flood vs swamp what difference

what is difference between flood and swamp

English

Alternative forms

  • floud (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English flod, from Old English flōd, from Proto-West Germanic *flōdu, from Proto-Germanic *flōduz, from *plew- (to flow). Cognate with Scots flude, fluid, Saterland Frisian Floud, Dutch vloed, German Flut, Danish flod, Icelandic flóð, and Gothic ???????????????????????? (flōdus).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: flŭd, IPA(key): /flʌd/
  • Rhymes: -ʌd

Noun

flood (plural floods)

  1. A (usually disastrous) overflow of water from a lake or other body of water due to excessive rainfall or other input of water.
  2. (figuratively) A large number or quantity of anything appearing more rapidly than can easily be dealt with.
  3. The flowing in of the tide, opposed to the ebb.
  4. A floodlight.
  5. Menstrual discharge; menses.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Harvey to this entry?)
  6. (obsolete) Water as opposed to land.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
      Who beheld from the safe shore their floating carcasses and broken chariot-wheels. So thick bestrown, abject and lost, lay these, covering the flood, under amazement of their hideous change.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • deluge
  • diversion
  • inundation
  • torrent

Verb

flood (third-person singular simple present floods, present participle flooding, simple past and past participle flooded)

  1. To overflow, as by water from excessive rainfall.
  2. To cover or partly fill as if by a flood.
    The floor was flooded with beer.
    They flooded the room with sewage.
  3. (figuratively) To provide (someone or something) with a larger number or quantity of something than can easily be dealt with.
  4. (Internet, transitive, intransitive) To paste numerous lines of text to (a chat system) in order to disrupt the conversation.
    • 1998, “Dr. Cat”, Furry web site plug (on newsgroup alt.fan.furry)
      There’s also a spam filter in the code now, so if someone attempts to flood people’s screens with macros or a bot, everything after the first few lines is thrown away.
  5. To bleed profusely, as after childbirth.

Antonyms

  • (overflow): drain

Synonyms

  • (overflow): overfill
  • (cover): inundate
  • (provide with large number): inundate, swamp, deluge

Derived terms

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • of old

Middle English

Noun

flood

  1. Alternative form of flod

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English flood.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈflɐd͡ʒ/

Noun

flood m (plural floods)

  1. (Internet slang) a flood of superfluous text messages

Related terms

  • floodar


English

Alternative forms

  • swomp (obsolete)

Etymology

From a fusion of Middle English swam (swamp, muddy pool, bog, marsh”, also “fungus, mushroom), from Old English swamm (mushroom, fungus, sponge), and Middle English sompe (marsh, morass), from Middle Dutch somp, sump (marsh, swamp), or Middle Low German sump (marsh, swamp), from Old Saxon *sump (swamp, marsh); all from Proto-Germanic *sumpaz. Cognate with Dutch zwamp (swamp, marsh, fen), Middle Low German swamp (sponge, mushroom), Dutch zomp (swamp, lake, marshy place), German Low German Sump (swamp, bog,
marsh
), German Sumpf (swamp), Swedish sump (swamp). Related also to Dutch zwam (fungus, punk, tinder), German Schwamm (mushroom, fungus, sponge), Swedish svamp (mushroom, fungus, sponge), Icelandic svampur, sveppur (fungus), Gothic ???????????????????????? (swumsl, a ditch). Related to sump, swim.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /swɒmp/
  • (US) IPA(key): /swɑmp/
  • Rhymes: -ɒmp

Noun

swamp (plural swamps)

  1. A piece of wet, spongy land; low ground saturated with water; soft, wet ground which may have a growth of certain kinds of trees, but is unfit for agricultural or pastoral purposes.
  2. A type of wetland that stretches for vast distances, and is home to many creatures which have adapted specifically to that environment.
  3. (figuratively) A place or situation that is foul or where progress is difficult.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Sranan Tongo: swampu
  • Dutch: zwamp

Translations

See also

  • bog
  • marsh
  • moor

Verb

swamp (third-person singular simple present swamps, present participle swamping, simple past and past participle swamped)

  1. To drench or fill with water.
  2. To overwhelm; to make too busy, or overrun the capacity of.
    • 2006, New York Times,
      Mr. Spitzer’s defeat of his Democratic opponent … ended a primary season in which Hillary Rodham Clinton swamped an antiwar challenger for renomination to the Senate.
  3. (figuratively) To plunge into difficulties and perils; to overwhelm; to ruin; to wreck.
    • 1874, John Richard Green, A Short History of the English People
      The Whig majority of the house of Lords was swamped by the creation of twelve Tory peers.
    • c. 1835, William Hamilton, “Metaphysics and Moral Science”, in Edinburgh Review
      Having swamped himself in following the ignis fatuus of a theory []

Translations

Anagrams

  • wamps

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