force vs storm what difference

what is difference between force and storm

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) enPR: fôrs, IPA(key): /fɔɹs/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɔːs/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) enPR: fōrs, IPA(key): /fo(ː)ɹs/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /foəs/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)s

Etymology 1

From Middle English force, fors, forse, from Old French force, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin *fortia, from neuter plural of Latin fortis (strong), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, high, hill).

Noun

force (countable and uncountable, plural forces)

  1. Strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigour; might; capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect.
  2. Power exerted against will or consent; compulsory power; violence; coercion.
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, part II
      which now they hold by force, and not by right
  3. (countable) Anything that is able to make a substantial change in a person or thing.
  4. (countable, physics) A physical quantity that denotes ability to push, pull, twist or accelerate a body and which has a direction and is measured in a unit dimensioned in mass × distance/time² (ML/T²): SI: newton (N); CGS: dyne (dyn)
  5. Something or anything that has the power to produce a physical effect upon something else, such as causing it to move or change shape.
  6. (countable) A group that aims to attack, control, or constrain.
    • 1611, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline
      Is Lucius general of the forces?
  7. (uncountable) The ability to attack, control, or constrain.
  8. (countable) A magic trick in which the outcome is known to the magician beforehand, especially one involving the apparent free choice of a card by another person.
  9. (law) Legal validity.
  10. (law) Either unlawful violence, as in a “forced entry“, or lawful compulsion.
  11. (linguistics, semantics, pragmatics) Ability of an utterance or its element (word, form, prosody, …) to effect a given meaning.
  12. (humorous or science fiction, with the, often capitalized) A metaphysical and ubiquitous power from the fictional Star Wars universe created by George Lucas. See usage note. [1977]
  13. Synonym of police force (typically with preceding “the”)
Usage notes
  • Adjectives often applied to “force”: military, cultural, economic, gravitational, electric, magnetic, strong, weak, positive, negative, attractive, repulsive, good, evil, dark, physical, muscular, spiritual, intellectual, mental, emotional, rotational, tremendous, huge.
  • (science fiction): Outside of fiction, the force may be used as an alternative to invoking luck, destiny, or God. For example, the force was with him instead of luck was on his side, or may the force be with you instead of may God be with you.
Hyponyms
Derived terms
  • may the Force be with you
  • workforce
Related terms
Translations

References

  • force on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

From Middle English forcen, from Old French forcer, from Late Latin *fortiāre, from Latin fortia.

Verb

force (third-person singular simple present forces, present participle forcing, simple past and past participle forced)

  1. (transitive) To violate (a woman); to rape. [from 14thc.]
  2. (obsolete, reflexive, intransitive) To exert oneself, to do one’s utmost. [from 14thc.]
    • And I pray you for my sake to force yourselff there, that men may speke you worshyp.
  3. (transitive) To compel (someone or something) to do something. [from 15thc.]
    • 2011, Tim Webb & Fiona Harvey, The Guardian, 23 March:
      Housebuilders had warned that the higher costs involved would have forced them to build fewer homes and priced many homebuyers out of the market.
  4. (transitive) To constrain by force; to overcome the limitations or resistance of. [from 16thc.]
  5. (transitive) To drive (something) by force, to propel (generally + prepositional phrase or adverb). [from 16thc.]
    • It stuck so fast, so deeply buried lay / That scarce the victor forced the steel away.
    • Ethelbert [] ordered that none should be forced into religion.
    • 2007, The Guardian, 4 November:
      In a groundbreaking move, the Pentagon is compensating servicemen seriously hurt when an American tank convoy forced them off the road.
  6. (transitive) To cause to occur (despite inertia, resistance etc.); to produce through force. [from 16thc.]
    • 2009, “All things to Althingi”, The Economist, 23 July:
      The second problem is the economy, the shocking state of which has forced the decision to apply to the EU.
  7. (transitive) To forcibly open (a door, lock etc.). [from 17thc.]
  8. To obtain or win by strength; to take by violence or struggle; specifically, to capture by assault; to storm, as a fortress.
  9. (transitive, baseball) To create an out by touching a base in advance of a runner who has no base to return to while in possession of a ball which has already touched the ground.
  10. (whist) To compel (an adversary or partner) to trump a trick by leading a suit that he/she does not hold.
  11. (archaic) To put in force; to cause to be executed; to make binding; to enforce.
  12. (archaic) To provide with forces; to reinforce; to strengthen by soldiers; to man; to garrison.
  13. (obsolete) To allow the force of; to value; to care for.
Derived terms
  • enforce
  • forceful
  • forcible
Translations

See also

  • Imperial unit: foot pound
  • metric unit: newton
  • coerce: To control by force.

Etymology 3

From Middle English force, forz, fors, from Old Norse fors (waterfall), from Proto-Germanic *fursaz (waterfall). Cognate with Icelandic foss (waterfall), Norwegian foss (waterfall), Swedish fors (waterfall). Doublet of foss.

Noun

force (plural forces)

  1. (countable, Northern England) A waterfall or cascade.
    • 1778, Thomas West, A Guide to the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire
      to see the falls or force of the river Kent
Derived terms
  • forcefall
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English forcen, forsen, a use of force, with confusion of farce (to stuff).

Verb

force (third-person singular simple present forces, present participle forcing, simple past and past participle forced)

  1. To stuff; to lard; to farce.

Derived terms

  • forcemeat

Further reading

  • force at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • force in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • force in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Cofer, Corfe, corfe

French

Etymology

From Middle French force, from Old French force, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin *fortia, re-analyzed as a feminine singular from the neuter plural of Latin fortis. Compare Catalan força, Portuguese força, Italian forza, Spanish fuerza.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔʁs/
  • Rhymes: -ɔʁs
  • Homophones: forcent, forces

Noun

force f (plural forces)

  1. force
  2. strength

Synonyms

  • pouvoir
  • puissance
  • violence

Derived terms

Adjective

force (invariable)

  1. (archaic) Many; a lot of; a great quantity of.

Verb

force

  1. first/third-person singular present indicative of forcer
  2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of forcer
  3. second-person singular imperative of forcer

Further reading

  • “force” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French force.

Noun

force f (plural forces)

  1. force (physical effort; physical might)

Descendants

  • French: force

Old French

Alternative forms

  • forche (Picardy, Old Northern French)
  • fors

Etymology

From Late Latin or Vulgar Latin *fortia, re-analyzed as a feminine singular from the neuter plural of Latin fortis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɔr.t͡sə/

Noun

force f (oblique plural forces, nominative singular force, nominative plural forces)

  1. strength; might

Related terms

  • esforcer
  • esfort
  • fort
  • forteresce

Descendants

  • Middle French: force
    • French: force
  • Walloon: foice
  • Middle English: force / fors / forse
    • English: force

Portuguese

Verb

force

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of forçar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of forçar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of forçar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of forçar


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /stɔːm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /stɔɹm/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)m

Etymology 1

From Middle English storm, from Old English storm (a storm, tempest; a storm of arrows; disturbance, disquiet; uproar, tumult; rush, onrush, attack, violent attack), from Proto-West Germanic *sturm, from Proto-Germanic *sturmaz (storm), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)twerH- (to rotate, swirl, twirl, move around). Related to stir.

Noun

storm (plural storms)

  1. Any disturbed state of the atmosphere, especially as affecting the earth’s surface, and strongly implying destructive or unpleasant weather.
  2. (Australia) A thunderstorm.
  3. A violent agitation of human society; a civil, political, or domestic commotion; violent outbreak.
  4. (meteorology) a wind scale for very strong wind, stronger than a gale, less than a hurricane (10 or higher on the Beaufort scale).
  5. (military) A violent assault on a stronghold or fortified position.
Hyponyms
  • See also Thesaurus:storm
Coordinate terms
  • (meteorology): breeze, gale, hurricane
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Esperanto: ŝtormo
  • Irish: stoirm
  • Scottish Gaelic: stoirm
Translations

See also

  • blizzard

Etymology 2

From Middle English stormen, sturmen, from Old English styrman (to storm, rage; make a great noise, cry aloud, shout), from Proto-West Germanic *sturmijan, from Proto-Germanic *sturmijaną (to storm). Cognate with Dutch stormen (to storm; bluster), Low German stormen (to storm), German stürmen (to storm; rage; attack; assault), Swedish storma (to storm; bluster), Icelandic storma (to storm).

Verb

storm (third-person singular simple present storms, present participle storming, simple past and past participle stormed)

  1. (impersonal) (weather it) be violent, with strong winds and usually rain, thunder, lightning, or snow.
  2. (intransitive) (figuratively) rage or fume; be in a violent temper.
    • 1731, Jonathan Swift, Directions to Servants
      The master storms, the lady scolds.
  3. (intransitive, with adverbial of direction) move quickly and noisily like a storm, usually in a state of uproar or anger.
  4. (transitive) [army; crowd, rioters] assault (a significant building) with the aim to gain power over it.
  5. (transitive) (rare, poetic) to assault, gain power over (heart, mind+).
Derived terms
  • bestorm
Translations

Further reading

  • storm on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Beaufort scale on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Storm in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Anagrams

  • Morts, morts

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch storm.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔrm/, [stɔɾm], [ˈstɔɾəm]
  • The plural is almost always disyllabic.

Noun

storm (plural storms)

  1. storm

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse stormr (storm), from Proto-Germanic *sturmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)twer-, *(s)tur- (to rotate, swirl, twirl, move around).

Noun

storm c (singular definite stormen, plural indefinite storme)

  1. storm

Inflection

Verb

storm

  1. imperative of storme

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔrm/
  • Hyphenation: storm
  • Rhymes: -ɔrm

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch storm, from Old Dutch *storm, from Proto-West Germanic *sturm, from Proto-Germanic *sturmaz.

Noun

storm m (plural stormen, diminutive stormpje n)

  1. storm; a wind scale for very strong wind, stronger than a gale, less than a hurricane.
  2. (of sieges or battles) assault, storming
    Synonym: bestorming
Usage notes

Unlike English storm, the Dutch word is not associated with rainfall. A storm may, of course, be accompanied by rainfall, but the word as such refers only to strong winds.

Derived terms
  • stormen
  • stormachtig
  • stormvloed
  • stormweer
  • stormwind
  • beeldenstorm
  • hagelstorm
  • regenstorm
  • sneeuwstorm
  • wervelstorm
  • zandstorm
  • zeestorm
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: storm
  • Negerhollands: storm
  • Papiamentu: storm

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

storm

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stormen
  2. imperative of stormen

Anagrams

  • morst

Icelandic

Noun

storm

  1. indefinite accusative singular of stormur

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch *storm, from Proto-West Germanic *sturm.

Noun

storm m

  1. storm, violent weather
  2. storm, heavy wind
  3. storm, assault

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Dutch: storm
  • Limburgish: stórm

Further reading

  • “storm (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “storm”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • storme, strom, starme, storem (all but the first are rare)

Etymology

Inherited from Old English storm.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔrm/

Noun

storm (plural stormes)

  1. A storm; an instance of intense wind and precipitation (including a snowstorm)
  2. An armed dispute, brawl or fight; an instance of combativeness.
  3. (rare) Any intense event, happening, or force.

Related terms

  • stormy

Descendants

  • English: storm
    • Esperanto: ŝtormo
    • Irish: stoirm
    • Scottish Gaelic: stoirm
  • Scots: storm
  • Yola: stharm, starm

References

  • “storm, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-10-08.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse stormr, from Proto-Germanic *sturmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)twer-, *(s)tur- (to rotate, swirl, twirl, move around).

Noun

storm m (definite singular stormen, indefinite plural stormer, definite plural stormene)

  1. a storm
    en storm i et vannglass – a storm in a teacup (British)
Derived terms
Related terms
  • storme

Etymology 2

Verb

storm

  1. imperative of storme

References

  • “storm” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse stormr, from Proto-Germanic *sturmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)twer-, *(s)tur- (to rotate, swirl, twirl, move around). Akin to English storm.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔrm/

Noun

storm m (definite singular stormen, indefinite plural stormar, definite plural stormane)

  1. storm (a very strong wind, stronger than a gale, less than a hurricane)

Derived terms

References

  • “storm” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Alternative forms

  • stearm

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *sturm, whence also Old Saxon storm, Old High German sturm, Old Norse stormr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /storm/, [storˠm]

Noun

storm m

  1. storm

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: storm
    • English: storm
      • Esperanto: ŝtormo
      • Irish: stoirm
      • Scottish Gaelic: stoirm
    • Scots: storm
    • Yola: stharm, starm

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish stormber, from Old Norse stormr, from Proto-Germanic *sturmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)twer-, *(s)tur- (to rotate, swirl, twirl, move around).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔrm/

Noun

storm c

  1. storm; heavy winds or weather associated with storm winds.

Declension

See also

  • ta någon med storm
  • storma
  • storma in
  • snöstorm
  • höststorm

Anagrams

  • smort

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