fluent vs smooth what difference

what is difference between fluent and smooth

English

Etymology

Latin fluens (flowing), present active participle of fluō (I flow).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfluːənt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfluənt/
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈfljuːɛnt/
  • Rhymes: -ʊənt

Adjective

fluent (comparative more fluent, superlative most fluent)

  1. That flows; flowing, liquid.
  2. (linguistics) Able to use a language accurately, rapidly, and confidently – in a flowing way.

Usage notes

In casual use, “fluency” refers to language proficiency broadly, while in narrow use it refers to using a language flowingly, rather than haltingly.

Synonyms

  • (that flows): fluent; see also Thesaurus:flowing or Thesaurus:runny

Related terms

  • fluency
  • fluently

Translations

Noun

fluent (plural fluents)

  1. (mathematics, obsolete) A continuous variable, especially one with respect to time in Newton’s Method of Fluxions.

References

Anagrams

  • netful, unfelt

Latin

Verb

fluent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of fluō

Old French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin fluens.

Adjective

fluent m (oblique and nominative feminine singular fluent or fluente)

  1. (of a liquid) flowing; that flows

Related terms

  • fluer

Romanian

Etymology

From French fluent

Adjective

fluent m or n (feminine singular fluentă, masculine plural fluenți, feminine and neuter plural fluente)

  1. fluent

Declension



English

Alternative forms

  • smeeth (dialectal)
  • (verb): smoothe

Etymology

From Middle English smoothe, smothe, smethe, from Old English smōþ and Old English smēþe, both from Proto-Germanic *smanþaz, *smanþiz, of unknown origin. Cognate with Scots smuith (smooth), Low German smood and smödig (smooth, malleable, ductile), Dutch smeuïg (smooth) (from earlier smeudig).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /smuːð/
  • Rhymes: -uːð

Adjective

smooth (comparative smoother, superlative smoothest)

  1. Having a texture that lacks friction. Not rough.
    • The outlines must be smooth, [] imperceptible to the touch, and even, without eminence or cavities.
    • “A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron; and she looked it, always trim and trig and smooth of surface like a converted yacht cleared for action. ¶ Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, [].
  2. Without difficulty, problems, or unexpected consequences or incidents.
  3. Bland; glib.
    • This smooth discourse and mild behavior oft / Conceal a traitor.
  4. Flowing or uttered without check, obstruction, or hesitation; not harsh; fluent.
    • 1670, John Milton, The History of Britain
      the only smooth poet of those times}}
    • 1713, John Gay, The Fan
      When sage Minerva rose, / From her sweet lips smooth elocution flows.
  5. (of a person) Suave; sophisticated.
  6. (of an action) Natural; unconstrained.
  7. (of a motion) Unbroken.
  8. (chiefly of water) Placid, calm.
  9. (of an edge) Lacking projections or indentations; not serrated.
  10. (of food or drink) Not grainy; having an even texture.
  11. (of a beverage) Having a pleasantly rounded flavor; neither rough nor astringent.
  12. (mathematics, of a function) Having derivatives of all finite orders at all points within the function’s domain.
  13. (mathematics, of a number) That factors completely into small prime numbers.
  14. (linguistics, classical studies, of a vowel) Lacking marked aspiration.
  15. (of muscles, medicine) Involuntary and non-striated.

Synonyms

  • (having a texture lacking friction): even
  • (without difficulty or problems): fluid

Antonyms

  • rough
  • uneven
  • bumpy

Derived terms

Translations

Adverb

smooth (comparative smoother, superlative smoothest)

  1. Smoothly.

Noun

smooth (plural smooths)

  1. Something that is smooth, or that goes smoothly and easily.
    • The smooth of his neck.
    • 1862, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Adventures of Philip
      I think you and I will take the ups and the downs , the roughs and the smooths of this daily existence and conversation
  2. A smoothing action.
  3. A domestic animal having a smooth coat.
  4. A member of an anti-hippie fashion movement in 1970s Britain.
  5. (statistics) The analysis obtained through a smoothing procedure.

Translations

Verb

smooth (third-person singular simple present smooths, present participle smoothing, simple past and past participle smoothed)

  1. (transitive) To make smooth or even.
    Synonym: smoothen
  2. (transitive) To reduce to a particular shape or form by pressure; to press, to flatten.
  3. (transitive) To make straightforward or easy.
    • 2007, Beth Kohn, Lonely Planet Venezuela (page 379)
      Caracas can be a tough place but the tremendously good-natured caraqueños smoothed my passage every step of the way.
  4. (transitive) To calm or palliate.
    to smooth a person’s temper
  5. (statistics, image processing, digital audio) To capture important patterns in the data, while leaving out noise.
  6. (West Country) To stroke; especially to stroke an animal’s fur.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • smoothing on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • shtoom

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