flush vs sluice what difference

what is difference between flush and sluice

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈflʌʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English flusshen, fluschen, of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to Middle English flasshen, flasschen, flaschen, see flash; or a Middle English blend of flowen (to flow) +‎ guschen (to gush). Compare with German flutschen.

Noun

flush (plural flushes)

  1. A group of birds that have suddenly started up from undergrowth, trees etc.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, V.2:
      As when a Faulcon hath with nimble flight / Flowne at a flush of Ducks foreby the brooke […].

Verb

flush (third-person singular simple present flushes, present participle flushing, simple past and past participle flushed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to take flight from concealment.
  2. (intransitive) To take suddenly to flight, especially from cover.
    • 1613, William Browne, Britannia’s Pastorals
      flushing from one spray unto another
    • 1972, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of Defense, Department of Defense Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1973 (page 460)
      AWACS is survivable due to its ability to flush on warning, to maneuver at jet speeds, to maintain awareness of the developing air situation and to command weapons as appropriate, including weapons for its own defense.
Translations

Etymology 2

Same as Etymology 3, according to the American Heritage Dictionary.

Adjective

flush (comparative flusher, superlative flushest)

  1. Smooth, even, aligned; not sticking out.
  2. Wealthy or well off.
  3. (typography) Short for flush left and right; a body of text aligned with both its left and right margins.
  4. Full of vigour; fresh; glowing; bright.
  5. Affluent; abounding; well furnished or suppled; hence, liberal; prodigal.
    • 1712, John Arbuthnot, The History of John Bull
      Lord Strut was not very flush in ready.
Synonyms
  • (typography): double-clean, flush left and right, forced, forced justified, force justified, justified
Derived terms
  • flush left, flush right, flush left and right
Translations

Etymology 3

Probably from Etymology 1 according to the American Heritage Dictionary.

Noun

flush (plural flushes)

  1. A sudden flowing; a rush which fills or overflows, as of water for cleansing purposes.
    • in manner of a wave or flush
  2. Particularly, such a cleansing of a toilet.
  3. A suffusion of the face with blood, as from fear, shame, modesty, or intensity of feeling of any kind; a blush; a glow.
    • 1830, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Madeline
      the flush of anger’d shame
  4. Any tinge of red colour like that produced on the cheeks by a sudden rush of blood.
  5. A sudden flood or rush of feeling; a thrill of excitement, animation, etc.
Translations

Verb

flush (third-person singular simple present flushes, present participle flushing, simple past and past participle flushed)

  1. (transitive) To cleanse by flooding with generous quantities of a fluid.
  2. (transitive) Particularly, to cleanse a toilet by introducing a large amount of water.
  3. (intransitive) To become suffused with reddish color due to embarrassment, excitement, overheating, or other systemic disturbance, to blush.
    • 1872, The Argosy. Edited by Mrs. Henry Wood. Volume XIV. July to December, 1872, London, p. 60 (Google)
      She turned, laughing at the surprise, and flushing with pleasure.
  4. (transitive) To cause to blush.
    • Nor flush with shame the passing virgin’s cheek.
    • 1925, Fruit of the Flower, by Countee Cullen
      “Who plants a seed begets a bud, — Extract of that same root; — Why marvel at the hectic blood — That flushes this wild fruit?”
  5. To cause to be full; to flood; to overflow; to overwhelm with water.
  6. (transitive) To excite, inflame.
    • , “Against Long Extemporary Prayers”
      such things as can only feed his pride and flush his ambition
  7. (intransitive, of a toilet) To be cleansed by being flooded with generous quantities of water.
  8. (transitive, computing) To clear (a buffer) of its contents.
  9. To flow and spread suddenly; to rush.
    • 1545, John Bale, The Image of Both Churches
      the flushing noise of many waters
  10. To show red; to shine suddenly; to glow.
  11. (masonry) To fill in (joints); to point the level; to make them flush.
  12. (mining, intransitive) To operate a placer mine, where the continuous supply of water is insufficient, by holding back the water, and releasing it periodically in a flood.
  13. (mining) To fill underground spaces, especially in coal mines, with material carried by water, which, after drainage, constitutes a compact mass.
  14. (intransitive, transitive) To dispose or be disposed of by flushing down a toilet
Usage notes

In sense “turn red with embarrassment”, blush is more common. More finely, in indicating the actual change, blush is usual – “He blushed with embarrassment” – but in indicating state, flushed is also common – “He was flushed with excitement”.

Synonyms
  • (turn red with embarrassment): blush
Translations

Etymology 4

Probably from Middle French flus (flow), cognate with flux.

Noun

flush (plural flushes)

  1. (poker) A hand consisting of all cards with the same suit.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • French: flush
  • Korean: 플러쉬 (peulleoswi)
  • Portuguese: flush
Translations

See also


French

Etymology

From English flush.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flœʃ/

Noun

flush m (plural flushs)

  1. (poker) flush
  2. (anglicism) flush (reddening of the face)
  3. (anglicism, IT) emptying of the cache

Synonyms

  • (poker): couleur

Derived terms

  • quinte flush

Derived terms

  • flusher

Portuguese

Etymology

From English flush.

Noun

flush m (plural flushes)

  1. (poker) flush (hand consisting of all cards with the same suit)


English

Etymology

From Middle English sluse, alteration of scluse, from Anglo-Norman escluse (sluice, floodgate), from Late Latin exclusa (extrusion, gate), from Latin exclūsus, form of exclūdō (I shut out, I exclude) (English exclude). Cognate to Dutch sluis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sluːs/
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /sljuːs/
  • Rhymes: -uːs

Noun

sluice (plural sluices)

  1. An artificial passage for water, fitted with a valve or gate, for example in a canal lock or a mill stream, for stopping or regulating the flow.
  2. A water gate or floodgate.
  3. Hence, an opening or channel through which anything flows; a source of supply.
    • 1767, Walter Harte, Eulogius: Or, The Charitable Mason
      Each sluice of affluent fortune open’d soon.
    • 1832, Isaac Taylor, Saturday Evening
      This home familiarity [] opens the sluices of sensibility.
  4. The stream flowing through a floodgate.
  5. (mining) A long box or trough through which water flows, used for washing auriferous earth.
  6. (linguistics) An instance of wh-stranding ellipsis, or sluicing.

Derived terms

  • sluiceway
  • sluice gate

Coordinate terms

  • dam
  • lock
  • weir

Translations

Verb

sluice (third-person singular simple present sluices, present participle sluicing, simple past and past participle sluiced)

  1. (transitive, rare) To emit by, or as by, flood gates.
  2. (transitive) To wet copiously, as by opening a sluice
    • 1855, William Howitt, Land, Labour and Gold; or, Two Years in Victoria
      Nine – mile Creek has been dug out again and again , and has been sluiced three times
    • 1861, Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown at Oxford, London: Macmillan & Co., Chapter XIII, [1]
      [] he dried his neck and face, which he had been sluicing with cold water.
    • 1993, Paul Theroux, Millroy the Magician, p. 61,
      Millroy often described his kidneys—how he flushed them out. His lungs—the way he hyperventilated them. His heart—how he got it pumping, sluicing its gates and chambers.
    • 2000, Laurel E. Fay, Shostakovich: A Life, Oxford University Press, Chapter 7, p. 120,
      Many years later, in 1953, Shostakovich summarized his dissatisfactions with the competition more bluntly: “Rimsky-Korsakov groomed, waved, and sluiced Musorgsky with eau de cologne. My orchestration is crude, in keeping with Musorgsky.”
  3. (transitive) To wash with, or in, a stream of water running through a sluice.
    to sluice earth or gold dust in a sluice box in placer mining
  4. (transitive, more generally) To wash (down or out).
    • 1597, William Shakespeare, Richard II, Act I, Scene 1, [2]
      [] he did plot the Duke of Gloucester’s death, / Suggest his soon-believing adversaries, / And consequently, like a traitor coward, / Sluiced out his innocent soul through streams of blood
    • 1910, Lord Dunsany, “Bethmoora” in A Dreamer’s Tales, London: George Allen & Sons, p. 68, [3]
      And now men with a hose have come and are sluicing out the streets.
    • 1977, Timothy Findley, The Wars, Penguin Canada, 1985, p. 60,
      He also organized a bucket brigade for sluicing down the decks.
  5. (intransitive) To flow, pour.
    • 1932, Robinson Jeffers, “Thurso’s Landing” in The Selected Poetry of Robinson Jeffers, New York: Random House, p. 311, [4]
      In the trough behind the white wave / Helen shook her dark head, the water sluiced from her shoulders / And rose-tipped breasts.
    • 1934, George Orwell, Burmese Days, Chapter 23, [5]
      Out of sight of the houses he took off his clothes and let the rain sluice down on his bare body.
    • 1980, Peter De Vries, Consenting Adults, or The Duchess Will Be Furious, Penguin, Chapter Twelve, pp. 185-6,
      these are often my thoughts as my partner or my vis-a-vis spoons a berry into her mouth and I imagine it—see and hear it being chewed, the red juice running from its bursting pulp over her tongue, mingling with her saliva, slipping through the crevices between her teeth before sluicing down her throat and into her bloodstream.
    • 1986, Tanith Lee, Delirium’s Mistress, New York: Daw Books, Book Two, Part Two, Chapter 6, p. 240,
      The huge things which had already careered into flight, they were enormous slothful sacks of billowing skin, and where the light sluiced over their bodies, they glimmered acid-blue and bronze.
  6. (linguistics) To elide the complement in a coordinated wh-question. See sluicing.

Coordinate terms

  • (washing in mining): pan

Translations

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:sluice.

References

  • sluice in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • lucies

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