florid vs ruddy what difference

what is difference between florid and ruddy



From French floride (flourishing), from Latin floridus (flowery, blooming).


  • IPA(key): /ˈflɒɹɪd/


florid (comparative more florid, superlative most florid)

  1. Having a rosy or pale red colour; ruddy.
  2. Elaborately ornate; flowery.
  3. (of a disorder, especially mental) In a blatant, vivid, or highly disorganized state.
    florid psychosis
    • 2019, Dave Eggers, The Parade, Vintage Books N.Y., p. 107
      His visions of their plans and his imminent detention were so florid that the reality, wherein he was unharmed and simply sitting in the cab of the RS-80 and continuing his slow work on the road, was far less plausible.
  4. (obsolete) Flourishing; in the bloom of health.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol I, ch. 35:
      Mean while Peregrine guessing the good fortune of his friend, and allured by the attractions of the maid, who was a cleanly florid girl, employed his address to such effectual purpose, that she yielded to his efforts; and he was as happy as such a conquest could make him.



  • Ilford



From Latin floridus.


  • IPA(key): [floˈʁiːt]
  • Hyphenation: flo‧rid


florid (comparative florider, superlative am floridesten)

  1. (of a disease) active, florid


Further reading

  • “florid” in Duden online



From Middle English ruddy, rody, rudi, from Old English rudiġ (reddish; ruddy), from rudu (redness), equivalent to rud (redness) +‎ -y. Compare Icelandic roði (redness).

The British slang sense expressing irritation is presumably a euphemism for bloody.


  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈɹʌdi/
  • Rhymes: -ʌdi


ruddy (comparative ruddier, superlative ruddiest)

  1. Reddish in color, especially of the face, fire, or sky.
  2. (Britain, Australia, slang, not comparable) A mild intensifier, expressing irritation.


  • (reddish in color): rosy
  • (intensifier): bally, bleeding, blimming, bloody, blooming
  • See also Thesaurus:damned

Derived terms

  • rudden (to become ruddy)



ruddy (not comparable)

  1. (Britain, slang) A mild intensifier, expressing irritation.


ruddy (plural ruddies)

  1. (informal) A ruddy duck.
  2. (informal) A ruddy ground dove.
    • 1987, Jürgen Nicolai, A Complete Introduction to Finches, Tfh Publications Incorporated (→ISBN), page 89:
      Ground doves — two ruddies are shown here — are so called because they feed on the ground.
    • 1994, Birding, page 298:
      Understandably, birders in the U.S. are advised to carefully distinguish Ruddies from the usually more-expected Common Ground-Doves […]. (Brightly-colored, pinkish adult male Common Ground-Doves have been misidentified as male Ruddies on several occasions, however.) Unless the fortunate birder happens upon a Ruddy Ground-Dove amongst a flock of sparrows, it will often be necessary to sort through innumerable Inca Doves.
    • 2005, Richard Cachor Taylor, A Birder’s Guide to Southeastern Arizona, page 237:
      Common Ground-Dove — Fairly common permanent resident of better-watered valleys at lower elevations. Avoids town […] Ironically, Ruddies often ignore the little flocks of closely related Commons, and choose to associate with Inca Doves.
    • 2008, Jim Burns, Jim Burns’ Arizona Birds: From the Backyard to the Backwoods, University of Arizona Press (→ISBN), page 28:
      Out-of-state birders seeking Ruddy Ground Doves should be aware of two things. Ruddies associate much more frequently with Inca Doves than with Common Ground Doves. In fact, in eleven personal sightings of this species in Arizona, I have never seen a Ruddy with a Common nor has anyone else I know. […] Perhaps this is a slow invasion, and forty years hence Ruddies will be so common …


ruddy (third-person singular simple present ruddies, present participle ruddying, simple past and past participle ruddied)

  1. (transitive) To make reddish in colour.

See also

  • (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)

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