force vs push what difference

what is difference between force and push

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) enPR: fôrs, IPA(key): /fɔɹs/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɔːs/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) enPR: fōrs, IPA(key): /fo(ː)ɹs/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /foəs/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)s

Etymology 1

From Middle English force, fors, forse, from Old French force, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin *fortia, from neuter plural of Latin fortis (strong), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, high, hill).

Noun

force (countable and uncountable, plural forces)

  1. Strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigour; might; capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect.
  2. Power exerted against will or consent; compulsory power; violence; coercion.
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, part II
      which now they hold by force, and not by right
  3. (countable) Anything that is able to make a substantial change in a person or thing.
  4. (countable, physics) A physical quantity that denotes ability to push, pull, twist or accelerate a body and which has a direction and is measured in a unit dimensioned in mass × distance/time² (ML/T²): SI: newton (N); CGS: dyne (dyn)
  5. Something or anything that has the power to produce a physical effect upon something else, such as causing it to move or change shape.
  6. (countable) A group that aims to attack, control, or constrain.
    • 1611, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline
      Is Lucius general of the forces?
  7. (uncountable) The ability to attack, control, or constrain.
  8. (countable) A magic trick in which the outcome is known to the magician beforehand, especially one involving the apparent free choice of a card by another person.
  9. (law) Legal validity.
  10. (law) Either unlawful violence, as in a “forced entry“, or lawful compulsion.
  11. (linguistics, semantics, pragmatics) Ability of an utterance or its element (word, form, prosody, …) to effect a given meaning.
  12. (humorous or science fiction, with the, often capitalized) A metaphysical and ubiquitous power from the fictional Star Wars universe created by George Lucas. See usage note. [1977]
  13. Synonym of police force (typically with preceding “the”)
Usage notes
  • Adjectives often applied to “force”: military, cultural, economic, gravitational, electric, magnetic, strong, weak, positive, negative, attractive, repulsive, good, evil, dark, physical, muscular, spiritual, intellectual, mental, emotional, rotational, tremendous, huge.
  • (science fiction): Outside of fiction, the force may be used as an alternative to invoking luck, destiny, or God. For example, the force was with him instead of luck was on his side, or may the force be with you instead of may God be with you.
Hyponyms
Derived terms
  • may the Force be with you
  • workforce
Related terms
Translations

References

  • force on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

From Middle English forcen, from Old French forcer, from Late Latin *fortiāre, from Latin fortia.

Verb

force (third-person singular simple present forces, present participle forcing, simple past and past participle forced)

  1. (transitive) To violate (a woman); to rape. [from 14thc.]
  2. (obsolete, reflexive, intransitive) To exert oneself, to do one’s utmost. [from 14thc.]
    • And I pray you for my sake to force yourselff there, that men may speke you worshyp.
  3. (transitive) To compel (someone or something) to do something. [from 15thc.]
    • 2011, Tim Webb & Fiona Harvey, The Guardian, 23 March:
      Housebuilders had warned that the higher costs involved would have forced them to build fewer homes and priced many homebuyers out of the market.
  4. (transitive) To constrain by force; to overcome the limitations or resistance of. [from 16thc.]
  5. (transitive) To drive (something) by force, to propel (generally + prepositional phrase or adverb). [from 16thc.]
    • It stuck so fast, so deeply buried lay / That scarce the victor forced the steel away.
    • Ethelbert [] ordered that none should be forced into religion.
    • 2007, The Guardian, 4 November:
      In a groundbreaking move, the Pentagon is compensating servicemen seriously hurt when an American tank convoy forced them off the road.
  6. (transitive) To cause to occur (despite inertia, resistance etc.); to produce through force. [from 16thc.]
    • 2009, “All things to Althingi”, The Economist, 23 July:
      The second problem is the economy, the shocking state of which has forced the decision to apply to the EU.
  7. (transitive) To forcibly open (a door, lock etc.). [from 17thc.]
  8. To obtain or win by strength; to take by violence or struggle; specifically, to capture by assault; to storm, as a fortress.
  9. (transitive, baseball) To create an out by touching a base in advance of a runner who has no base to return to while in possession of a ball which has already touched the ground.
  10. (whist) To compel (an adversary or partner) to trump a trick by leading a suit that he/she does not hold.
  11. (archaic) To put in force; to cause to be executed; to make binding; to enforce.
  12. (archaic) To provide with forces; to reinforce; to strengthen by soldiers; to man; to garrison.
  13. (obsolete) To allow the force of; to value; to care for.
Derived terms
  • enforce
  • forceful
  • forcible
Translations

See also

  • Imperial unit: foot pound
  • metric unit: newton
  • coerce: To control by force.

Etymology 3

From Middle English force, forz, fors, from Old Norse fors (waterfall), from Proto-Germanic *fursaz (waterfall). Cognate with Icelandic foss (waterfall), Norwegian foss (waterfall), Swedish fors (waterfall). Doublet of foss.

Noun

force (plural forces)

  1. (countable, Northern England) A waterfall or cascade.
    • 1778, Thomas West, A Guide to the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire
      to see the falls or force of the river Kent
Derived terms
  • forcefall
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English forcen, forsen, a use of force, with confusion of farce (to stuff).

Verb

force (third-person singular simple present forces, present participle forcing, simple past and past participle forced)

  1. To stuff; to lard; to farce.

Derived terms

  • forcemeat

Further reading

  • force at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • force in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • force in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Cofer, Corfe, corfe

French

Etymology

From Middle French force, from Old French force, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin *fortia, re-analyzed as a feminine singular from the neuter plural of Latin fortis. Compare Catalan força, Portuguese força, Italian forza, Spanish fuerza.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔʁs/
  • Rhymes: -ɔʁs
  • Homophones: forcent, forces

Noun

force f (plural forces)

  1. force
  2. strength

Synonyms

  • pouvoir
  • puissance
  • violence

Derived terms

Adjective

force (invariable)

  1. (archaic) Many; a lot of; a great quantity of.

Verb

force

  1. first/third-person singular present indicative of forcer
  2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of forcer
  3. second-person singular imperative of forcer

Further reading

  • “force” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French force.

Noun

force f (plural forces)

  1. force (physical effort; physical might)

Descendants

  • French: force

Old French

Alternative forms

  • forche (Picardy, Old Northern French)
  • fors

Etymology

From Late Latin or Vulgar Latin *fortia, re-analyzed as a feminine singular from the neuter plural of Latin fortis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɔr.t͡sə/

Noun

force f (oblique plural forces, nominative singular force, nominative plural forces)

  1. strength; might

Related terms

  • esforcer
  • esfort
  • fort
  • forteresce

Descendants

  • Middle French: force
    • French: force
  • Walloon: foice
  • Middle English: force / fors / forse
    • English: force

Portuguese

Verb

force

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of forçar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of forçar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of forçar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of forçar


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English pushen, poshen, posson, borrowed from Middle French pousser (Modern French pousser) from Old French poulser, from Latin pulsare, frequentative of pellere (past participle pulsus) “to beat, strike”. Doublet of pulsate. Displaced native Middle English thrucchen (“to push”; > Modern English thrutch) (from Old English þryccan (to push)), Middle English scauten (to push, thrust) (from Old Norse skota), Middle English thuden, thudden (to push, press, thrust) (from Old English þȳdan, þyddan (to thrust, press, push)). Partially displaced Middle English schoven (to push, shove) (from Old English scofian), Middle English schuven (to shove, push) (from Old English scūfan, scēofan (to shove, push, thrust))

Pronunciation

  • enPR: po͝osh, IPA(key): /pʊʃ/
  • (Appalachian) IPA(key): [puʃ]
  • IPA(key): [pʷʊʃ]
  • Rhymes: -ʊʃ

Verb

push (third-person singular simple present pushes, present participle pushing, simple past and past participle pushed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To apply a force to (an object) such that it moves away from the person or thing applying the force.
  2. (transitive) To continually attempt to persuade (a person) into a particular course of action.
    • December 7, 1710, Jonathan Swift, The Examiner, Number 18
      We are pushed for an answer.
    • December 22, 1711, letter to The Spectator
      Ambition [] pushes the soul to such actions as are apt to procure honour and reputation to the actor.
  3. (transitive) To press or urge forward; to drive.
    • to push his fortune
  4. (transitive) To continually promote (a point of view, a product for sale, etc.).
  5. (intransitive) To continually exert oneself in order to achieve a goal.
  6. (informal, transitive) To approach; to come close to.
    (= he’s nearly sixty years old)
  7. (intransitive) To tense the muscles in the abdomen in order to expel its contents.
  8. (intransitive) To continue to attempt to persuade a person into a particular course of action.
  9. To make a higher bid at an auction.
  10. (poker) To make an all-in bet.
  11. (chess, transitive) To move (a pawn) directly forward.
  12. (computing) To add (a data item) to the top of a stack.
  13. (computing) To publish (an update, etc.) by transmitting it to other computers.
  14. (obsolete) To thrust the points of the horns against; to gore.
    • If the ox shall push a manservant or maidservant, [] the ox shall be stoned.
  15. To burst out of its pot, as a bud or shoot.
  16. (snooker) To strike the cue ball in such a way that it stays in contact with the cue and object ball at the same time (a foul shot).
Synonyms
  • (transitive: apply a force to (an object) so it moves away): press, shove, thrutch
  • (continue to attempt to persuade): press, urge
  • (continue to promote): press, advertise, promote
  • (come close to): approach, near
  • (intransitive: apply force to an object so that it moves away): press, shove, thring
  • (tense the muscles in the abdomen in order to expel its contents): bear down
Antonyms
  • (apply a force to something so it moves away): draw, pull, tug
  • (put onto a stack): pop
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
  • pedal pushers
  • push it
Translations

Noun

push (countable and uncountable, plural pushes)

  1. A short, directed application of force; an act of pushing.
  2. An act of tensing the muscles of the abdomen in order to expel its contents.
  3. A great effort (to do something).
  4. An attempt to persuade someone into a particular course of action.
  5. (military) A marching or drill maneuver/manoeuvre performed by moving a formation (especially a company front) forward or toward the audience, usually to accompany a dramatic climax or crescendo in the music.
  6. A wager that results in no loss or gain for the bettor as a result of a tie or even score
  7. (computing) The addition of a data item to the top of a stack.
  8. (Internet, uncountable) The situation where a server sends data to a client without waiting for a request.
  9. (slang, Britain, obsolete, now chiefly Australia) A particular crowd or throng or people.
    • 1891, Banjo Paterson, An Evening in Dandaloo
      Till some wild, excited person
      Galloped down the township cursing,
      “Sydney push have mobbed Macpherson,
      Roll up, Dandaloo!”
    • 1994, David Malouf, A First Place, Vintage 2015, p. 37:
      My father [] was soon as unambiguously Australian as any other member of the rough Rugby pushes that in the years before the Great War made up the mixed and liverly world of South Brisbane.
  10. (snooker) A foul shot in which the cue ball is in contact with the cue and the object ball at the same time
Derived terms
  • give someone the push
  • push factor
Translations

Etymology 2

Probably French poche. See pouch.

Pronunciation

Noun

push (plural pushes)

  1. (obsolete, Britain, dialect) A pustule; a pimple.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Praise
      a Push rise upon his Nose

References

  • push in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • push at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • PHUs, Phus, shup

Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *puša, from *puksja, from Proto-Indo-European *pewk- (covered with hair, bushy). Related to Sanskrit पुच्छ (púccha, tail), Proto-Slavic *puxъ (down).

Noun

push m (indefinite plural pusha, definite singular pushi, definite plural pushat)

  1. light hair, fluff, down, nap, pile

References


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