forge vs shape what difference

what is difference between forge and shape

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɔːd͡ʒ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɔɹd͡ʒ/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /fo(ː)ɹd͡ʒ/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /foəd͡ʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)dʒ

Etymology 1

From Middle English forge, from Old French forge, early Old French faverge, from Latin fabrica (workshop), from faber (workman in hard materials, smith) (genitive fabri). Cognate with Franco-Provençal favèrge.

Noun

forge (plural forges)

  1. Furnace or hearth where metals are heated prior to hammering them into shape.
  2. Workshop in which metals are shaped by heating and hammering them.
  3. The act of beating or working iron or steel.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English forgen, from Anglo-Norman forger and Old French forgier, from Latin fabrico (to frame, construct, build).

Verb

forge (third-person singular simple present forges, present participle forging, simple past and past participle forged)

  1. (metallurgy) To shape a metal by heating and hammering.
    • On Mars’s armor forged for proof eterne
  2. To form or create with concerted effort.
    • ?, Alfred Tennyson, Geraint and Enid
      [] do forge a life-long trouble for ourselves.
  3. To create a forgery of; to make a counterfeit item of; to copy or imitate unlawfully.
  4. To make falsely; to produce, as that which is untrue or not genuine; to fabricate.
    • 1663, Samuel Butler, Hudibras
      That paltry story is untrue, / And forged to cheat such gulls as you.
Derived terms
  • forgery
Translations

Etymology 3

Make way, move ahead, most likely an alteration of force, but perhaps from forge (n.), via notion of steady hammering at something. Originally nautical, in reference to vessels.

Verb

forge (third-person singular simple present forges, present participle forging, simple past and past participle forged)

  1. (often as forge ahead) To move forward heavily and slowly (originally as a ship); to advance gradually but steadily; to proceed towards a goal in the face of resistance or difficulty.
    The party of explorers forged through the thick underbrush.
    We decided to forge ahead with our plans even though our biggest underwriter backed out.
    • 1849, Thomas De Quincey, Dream-Fugue (published in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine)
      And off she [a ship] forged without a shock.
  2. (sometimes as forge ahead) To advance, move or act with an abrupt increase in speed or energy.
    With seconds left in the race, the runner forged into first place.
Translations

See also

  • fabricate
  • make up
  • blacksmith

Anagrams

  • go-fer, gofer

French

Etymology

From Old French forge, from earlier faverge, inherited from Latin fābrica. Doublet of fabrique, which was borrowed.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔʁʒ/

Noun

forge f (plural forges)

  1. forge (workshop)
  2. forge (furnace)

Descendants

  • Catalan: forja
  • Franco-Provençal: fôrge
  • Galician: forxa
  • Italian: forgia
  • Portuguese: forja
  • Romanian: forjă
  • Spanish: forja

Verb

forge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of forger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of forger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of forger
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of forger
  5. second-person singular imperative of forger

Further reading

  • “forge” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old French forge, from earlier faverge, from Latin fabrica.

Alternative forms

  • fforge

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɔrdʒ(ə)/, /ˈfɔːrdʒ(ə)/

Noun

forge

  1. forge (workshop)
Descendants
  • English: forge
  • Scots: forge
References
  • “fō̆rǧe, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

Verb

forge

  1. Alternative form of forgen

Old French

Etymology

From older faverge, from Latin fābrica.

Noun

forge f (oblique plural forges, nominative singular forge, nominative plural forges)

  1. forge (workshop)

Descendants

  • French: forge
    • Catalan: forja
    • Franco-Provençal: fôrge
    • Galician: forxa
    • Italian: forgia
    • Portuguese: forja
    • Romanian: forjă
    • Spanish: forja
  • Middle English: forge, fforge
    • English: forge
    • Scots: forge


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: shāp, IPA(key): /ʃeɪp/
  • Rhymes: -eɪp

Etymology

From Middle English shap, schape, from Old English ġesceap (shape, form, created being, creature, creation, dispensation, fate, condition, sex, gender, genitalia), from Proto-West Germanic *ga- + *skap, from Proto-Germanic *ga- + *skapą (shape, nature, condition), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kep- (to split, cut). Cognate with Middle Dutch schap (form), Middle High German geschaf (creature), Icelandic skap (state, condition, temper, mood).

The verb is from Middle English shapen, schapen, from Old English scieppan (to shape, form, make, create, assign, arrange, destine, order, adjudge), from Proto-Germanic *skapjaną (to create), from the noun. Cognate with Dutch scheppen, German schaffen, Swedish skapa (create, make), Norwegian skapa (create).

Noun

shape (countable and uncountable, plural shapes)

  1. The status or condition of something
    The used bookshop wouldn’t offer much due to the poor shape of the book.
  2. Condition of personal health, especially muscular health.
    The vet checked to see what kind of shape the animal was in.
    We exercise to keep in good physical shape.
  3. The appearance of something in terms of its arrangement in space, especially its outline; often a basic geometric two-dimensional figure.
    He cut a square shape out of the cake.
    What shape shall we use for the cookies? Stars, circles, or diamonds?
  4. Form; formation.
    • 2006, Berdj Kenadjian, Martin Zakarian, From Darkness to Light:
      What if God’s plans and actions do mold the shape of human events?
  5. (iron manufacture) A rolled or hammered piece, such as a bar, beam, angle iron, etc., having a cross section different from merchant bar.
  6. (iron manufacture) A piece which has been roughly forged nearly to the form it will receive when completely forged or fitted.
  7. (cooking, now rare) A mould for making jelly, blancmange etc., or a piece of such food formed moulded into a particular shape.
    • 1918, Rebecca West, The Return of the Soldier, Virago 2014, page 74:
      ‘And if I’m late for supper there’s a dish of macaroni cheese you must put in the oven and a tin of tomatoes to eat with it. And there’s a little rhubarb and shape.’
    • 1978, Jane Gardam, God on the Rocks, Abacus 2014, p. 111:
      It was brawn and shape for high tea.
  8. (gambling) A loaded die.
    • 1961, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Gambling and Organized Crime: Hearings (page 76)
      A top cheater seldom ever uses shapes or loaded dice because they do not assure you of winning.
  9. (programming) In the Hack programming language, a group of data fields each of which has a name and a data type.

Hyponyms

  • See also Thesaurus:shape

Hyponyms

  • contest shape

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • Appendix:Forms and shapes

Verb

shape (third-person singular simple present shapes, present participle shaping, simple past shaped or (obsolete) shope, past participle shaped or (archaic) shapen)

  1. (Northern England, Scotland, rare) To create or make.
    • 1685, Satan’s Invisible World Discoveredː
      Which the mighty God of heaven shope.
  2. (transitive) To give something a shape and definition.
    • 1932, The American Scholar, page 227, United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa
      The professor never pretended to the academic prerogative of forcing his students into his own channels of reasoning; he entered into and helped shape the discussion but above all he made his men learn to think for themselves and rely upon their own intellectual judgments.
  3. To form or manipulate something into a certain shape.
  4. (of a country, person, etc) To give influence to.
  5. To suit; to be adjusted or conformable.
  6. (obsolete) To imagine; to conceive.

Synonyms

  • (give shape): form, mold, (rare) shapen

Derived terms

  • beshape
  • foreshape
  • forshape
  • misshape
  • overshape
  • shape up

Translations

References

  • The Dictionary of the Scots Language
  • shape in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • shape at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • HEPAs, Heaps, ephas, heaps, phase

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