canto VI, stanza XLII; republished as The Faerie Queene. By Edmund Spenser. With an Exact Collation of the Two Original Editions, Published by Himself at London in Quarto; the Former Containing the First Three Books Printed in 1590, and the Latter the Six Books in 1596. To which are Now Added, a New Life of the Author, and also a Glossary. Adorn’d with Thirty-two Copper-Plates, from the Original Drawings of the late W. Kent, Esq.; Architect and Principal Painter to His Majesty, volume I, London: Printed for J. Brindley, in New Bond-Street, and S. Wright, Clerk of His Majesty’s Works, at Hampton-Court, 1751, OCLC 642577152, page 316:
      The varlet ſaw, when to the flood he came, / How without ſtop or ſtay he fiercely lept, / And deep himſelfe beducked in the ſame, / That in the lake his loftie creſt was ſteept, / Ne of his ſafetie ſeemed care he kept, / But with his raging armes he rudely flaſhd / The waves about, and all his armour ſwept, / That all the bloud and filth away was waſht, / Yet ſtill he bet the water, and the billows daſht.
Synonyms
  • (to briefly illuminate): glint
  • (telephoning): beep
Derived terms
Related terms
  • flush (possibly)
Translations
See also
  • gleam
  • (to expose one’s naked body or underwear): wardrobe malfunction

Noun

flash (plural flashes)

  1. A sudden, short, temporary burst of light.
  2. A very short amount of time.
  3. (colloquial, US) A flashlight; an electric torch.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, New York, N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, OCLC 747046957; republished London: Penguin Books, 2011, ISBN 978-0-241-95628-1, page 34:
      I reached a flash out of my car pocket and went down-grade and looked at the car.
  4. (figuratively) A sudden and brilliant burst, as of genius or wit.
  5. Material left around the edge of a moulded part at the parting line of the mould.
  6. (Britain, Cockney) The strips of bright cloth or buttons worn around the collars of market traders.
  7. (juggling) A pattern where each prop is thrown and caught only once.
  8. (linguistics) A language, created by a minority to maintain cultural identity, that cannot be understood by the ruling class.
  9. (photography) Clipping of camera flash (a device used to produce a flash of artificial light to help illuminate a scene).
  10. (archaic) A preparation of capsicum, burnt sugar, etc., for colouring liquor to make it look stronger.
  11. (military) A form of military insignia.
  12. (computing, uncountable) Clipping of flash memory.
  13. Any of various lycaenid butterflies of the genera Artipe, Deudorix and Rapala.
  14. A tattoo flash.
  15. The sudden sensation of being “high” after taking a recreational drug.
    • 1973, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency, Proper and Improper Use of Drugs by Athletes: Hearings (page 645)
      A few seconds following the injection, the user experiences a sudden, intense generalized sensation which has both physiological and psychological characteristics. [] pure, commercially produced products do not give a good flash []
    • 1976, Robert H. Coombs, Lincoln J. Fry, Patricia G. Lewis, Socialization in Drug Abuse (page 123)
      The flash — the odd combination of a cocoon-comfort and an inexplicable physical ascendency to a “high” — provides the major incentive for the new experimenter to move to the next phase of his career.
  16. (dated) A newsflash.
    • 1931, George Seldes, Can These Things Be! (volume 25, page 274)
      The United Press got the flash “Germans declare martial law in Ruhr” []
Synonyms
  • (burst of light): gleam, glint
  • (material left around the edge of a mould): moulding flash, molding flash
Antonyms
  • (very short amount of time): aeon
Hypernyms
  • (burst of light): light
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • glimmer
  • shimmer
  • sparkle
  • twinkle

Adjective

flash (comparative more flash, superlative most flash)

  1. (Britain and New Zealand, slang) Expensive-looking and demanding attention; stylish; showy.
    • 1892, Banjo Paterson, The Man from Ironbark
      The barber man was small and flash, as barbers mostly are,
      He wore a strike-your-fancy sash, he smoked a huge cigar;
  2. (Britain, of a person) Having plenty of ready money.
  3. (Britain, of a person) Liable to show off expensive possessions or money.
    • 1990, House of Cards, Season 1, Episode 1:
      Bit of a flash git, don’t you think?
  4. (US, slang) Occurring very rapidly, almost instantaneously.
  5. (slang, obsolete) Relating to thieves and vagabonds.
Translations

References

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “flash”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • For the sense ‘a short period of time’, the 1858 Notes and Queries of Martim de Albuquerque was consulted. From page 437 of the sixth volume of the second series, published in London by Bell & Dally, 186 Fleet Street, in 1858 :
    Ought we not to collect for posterity the various ways in which very short times are denoted. Besides the one at the head, there are, — in no time, in next to no time, in less than no time, in a trice, in a jiffy, in a brace of shakes, before you can say Jack Robinson, in a crack, in the squeezing of a lemon, in the doubling of your fist, in the twinkling of an eye, in a moment, in an instant, in a flash.

Etymology 2

From Middle English flasche, flaske; compare Old French flache, French flaque, which is of Germanic origin, akin to Middle Dutch vlacke (an estuary, flats with stagnant pools).

Noun

flash (plural flashes)

  1. A pool.
    • a. 1646, Jeremiah Burroughs, The Excellency of Holy Courage in Evil Times
      their hearts lie lumpish as a Log that lies in a flash of water seven years together
  2. (engineering) A reservoir and sluiceway beside a navigable stream, just above a shoal, so that the stream may pour in water as boats pass, and thus bear them over the shoal.
Derived terms
  • flash wheel

Further reading

  • flash on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • halfs

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English flash.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flaʃ/

Noun

flash m (plural flashs)

  1. flash (burst of light)
  2. (photography) flash
  3. newsflash
  4. (juggling) flash

Derived terms

  • flasher

Further reading

  • “flash” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English flash.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈflaʃ/, [ˈflaʃ]

Noun

flash m (plural flashes)

  1. (photography) flash


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈwɪŋk/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋk

Etymology 1

From Middle English winken (strong verb) and Middle English winken (weak verb), from Old English *wincan (strong verb) and wincian (to wink, make a sign, close the eyes, blink, weak verb), from Proto-Germanic *winkaną (to move side to side, sway), *winkōn (to close one’s eyes), from Proto-Indo-European *weng- (to bow, bend, arch, curve). Cognate with Middle Low German winken (to blink, wink), German winken (to nod, beckon, make a sign). Related also to Saterland Frisian wäänke, Dutch wenken (to beckon, motion), Latin vacillare (sway), Lithuanian véngti (to swerve, avoid), Albanian vang (tire, felloe), Sanskrit वञ्चति (vañcati, he swaggers).

Verb

wink (third-person singular simple present winks, present participle winking, simple past and past participle winked)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To close one’s eyes in sleep.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 43:
      When most I wink, then do mine eyes best see,
      For all the day they view things unrespected;
      But when I sleep, in dreams they look on thee,
      And darkly bright are bright in dark directed.
  2. (intransitive) To close one’s eyes.
    • 1593, William Shakespeare, Venus and Adonis:
      Art thou ashamed to kiss? then wink again,
      And I will wink; so shall the day seem night []
    • 1816, Walter Scott, The Black Dwarf, Chapter the Fifth:
      I kept my eyes shut, after once glancing at him; and, I protest, I thought I saw him still, though I winked as close as ever I could.
  3. (intransitive) Usually followed by at: to look the other way, to turn a blind eye.
    Synonyms: (obsolete) connive, shut one’s eyes
    • 1663, John Tillotson, The Wisdom of being Religious
      Therefore the scripture represents wicked men as without understanding [] they are not blind; but they wink; [] though they know God, yet they do not glorify him as God []
    • 1693, John Locke, Some Thoughts Concerning Education, § 79:
      But whenever obstinacy, which is an open defiance, appears, that cannot be winked at, or neglected, but must, in the first instance, be subdued and mastered; only care must be had, that we mistake not ; and we must be sure it is obstinacy, and nothing else.
  4. (intransitive) To close one’s eyes quickly and involuntarily; to blink.
    • 1861 George, Silas Marner, Chapter VI:
      The pipes began to be puffed in a silence which had an air of severity; the more important customers, who drank spirits and sat nearest the fire, staring at each other as if a bet were depending on the first man who ‘’’winked’’’ []
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To blink with only one eye as a message, signal, or suggestion, usually with an implication of conspiracy. (When transitive, the object may be the eye being winked, or the message being conveyed.)
    • 1912, Edwin L. Sabin, With Carson and Frémont, Chapter VIII:
      Oliver saw Kit Carson wink at the lieutenant and Lucien Maxwell, as the speech reached them, and it was evident that these three leaders did not believe the Indian tales. Consequently he himself decided that the reports of “evil spirits” awaiting were all bosh.
  6. (intransitive) To gleam fitfully or intermitently; to twinkle; to flicker.
    • 1899, Will T. Whitlock, “The Circumflex,” Overland Monthly, Vol. XXXIII, second series:
      Down in the bottoms the sycamore and cottonwood are casting off their yellowing leaves; but the white oak will cling to her gorgeous finery till the blizzard comes shrieking up the gulch to wrest it from her, or until the winking prairie-fire leaps among her branches, and mounting upward to the highest limbs, finally leaves the vain beauty a blackened skeleton.
    • 1920, Katherine Mansfield, Letter to Richard Murray (ca. September 19), Vincent O. Sullivan & Margaret Scott, The Collected Letters of Katherine Mansfield, Vol. 4 (1996):
      Her kitchen is a series of Still Lives; the copper pans wink on the walls.
Synonyms
  • nictitate
Translations

Noun

wink (plural winks)

  1. An act of winking (a blinking of only one eye), or a message sent by winking.
  2. A brief period of sleep; especially forty winks.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 25
      I couldn’t bear to leave him where he is. I shouldn’t sleep a wink for thinking of him.
  3. A brief time; an instant.
  4. The smallest possible amount.
    • 1899, Jack London, “The Men of Forty-Nine: ‘Malemute Kid” Deals with a Duel,” Overland Monthly, Vol. XXXIII, second series:
      It’s many’s the time I shot the selfsame rifiie before, and it’s many ’s the time after, but niver a wink of the same have I seen. ‘T was the sight of a lifetime.
  5. A subtle allusion.
Derived terms
  • nudge nudge wink wink
  • wink murder
Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

wink (plural winks)

  1. A disc used in the game of tiddlywinks.

Etymology 3

Clipping of periwinkle.

Noun

wink (plural winks)

  1. (Chiefly British) Periwinkle.

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɪŋk/

Verb

wink

  1. singular imperative of winken
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of winken

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