forbidding vs grim what difference

what is difference between forbidding and grim

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɚˈbɪdɪŋ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fəˈbɪdɪŋ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪdɪŋ
  • Hyphenation: for‧bid‧ding

Adjective

forbidding (comparative more forbidding, superlative most forbidding)

  1. Appearing to be threatening, unfriendly or potentially unpleasant.
    • 1726, Alexander Pope (translator), The Odyssey of Homer, London, 1760, Volume 3, Book 15, lines 57-58, p. 100,[1]
      What cause, cry’d he, can justify our flight,
      To tempt the dangers of forbidding night?
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, London: T. Egerton, Volume I, Chapter 3,[2]
      [] he was discovered to be proud, to be above his company, and above being pleased; and not all his large estate in Derbyshire could then save him from having a most forbidding, disagreeable countenance, and being unworthy to be compared with his friend.
    • 1922, Emily Post, Etiquette in Society, in Business, in Politics, and at Home, New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1923, Chapter 28, p. 498,[3]
      The writer of the “blank” letter begins fluently with the date and “Dear Mary,” and then sits and chews his penholder or makes little dots and squares and circles on the blotter—utterly unable to attack the cold, forbidding blankness of that first page.
    • 1988, “If You Can’t Fight City Hall, Here’s a Different Idea: Sell It,” The New York Times, 10 January, 1988,[4]
      Its forbidding brick and concrete exterior looms over a vast, windswept brick plaza in a style architectural critics, not without admiration, call “The New Brutalism.”

Antonyms

  • approachable
  • inviting
  • welcoming

Translations

Verb

forbidding

  1. present participle of forbid

Noun

forbidding (plural forbiddings)

  1. The act by which something is forbidden; a prohibition.
    • 1594, William Shakespeare, The Rape of Lucrece,[5]
      But all these poor forbiddings could not stay him;
    • 1920, St. John G. Ervine, The Foolish Lovers, London: W. Collins & Sons, Chapter 3, VIII, p. 228,[6]
      All law was composed of hindrances and obstacles and forbiddings, and therefore he was entirely opposed to Law.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹɪm/
  • Rhymes: -ɪm

Etymology 1

From Middle English grim, from Old English grim, grimm, from Proto-West Germanic *grimm, from Proto-Germanic *grimmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrem- (to resound, thunder, grumble, roar). Noun sense derives from adjective, from 1620s.

Adjective

grim (comparative grimmer, superlative grimmest)

  1. dismal and gloomy, cold and forbidding
    Life was grim in many northern industrial towns.
  2. rigid and unrelenting
    His grim determination enabled him to win.
  3. ghastly or sinister
    A grim castle overshadowed the village.
    • 2012 March 22, Scott Tobias, “The Hunger Games”, in AV Club:
      In movie terms, it suggests Paul Verhoeven in Robocop/Starship Troopers mode, an R-rated bloodbath where the grim spectacle of children murdering each other on television is bread-and-circuses for the age of reality TV, enforced by a totalitarian regime to keep the masses at bay.
  4. disgusting; gross
    – Wanna see the dead rat I found in my fridge?
    – Mate, that is grim!
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

grim (plural grims)

  1. (obsolete) specter, ghost, haunting spirit

Verb

grim (third-person singular simple present grims, present participle grimming, simple past and past participle grimmed)

  1. (transitive, rare) To make grim; to give a stern or forbidding aspect to.

Etymology 2

From Middle English grim, grym, greme, from Old English *grimu, *grimmu, from Proto-Germanic *grimmį̄ (anger, wrath), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrem- (to resound, thunder, grumble, roar). Cognate with Middle Dutch grimme, Middle High German grimme f (anger), modern German Grimm m.

Noun

grim (uncountable)

  1. (archaic) Anger, wrath.
Derived terms
  • grimful
  • grimless

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɡ̊ʁɛmˀ]

Etymology

From Old Norse grimmr, from Proto-Germanic *grimmaz.

Adjective

grim

  1. ugly, unsightly
  2. nasty

Inflection


Kalasha

Verb

grim

  1. taking

Old English

Alternative forms

  • grimm

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *grimm, from Proto-Germanic *grimmaz.

Cognate with Old Saxon grim, Old High German grim (German grimm, grimmig), Old Norse grimmr (Danish grim, Swedish grym); and with Greek χρεμίζω (chremízo), Old Church Slavonic грьмѣти (grĭměti) (Russian греме́ть (gremétʹ)), Latvian gremt.

Perhaps related in Old Norse to veiled or hooded, Grim is also an alternate name for Odin, who often went around disguised; compare the hooded appearance of The Grim Reaper.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrim/

Adjective

grim

  1. fierce, severe, terrible, savage, cruel, angry

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: grim
    • Scots: grim
    • English: grim

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