foliage vs leaf what difference

what is difference between foliage and leaf

English

Alternative forms

  • (archaic, dialectal, nonstandard) foilage
  • (archaic) feuillage

Etymology

From earlier foilage, from Late Middle English ffoylage, from Middle French feuillage. The more recent form is influenced by the Latin etymon folium.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfəʊliɪdʒ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈfoʊliɪdʒ/

Noun

foliage (countable and uncountable, plural foliages)

  1. The leaves of plants.
    • Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  2. (short for) Fall foliage.
  3. An architectural ornament representing foliage.

Translations

Anagrams

  • foilage


English

Etymology

From Middle English leef, from Old English lēaf, from Proto-West Germanic *laub, from Proto-Germanic *laubą (leaf) (compare West Frisian leaf, Low German Loov, Dutch loof, German Laub, Danish løv, Swedish löv, Norwegian Nynorsk lauv), from Proto-Indo-European *lowbʰ-o-m, from *lewbʰ- (leaf, rind) (compare Irish luibh (herb), Latin liber (bast; book), Lithuanian lúoba (bark), Albanian labë (rind), Latvian luba (plank, board), Russian луб (lub, bast)).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: lēf, IPA(key): /liːf/
  • Rhymes: -iːf
  • Homophones: Leith (with th-fronting), lief

Noun

leaf (countable and uncountable, plural leaves)

  1. The usually green and flat organ that represents the most prominent feature of most vegetative plants.
  2. Anything resembling the leaf of a plant.
  3. A sheet of any substance beaten or rolled until very thin.
  4. A sheet of a book, magazine, etc (consisting of two pages, one on each face of the leaf).
    Synonyms: folio, folium
  5. (advertising, dated) Two pages.
    • 1900, Profitable Advertising (volume 10, issue 2, page 893)
      Heretofore advertisers have had to buy and pay for a leaf — two pages.
  6. (in the plural) Tea leaves.
  7. A flat section used to extend the size of a table.
  8. A moveable panel, e.g. of a bridge or door, originally one that hinged but now also applied to other forms of movement.
    Hyponym: doorleaf
    Meronym: stile
  9. (botany) A foliage leaf or any of the many and often considerably different structures it can specialise into.
  10. (computing, mathematics) In a tree, a node that has no descendants.
    • 2011, John Mongan, Noah Kindler, Eric Giguère, Programming Interviews Exposed
      The algorithm pops the stack to obtain a new current node when there are no more children (when it reaches a leaf).
  11. The layer of fat supporting the kidneys of a pig, leaf fat.
  12. One of the teeth of a pinion, especially when small.
  13. (slang, uncountable) Cannabis.
  14. (Internet slang, derogatory) A Canadian person.

Synonyms

  • phyllon

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

leaf (third-person singular simple present leafs, present participle leafing, simple past and past participle leafed)

  1. (intransitive) To produce leaves; put forth foliage.
  2. (transitive) To divide (a vegetable) into separate leaves.
    The lettuce in our burgers is 100% hand-leafed.

Synonyms

  • leave (verb)

Derived terms

  • leafing
  • leaf through

Translations

See also

  • foliage
  • frond
  • needle

Further reading

  • leaf on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • leaf (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • leaf in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • leaf at OneLook Dictionary Search

References

Anagrams

  • Lafe, alef, feal, flea

Old English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /læ͜ɑːf/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *laubą. Cognate with West Frisian leaf, Old Saxon lōf, Old High German loup, Old Norse lauf, Gothic ???????????????????? (laufs).

Noun

lēaf n

  1. leaf
  2. page
Declension
Descendants
  • Middle English: leef, lefe, leve, lewe
    • English: leaf
    • Scots: leaf, lefe, leif
    • Yola: laafe

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *laubō. Cognate with Old High German *louba (German Laube).

Noun

lēaf f

  1. permission
Declension
Descendants
  • English: leave

Scots

Etymology

From Old English lēaf.

Noun

leaf (plural leafs)

  1. leaf

West Frisian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɪə̯f/

Etymology 1

From Old Frisian lāf

Noun

leaf n (plural leaven, diminutive leafke)

  1. leaf, especially a long leaf, like a blade of grass
Further reading
  • “leaf (IV)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Etymology 2

From Old Frisian liāf

Adjective

leaf

  1. friendly, kind, cordial
Inflection
Derived terms
  • leafde
  • leavehearsbistke
Further reading
  • “leaf (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

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