flat vs matt what difference

what is difference between flat and matt

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: flăt, IPA(key): /flæt/
  • Rhymes: -æt

Etymology 1

From Middle English flat, a borrowing from Old Norse flatr (compare Norwegian and Swedish flat, Danish flad), from Proto-Germanic *flataz, from Proto-Indo-European *pleth₂- (flat); akin to Saterland Frisian flot (smooth), German Flöz (a geological layer), Ancient Greek πλατύς (platús), Latvian plats, Sanskrit प्रथस् (prathas, extension). Doublet of plat and pleyt.

The noun is from Middle English flat (level piece of ground, flat edge of a weapon), from the adjective.

Alternative forms

  • flatt, flatte (both obsolete)

Adjective

flat (comparative flatter, superlative flattest)

  1. Having no variations in height.
    1. In a horizontal line or plane; not sloping.
      a flat roof
    2. Smooth; having no protrusions, indentations or other surface irregularities, or relatively so.
      The surface of the mirror must be completely flat.
      The carpet isn’t properly flat in that corner.
      She has quite a flat face.
    3. (slang) Having small or invisible breasts and/or buttocks.
  2. Without variation in level, quantity, value, tone etc.
    The exchange rate has been flat for several weeks.
    1. At a consistently depressed level; consistently lacklustre.
      Sales have been flat all year, and we’ve barely broken even.
    2. (not comparable, commerce) Of fees, fares etc., fixed; unvarying.
    3. (music, voice) Without variations in pitch.
      He delivered the speech in a flat tone.
    4. (of colours) Without variation in tone or hue; uniform.
      The walls were painted a flat gray.
  3. (figuratively) Lacking liveliness or action; depressed; uninteresting; dull and boring.
    • February 16, 1833, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Table Talk
      A large part of the work is, to me, very flat.
    1. (authorship, figuratively, especially of a character) Lacking in depth, substance, or believability; underdeveloped; one-dimensional.
      Antonym: round
  4. (music, note) Lowered by one semitone.
  5. (music) Of a note or voice, lower in pitch than it should be.
  6. Absolute; downright; peremptory.
    • c. 1598, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act IV, Scene 2,[2]
      SECOND WATCH. Marry, that he had received a thousand ducats of Don John for accusing the Lady Hero wrongfully.
      DOGBERRY. Flat burglary as ever was committed
    • 1602, John Marston, Antonio and Mellida, Malone Society Reprint, 1921, Act I, lines 324-326,[3]
      He is made like a tilting staffe; and lookes
      For all the world like an ore-rosted pigge:
      A great Tobacco taker too, thats flat.
  7. (of a tire or other inflated object) Deflated, especially because of a puncture.
  8. (of a carbonated drink) With all or most of its carbon dioxide having come out of solution so that the drink no longer fizzes or contains any bubbles.
  9. (wine) Lacking acidity without being sweet.
  10. (of a battery) Unable to emit power; dead.
  11. (juggling, of a throw) Without spin; spinless.
  12. (phonetics, dated, of a consonant) sonant; vocal, as distinguished from a sharp (non-sonant) consonant
  13. (grammar) Not having an inflectional ending or sign, such as a noun used as an adjective, or an adjective as an adverb, without the addition of a formative suffix; or an infinitive without the sign “to”.
  14. (golf, of a golf club) Having a head at a very obtuse angle to the shaft.
  15. (horticulture, of certain fruits) Flattening at the ends.
  16. (of measurements of time) Exact.
    He finished the race in a flat four minutes.
Synonyms
  • (having no variations in altitude): even, planar, plane, smooth, uniform
  • (without variations in pitch): monotone
  • (uninteresting): boring, dull, uninteresting; see also Thesaurus:boring
  • (deflated): deflated, punctured
  • (of a carbonated drink: no longer fizzes): still, unfizzy; see also Thesaurus:noneffervescent
  • (of wine: lacking acidity): flabby
Antonyms
  • (having no variations in altitude): bumpy, cratered, hilly (of terrain), rough (of a surface), wrinkled (of a surface)
  • (music: lowered by one semitone): sharp
  • (music: lower in pitch than it should be): sharp
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Adverb

flat (comparative more flat, superlative most flat)

  1. So as to be flat.
  2. Bluntly.
  3. (of accurately measured timings) Exactly, precisely.
    In the mile race, Smith’s time was 3:58.56, and Brown’s was four minutes flat.
  4. (with units of time, distance, etc) Used to emphasize the smallness of the measurement.
  5. Completely.
  6. Directly; flatly.
    • Sin is flat opposite to the Almighty.
  7. (finance, slang) Without allowance for accrued interest.
    The bonds are trading flat.
Synonyms
  • (so as to be flat):
  • (bluntly): bluntly, curtly
  • (not exceeding): tops
  • (completely): absolutely, completely, utterly
Translations

Noun

flat (plural flats)

  1. An area of level ground.
    The hovercraft skimmed across the open flats.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Envy
      Envy is as the sunbeams that beat hotter upon a bank, or steep rising ground, than upon a flat.
    1. (in the phrase ‘the flat’) Level ground in general.
      I can run on the flat but not up hills.
      The going will be easier once we’re through these mountains and onto the flat.
    2. (horse racing, with ‘the’ or attributively, sometimes with capital) Level horse-racing ground, as contrasted with courses incorporating jumps, or the racing done on such ground.
      This horse will do better over the flat.
      flat racing, the flat season
      • 2020, Brian Sheerin, Racing Post, “Gordon Elliott maps out summer Flat campaigns for talented jumpers” (article) [4]
        In light of Horse Racing Ireland’s Covid-19 contingency plan announcement, that whenever racing resumes the Flat will be given priority, Elliott has decided to keep a number of talented jumpers on the go during the summer, with a view towards a dual-purpose campaign.
      • 2021 (retrieved), racing365.com, “Flat Racing Explained” [5]
        In British horse racing, the classics are a series of horse races run over the flat (i.e. without jumps).
  2. (music) A note played a semitone lower than a natural, denoted by the symbol ♭ placed after the letter representing the note (e.g., B♭) or in front of the note symbol (e.g. ♭♪).
    The key of E♭ has three flats.
  3. (informal, automotive) A flat tyre/tire.
    • 2012, July 15. Richard Williams in Guardian Unlimited, Tour de France 2012: Carpet tacks cannot force Bradley Wiggins off track
      The next one surrendered his bike, only for that, too, to give him a second flat as he started the descent.
  4. (in the plural) A type of ladies’ shoe with a very low heel.
  5. (in the plural) A type of flat-soled running shoe without spikes.
  6. (painting) A thin, broad brush used in oil and watercolour painting.
  7. The flat part of something:
    1. (swordfighting) The flat side of a blade, as opposed to the sharp edge.
    2. The palm of the hand, with the adjacent part of the fingers.
  8. A wide, shallow container or pallet.
  9. (mail) A large mail piece measuring at least 8 1/2 by 11 inches, such as catalogs, magazines, and unfolded paper enclosed in large envelopes.
  10. (rail transport, US) A railroad car without a roof, and whose body is a platform without sides; a platform car or flatcar.
  11. A flat-bottomed boat, without keel, and of small draught.
  12. (geometry) A subset of n-dimensional space that is congruent to a Euclidean space of lower dimension.
  13. A straw hat, broad-brimmed and low-crowned.
  14. A flat sheet for use on a bed.
    • 1986, New York Magazine (volume 19, number 49, page 20)
      You might think that Americans buy roughly the same number of fitted sheets as flats. Or, considering the market for electric blankets, duvets, and other covers, that consumers buy even more bottom sheets, simply forgoing the tops.
  15. (publishing) A flat, glossy children’s book with few pages.
    • 1970, The Publishers Weekly (volume 197, page 85)
      This same publisher notes pricing is a crucial factor in the mass market field of $1, $1.95 and $2.95 “flats.”
  16. A platform on a wheel, upon which emblematic designs etc. are carried in processions.
  17. (mining) A horizontal vein or ore deposit auxiliary to a main vein; also, any horizontal portion of a vein not elsewhere horizontal.
  18. (technical, theatre) A rectangular wooden structure covered with masonite, lauan, or muslin that depicts a building or other part of a scene, also called backcloth and backdrop.
  19. (entomology) Any of various hesperiid butterflies that spread their wings open when they land.
  20. (historical) An early kind of toy soldier having a flat design.
    • 2019, Luigi Toiati, The History of Toy Soldiers (page 78)
      Among the many US museums hosting flats, we may mention the Toy Soldier Museum in the Pocono Mountains, supervised by the historian, collector and dealer J. Hillestad.
  21. (obsolete) A dull fellow; a simpleton.
    • 1836, Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., “The Music-Grinders”:
      … if you cannot make a speech,
      Because you are a flat,
      Go very quietly and drop
      A button in the hat!
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter 14:
      “He fancies he can play at billiards,” said he. “I won two hundred of him at the Cocoa-Tree. HE play, the young flat! …”
  22. Short for flat ride (spinning amusement ride).
Antonyms
  • (note): sharp
  • (shoes): high heels
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

flat (third-person singular simple present flats, present participle flatting, simple past and past participle flatted)

  1. (poker slang) To make a flat call; to call without raising.
  2. (intransitive) To become flat or flattened; to sink or fall to an even surface.
  3. (intransitive, music, colloquial) To fall from the pitch.
  4. (transitive, music) To depress in tone, as a musical note; especially, to lower in pitch by half a tone.
  5. (transitive, dated) To make flat; to flatten; to level.
    • 1764, James Granger, M.D., The Sugar-Cane: a Poem. In Four Books. With Notes. Book 1, page 44, note to verse 605.
  6. (transitive, dated) To render dull, insipid, or spiritless; to depress.
    • a. 1677, Isaac Barrow, The Danger and Mischief of Delaying Repentance (sermon)
      Passions are allayed, appetites are flatted.

Etymology 2

From 1795, alteration of Scots flet (inner part of a house), from Middle English flet (dwelling), from Old English flet, flett (ground floor, dwelling), from Proto-Germanic *flatją (floor), from Proto-Germanic *flataz (flat), from Proto-Indo-European *pleth₂- (flat). Akin to Old Frisian flet, flette (dwelling, house). More at flet, flat1.

Noun

flat (plural flats)

  1. (chiefly Britain, New England, New Zealand and Australia, archaic elsewhere) An apartment, usually on one level and usually consisting of more than one room.
    • 1905, Sydney Perks, Residential flats of all classes, including artisans’ dwellings: a practical treatise on their planning and arrangement, together with chapters on their history, financial matters, etc.,with numerous illustrations, page 204,
      The excellence of French flats is so well known in America, that the owner will often refer to his property as “first class French flats.”
    • 1983, Tai Ching Ling, Relocation and Population Planning: A Study of the Implications of Public Housing and Family Planning in Singapore, Wilfredo F. Arce, Gabriel C. Alvarez (editors), Population Change in Southeast Asia, page 184,
      Fifteen percent of this group said that they were not satisfied with the public housing estates and their HDB[Singapore Housing & Development Board] flats (see Tables 11 and 12 respectively).
    • 2002, MIchael Ottley, Briefcase on Company Law, page 76,
      The Greater London Council formed the Estmanco company to manage a block of 60 council-owned flats. The council entered into an agreement with the company to sell off the flats to owner-occupiers.
    • 2014, Terry Gourvish, Dolphin Square: The History of a Unique Building, page 75,
      When the Dolphin Square’s flats were first offered to the public in 1936, the South Block was still under construction, and the North Block was a building site.
Synonyms
  • (apartment): apartment
Derived terms
  • block of flats
  • coldwater flat
  • flatlet
  • flatmate
  • flatter
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English flatten, from Old French flatir (to knock or strike down, dash), from Frankish *flattjan (to move the palm of the hand), from Proto-Germanic *flatjaną (to make flat, flatten).

Verb

flat (third-person singular simple present flats, present participle flatting, simple past and past participle flatted)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To beat or strike; pound
  2. (transitive) To dash or throw
  3. (intransitive) To dash, rush
Derived terms
  • flatter (hammer)

References

Anagrams

  • falt

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English flat.

Pronunciation

  • (Netherlands) IPA(key): /ˈflɛt/
  • (Belgium) IPA(key): /ˈflɑt/
  • (Hollandic)
  • Hyphenation: flat
  • Rhymes: -ɛt

Noun

flat m (plural flats, diminutive flatje n)

  1. flat, apartment
  2. tower block

Derived terms

  • galerijflat
  • flatgebouw
  • torenflat

Latin

Verb

flat

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of flō

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse flatr

Adjective

flat (neuter singular flatt, definite singular and plural flate, comparative flatere, indefinite superlative flatest, definite superlative flateste)

  1. flat

Derived terms

  • flatbrystet

References

  • “flat” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse flatr

Adjective

flat (neuter singular flatt, definite singular and plural flate, comparative flatare, indefinite superlative flatast, definite superlative flataste)

  1. flat

References

  • “flat” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flɑːt/

Verb

flāt

  1. first/third-person singular preterite of flītan

Scottish Gaelic

Noun

flat m (genitive singular flat, plural flataichean)

  1. saucer
  2. flat, apartment

Mutation

Synonyms

  • (saucer): sàsar

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse flatr, from Proto-Germanic *flataz, from Proto-Indo-European *plat- (flat).

Adjective

flat (comparative flatare, superlative flatast)

  1. flat (having no variations in altitude)
    Solen reflekterades i spegelns flata yta.

    The sun was reflected in the flat surface of the mirror.
  2. spineless, being a doormat, abstaining from defending one’s convictions
    Han var alldeles för flat mot chefen, och fick inte heller någon löneökning.

    He let the manager walk all over him and did not get a raise.

Declension

Synonyms

  • (flat): platt
  • (spineless): eftergiven, mjäkig

Anagrams

  • -falt, falt


English

Adjective

matt (comparative more matt, superlative most matt)

  1. (chiefly British spelling) alternative spelling of matte

Noun

matt (plural matts)

  1. (film) Alternative spelling of matte (background, often painted or created with computers)
  2. Alternative spelling of mat (an alloy in coppersmithing)

Estonian

Noun

matt (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. checkmate (chess)

Declension

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading

  • matt in Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mat/
  • Rhymes: -at

Adjective

matt (comparative matter, superlative am mattesten)

  1. dull (not shiny)
  2. exhausted, weak, feeble (not lively, vigorous, energetic)
    • 1903, Fanny zu Reventlow, Ellen Olestjerne, in Franziska Gräfin zu Reventlow: Gesammelte Werke, Albert Langen, page 624:

Declension

See also

  • schachmatt
  • mattsetzen

Descendants

  • Polish: mat

Further reading

  • “matt” in Duden online

Livonian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *matadak.

Verb

matt

  1. (Salaca) creep

Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mɑt/
  • Rhymes: -ɑt
  • Homophone: Matt

Adjective

matt (masculine matten, neuter matt, comparative méi matt, superlative am mattsten)

  1. matte, dull, wan
  2. feeble, weary

Declension


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From French mat and German matt

Adjective

matt (neuter singular matt, definite singular and plural matte, comparative mattere, indefinite superlative mattest, definite superlative matteste)

  1. (colour) dull, matt
  2. weak, feeble, listless
  3. (chess) checkmated
  4. (glass) frosted

References

  • “matt” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From French mat and German matt

Adjective

matt (neuter singular matt, definite singular and plural matte, comparative mattare, indefinite superlative mattast, definite superlative mattaste)

  1. (colour) dull, matt
  2. weak, feeble, listless
  3. (chess) checkmated
  4. (glass) frosted

References

  • “matt” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German matt.

Adjective

matt

  1. weak, faint

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mat/

Adjective

matt (comparative mattare, superlative mattast)

  1. weak, listless
  2. (of colours) matte
  3. (chess) checkmate, in the phrase göra någon matt

Declension

Antonyms

  • (of colours): blank

Related terms

  • mattsvart
  • schack matt

See also

  • mätt
  • matta

Anagrams

  • tamt

Westrobothnian

Adverb

matt

  1. Alternative form of mått

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial