fluctuation vs variation what difference

what is difference between fluctuation and variation

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin fluctuatiōnem, accusative singular of fluctuatiō, from fluctuō, from fluctus.
Morphologically fluctuate +‎ -ion

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flʌktʃuːˈeɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

fluctuation (countable and uncountable, plural fluctuations)

  1. A motion like that of waves; a moving in this and that direction.
    the fluctuations of the sea
  2. A wavering; unsteadiness.
    fluctuations of opinion
    fluctuations of prices
  3. In medicine, a wave-like motion or undulation of a fluid in a natural or abnormal cavity (e.g. pus in an abscess), which is felt during palpation or percussion.

Related terms

  • fluctuate

Translations


French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin fluctuatiōnem, accusative singular of fluctuatiō, from fluctuō, from fluctus.

Pronunciation

Noun

fluctuation f (plural fluctuations)

  1. fluctuation

Related terms

  • fluctuer

Further reading

  • “fluctuation” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Etymology

From Middle French variation, from Old French variacion, from Latin variātiō.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌvɛəɹɪˈeɪʃn̩/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌvɛəɹiˈeɪʃn̩/, /ˌvæɹiˈeɪʃn̩/, /ˌvɛɹiˈeɪʃn̩/
  • , (Marymarrymerry distinction)
  • Hyphenation: va‧ri‧a‧tion

Noun

variation (usually uncountable, plural variations)

  1. The act of varying; a partial change in the form, position, state, or qualities of a thing.
  2. A related but distinct thing.
  3. (nautical) The angular difference at the vessel between the direction of true north and magnetic north.
    Synonym: magnetic declination
  4. (board games) A line of play that differs from the original.
  5. (music) A technique where material is repeated with alterations to the melody, harmony, rhythm, timbre, texture, counterpoint or orchestration; but with some invariant characteristic, e.g. a ground bass.
  6. (genetics) The modification of a hereditary trait.
  7. (astronomy) Deviation from the mean orbit of a heavenly body.

Derived terms

  • magnetic variation
  • theme and variations

Related terms

  • vary
  • variant

Translations

References

  • US FM 55-501 MARINE CREWMAN’S HANDBOOK; 1 December 1999
  • variation in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • variation in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin variātiō. See also véraison.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /va.ʁja.sjɔ̃/

Noun

variation f (plural variations)

  1. variation

Derived terms

  • boîte de vitesses à variation continue

Related terms

  • varier

Further reading

  • “variation” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Swedish

Etymology

From French variation, attested from 1656.

Noun

variation c

  1. variation

Declension

Related terms

  • variant
  • variera

References


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