folk vs tribe what difference

what is difference between folk and tribe

English

Alternative forms

  • vok, volk, volke (dialectal)

Etymology

From Middle English folk, from Old English folc, from Proto-West Germanic *folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁-gós, from *pleh₁- (to fill). Cognate with German Volk, Dutch volk, Swedish folk and Danish folk. Doublet of volk.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fəʊk/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /foʊk/
  • Rhymes: -əʊk

Adjective

folk (not comparable)

  1. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a land, their culture, tradition, or history.
  2. Of or pertaining to common people as opposed to ruling classes or elites.
  3. (architecture) Of or related to local building materials and styles.
  4. Believed or transmitted by the common people; not academically correct or rigorous.

Derived terms

  • folk etymology
  • folk medicine

Translations

Noun

folk (plural folk or folks)

  1. (archaic) A grouping of smaller peoples or tribes as a nation.
    • J. R. Green
      The organization of each folk, as such, sprang mainly from war.
  2. The inhabitants of a region, especially the native inhabitants.
    • 1907, Race Prejudice, Jean Finot, page 251:
      We thus arrive at a most unexpected imbroglio. The French have become a Germanic folk and the Germanic folk have become Gaulish!
  3. (plural only, plural: folks) One’s relatives, especially one’s parents.
  4. (music) Folk music.
  5. (plural only) People in general.
  6. (plural only) A particular group of people.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Further reading

  • “folk” in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 136.

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse fólk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔlk/, [fʌlˀɡ̊]

Noun

folk n (singular definite folket, plural indefinite folk)

  1. people, persons
    Der var mange folk på torvet.

    There were many people on the plaza.
  2. one, people
    Folk ved ikke hvor meget deres hamstre er værd.

    People don’t know how much their hamsters are worth.
  3. (countable) a people, a nation (not necessarily politically or geographically united)
  4. crew
Declension
Synonyms
  • (nation): folkeslag, nation
Derived terms
  • hoffolk
Further reading
  • “folk” in Den Danske Ordbog
  • “folk” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog

Etymology 2

From English folk (folk music).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈfɔwɡ̊]

Noun

folk c (singular definite folken, not used in plural form)

  1. folk music (contemporary music in the style of traditional folk music)

See also

  • folk on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

Finnish

Alternative forms

  • folkki

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfolk/, [ˈfo̞lk]
  • Rhymes: -olk
  • Syllabification: folk

Noun

folk

  1. (music) folk, folk music

Declension

Compounds

  • folklaulaja
  • folkmusiikki

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • folke, foolk, fok, folck, folc, follc, volk

Etymology

From Old English folk, from Proto-West Germanic *folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔlk/

Noun

folk (plural folk or folkes)

  1. people, folk (multiple individuals)
  2. nation, race, stock
  3. group, band, troop (of people):
    1. subjects, followers, comitatus
    2. army, retinue (group of armed people)
    3. gathering, parliament
  4. family, kin, relatives
  5. humankind, humanity; all people
  6. (rare) creatures, beings

Usage notes

Can be treated as a singular or a plural noun.

Related terms

  • lond folk
  • Northfolk
  • Suffolk

Descendants

  • English: folk
  • Scots: fowk

References

  • “folk, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse fólk, folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Noun

folk n (definite singular folket, indefinite plural folk, definite plural folka or folkene)

  1. a people
  2. people in general
  3. folk

Derived terms

Related terms

  • avfolke
  • befolke

References

  • “folk” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse fólk, folk.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔlk/

Noun

folk n (definite singular folket, indefinite plural folk, definite plural folka)

  1. people

Derived terms

References

  • “folk” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Frisian

Alternative forms

  • fulk,

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Noun

folk n

  1. people, folk

Inflection

Descendants

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum: folk
  • Saterland Frisian: Foulk
  • West Frisian: folk

Old Norse

Alternative forms

  • fólk

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Noun

folk n

  1. people
  2. (poetic) battle, warfare

Descendants

  • Icelandic: fólk
  • Faroese: fólk
  • Norn: folekar
  • Norwegian: folk
  • Jamtish: fołk
  • Elfdalian: fuok
  • Westrobothnian: fahlk, fahlkj, fålk
  • Old Swedish: folk, fulk
    • Swedish: folk
  • Old Danish: folk
    • Danish: folk
    • Scanian: fólk
  • Gutnish: fålk

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

  • folc

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Noun

folk n

  1. people, folk

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German: volk
    • Low German:
      • German Low German:
        Hamburgisch: Volk
        Westphalian:

        Lippisch: Volk
        Ravensbergisch: Folk
        Sauerländisch: Volk
        Westmünsterländisch: Volk
    • Plautdietsch: Volkj

Polish

Etymology

From English folk (music), from Middle English folk, from Old English folc, from Proto-West Germanic *folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁-gós, from *pleh₁-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔlk/

Noun

folk m inan

  1. folk music (contemporary music in traditional style)

Declension

Derived terms

  • (adjective) foklowy

Related terms

  • (adverb) foklowo

Further reading

  • folk in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • folk in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English folk.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈfow.ki/

Noun

folk m (uncountable)

  1. (music) folk music (contemporary music in traditional style)
    Synonym: música folk

Romanian

Etymology

From English folk.

Noun

folk n (uncountable)

  1. folk music

Declension


Scots

Noun

folk (plural folks)

  1. Alternative spelling of fowk

Spanish

Etymology

English folk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfolk/, [ˈfolk]

Noun

folk m (uncountable)

  1. folk (music)

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse fólk, folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Pronunciation

Noun

folk n

  1. (uncountable) people in general, humans
  2. a people, a nation; in compounds referring to local or national traditions (folklore), national institutions (folkhem) or international relations (folkrätt)

Declension

Derived terms


West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /folk/

Noun

folk n (plural folken, diminutive folkje)

  1. people, folk

Further reading

  • “folk”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Interjection

folk

  1. call at the door if anyone’s home


English

Etymology

From Middle English tribe, tribu, from Old French tribu, from Latin tribus. Doublet of tribus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɹaɪb/
  • Rhymes: -aɪb

Noun

tribe (plural tribes)

  1. A socially, ethnically, or politically cohesive group of people.
  2. (anthropology) A society larger than a band but smaller than a state.
  3. (zoology) A group of apes who live and work together.
  4. (taxonomy) A hierarchal rank between family and genus.
  5. The collective noun for various animals.
  6. (stock breeding) A family of animals descended from some particular female progenitor, through the female line.

Synonyms

  • (taxonomy): tribus

Derived terms

  • tribal
  • tribalism
  • tribalist
  • tribalistic
  • tribally
  • tribelet

Translations

Verb

tribe (third-person singular simple present tribes, present participle tribing, simple past and past participle tribed)

  1. (transitive) To distribute into tribes or classes; to categorize.
    • 1696-1699, William Nicolson, English Historical Library
      Our fowl, fish, and quadruped are well tribed.

See also

  • ethnic
  • Appendix:English collective nouns

Anagrams

  • Berti, Breit, Tiber, biter, rebit

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • trybe, tribu

Etymology

From Old French tribu, from Latin tribus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtriːb(ə)/, /ˈtriːbu/

Noun

tribe (plural tribus)

  1. One of the twelve tribes of Israel.
  2. (rare) Any tribe or kin group.
  3. (rare) A league or grouping.

Descendants

  • English: tribe

References

  • “trībe, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-12-03.

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