forbid vs veto what difference

what is difference between forbid and veto

English

Etymology

From Middle English forbeden, from Old English forbēodan (to forbid, prohibit, restrain, refuse, repeal, annul), from Proto-Germanic *furibeudaną, from *furi + *beudaną. Equivalent to for- (from, away) +‎ bid (to offer, proclaim). Cognate with Dutch verbieden (to forbid), German verbieten (to forbid), Danish forbyde (to forbid),
Norwegian Bokmål forby (to forbid), Swedish förbjuda (to forbid), Gothic ???????????????????????????????????????? (faurbiudan). Related to forbode.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɚˈbɪd/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fəˈbɪd/
  • Rhymes: -ɪd

Verb

forbid (third-person singular simple present forbids, present participle forbidding, simple past forbid or forbade or forbad, past participle forbidden)

  1. (transitive) To disallow; to proscribe.
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows
      [] the Mole recollected that animal-etiquette forbade any sort of comment on the sudden disappearance of one’s friends at any moment, for any reason or no reason whatever.
  2. (ditransitive) To deny, exclude from, or warn off, by express command.
  3. (transitive) To oppose, hinder, or prevent, as if by an effectual command.
    • a blaze of glory that forbids the sight
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To accurse; to blast.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To defy; to challenge.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of L. Andrews to this entry?)

Usage notes

  • Especially when talking about a person, the expression is not allowed to is much more common than the very formal is forbidden to/is forbidden from.
  • This is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive or the gerund (-ing) when the person is mentioned from whom something is forbidden, and it takes the gerund (-ing) when such a person is not mentioned. See Appendix:English catenative verbs. Examples:
    • The management forbids employees from smoking/to smoke in the office. (Active; those subject to prohibition are identified)
    • Employees are forbidden from smoking/to smoke in the office. (Passive; those subject to prohibition are identified)
    • The management forbids smoking in the office. (Active; those subject to prohibition are not identified)
    • Smoking in the office is forbidden. (Passive; those subject to prohibition are not identified)

Synonyms

  • prohibit
  • disallow
  • ban
  • veto
  • See also Thesaurus:prohibit

Derived terms

  • forbiddance
  • forbidding

Translations

References

  • forbid in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • forbid in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


English

Etymology

From Latin vetō (I forbid).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈviːtəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈviːtoʊ/
    • Flapping is optional: IPA(key): [ˈviːɾoʊ] or IPA(key): [ˈviːtʰoʊ].
  • Rhymes: -iːtəʊ

Noun

veto (plural vetoes or vetos)

  1. A political right to disapprove of (and thereby stop) the process of a decision, a law etc.
  2. An invocation of that right.
  3. An authoritative prohibition or negative; a forbidding; an interdiction.
    • This contemptuous veto of her husband’s on any intimacy with her family.

Translations

Verb

veto (third-person singular simple present vetoes, present participle vetoing, simple past and past participle vetoed)

  1. (transitive) To use a veto against.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Tove, Vote, to’ve, vote

Catalan

Verb

veto

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of vetar

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈvɛto]

Noun

veto n

  1. veto

Further reading

  • veto in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • veto in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology

From Latin vetō (I forbid).

Noun

veto n (singular definite vetoet, plural indefinite vetoer)

  1. veto

Declension

See also

  • veto on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

Further reading

  • “veto” in Den Danske Ordbog
  • “veto” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin vetō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈveː.toː/
  • Hyphenation: ve‧to

Noun

veto n (plural veto’s, diminutive vetootje n)

  1. veto

Derived terms

  • vetoën
  • vetorecht

Anagrams

  • voet

Finnish

Etymology 1


vetää (to pull) +‎ -o

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋeto/, [ˈʋe̞t̪o̞]
  • Rhymes: -eto
  • Syllabification: ve‧to

Noun

veto

  1. pull (act of pulling)
  2. pull (attractive force)
  3. draught/draft of air
  4. stroke of hand, oar etc.
  5. (colloquial) move, as in a debate or game
  6. (electronics) trace (on a printed circuit board)
    Synonym: johdin
Declension
Synonyms
  • (attractive force): vetovoima, imu
  • (move): siirto

Etymology 2


Probably borrowed from Old Swedish væþ, vedh, from Old Norse veð, from Proto-Germanic *wadją.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋeto/, [ˈʋe̞t̪o̞]
  • Rhymes: -eto
  • Syllabification: ve‧to

Noun

veto

  1. bet, wager (e.g. in gambling)
Declension
Derived terms
  • lyödä vetoa (idiom)

Etymology 3


From Latin veto (I forbid).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋe(ː)t(ː)o/, [ˈʋe̞(ː)t̪(ː)o̞]
  • Rhymes: -eto
  • Syllabification: ve‧to

Noun

veto

  1. veto
Declension
Derived terms
  • veto-oikeus

Anagrams

  • ovet

French

Alternative forms

  • véto (1990 spelling reform)

Etymology 1

Noun

veto m (plural vetos)

  1. veto

Descendants

  • Turkish: veto

Etymology 2

Noun

veto m or f (plural vetos)

  1. vet (veterinarian)

Anagrams

  • vote, voté

Further reading

  • “veto” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɛ.to/, /ˈve.to/
  • Hyphenation: vè‧to
  • Rhymes: -ɛto

Noun

veto m (plural veti)

  1. veto

References


Latin

Etymology

From earlier votō, votāre, from Proto-Italic *wetā(je)-, from Proto-Indo-European *weth₂- (to say).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈu̯e.toː/, [ˈu̯ɛt̪oː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈve.to/, [ˈvɛːt̪ɔ]

Verb

vetō (present infinitive vetāre, perfect active vetuī, supine vetitum); first conjugation

  1. I forbid, oppose, veto.
    • 1st century AD, Seneca Minor, Troades, line 334
      Quod nōn vetat lēx, hoc vetat fierī pudor.

      What law forbids not, decency forbids be done.

Conjugation

Interjection

vetō

  1. I forbid it! I protest!

Usage notes

  • Used in the Senate by tribunes to oppose objectionable measures.

Descendants

References

  • veto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • veto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • veto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ve/otō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 672

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin vetō (I forbid, oppose, veto), from votō, votāre, from Proto-Italic *wetā(je)-, from Proto-Indo-European *weth₂- (to say).

Noun

veto n (definite singular vetoet, indefinite plural veto or vetoer, definite plural vetoa or vetoene)

  1. a veto

References

  • “veto” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin veto

Noun

veto n (definite singular vetoet, indefinite plural veto, definite plural vetoa)

  1. a veto

References

  • “veto” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɛ.tu/
  • Hyphenation: ve‧to

Noun

veto m (plural vetos)

  1. (politics) veto (blocking of a process or decision)

Verb

veto

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of vetar

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Latin veto.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋêːto/
  • Hyphenation: ve‧to

Noun

vȇto m (Cyrillic spelling ве̑то)

  1. veto

Declension

References

  • “veto” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbeto/, [ˈbe.t̪o]
  • Hyphenation: ve‧to

Etymology 1

From Latin veto.

Noun

veto m (plural vetos)

  1. veto

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

veto

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of vetar.

Swedish

Noun

veto n

  1. veto

Declension

Anagrams

  • Tove

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