forgiveness vs pardon what difference

what is difference between forgiveness and pardon

English

Etymology

From Middle English forgiveness, forgifnes, from Old English forġifnes, forġiefnes, forġiefennes (forgiveness, remission, indulgence, permission, literally forgivenness), equivalent to forgiven +‎ -ness. Cognate with Dutch vergiffenis.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɚˈɡɪvnəs/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fəˈɡɪvnəs/
  • Hyphenation: for‧give‧ness

Noun

forgiveness (usually uncountable, plural forgivenesses)

  1. The action of forgiving.
    • 1931, Mahatma Gandhi, Young India
      The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
  2. Readiness to forgive.

Synonyms

  • (action of forgiving): remission
  • (readiness to forgive): mercy

Translations

References

  • forgiveness in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


English

Etymology

From Middle English pardonen, from Old French pardoner (modern French pardonner), from Vulgar Latin *perdonare, from per- + donare, a loan-translation of a Germanic word represented by Frankish *firgeban (to forgive, give up completely), from *fir- + *geban. Akin to Old High German fargeban, firgeban (to forgive), Old English forġiefan (to forgive). More at forgive.

Pronunciation

  • (Canada) IPA(key): /ˈpɑɹ.dən/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɑːdən/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɑɹ.dn̩/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)dən

Noun

pardon (countable and uncountable, plural pardons)

  1. Forgiveness for an offence.
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa
      [] a step, that could not be taken with the least hope of ever obtaining pardon from or reconciliation with any of my friends; []
  2. (law) An order that releases a convicted criminal without further punishment, prevents future punishment, or (in some jurisdictions) removes an offence from a person’s criminal record, as if it had never been committed.
    • 1974: President Gerald Ford, Proclamation 4311
      I [] have granted and by these presents do grant a full, free, and absolute pardon unto Richard Nixon for all offenses against the United States []

Derived terms

  • I beg your pardon

Translations

Verb

pardon (third-person singular simple present pardons, present participle pardoning, simple past and past participle pardoned)

  1. (transitive) To forgive (a person).
    • 1599: William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar
      O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, / That I am meek and gentle with these butchers!
    • 1815: Jane Austen, Emma
      I hope you will not find he has outstepped the truth more than may be pardoned, in consideration of the motive.
  2. (transitive) To refrain from exacting as a penalty.
  3. (transitive, law) To grant an official pardon for a crime.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I,
      The murderer, he recalled, had been tried and sentenced to imprisonment for life, but was pardoned by a merciful governor after serving a year of his sentence.

Derived terms

  • pardonable
  • pardoner
  • pardon me
  • pardon my French
  • unpardonable

Translations

Interjection

pardon?

  1. Often used when someone does not understand what another person says.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:say again

Translations

Anagrams

  • Padron

Czech

Alternative forms

  • pardón

Interjection

pardon

  1. sorry, I’m sorry, I beg your pardon, I apologize

Synonyms

  • omlouvám se, promiňte, promiň, sorry, soráč

Further reading

  • pardon in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pardon in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from French pardon.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɑrˈdɔn/
  • Hyphenation: par‧don
  • Rhymes: -ɔn

Interjection

pardon

  1. I’m sorry, pardon

Descendants

  • Negerhollands: pardon, bardon

Noun

pardon n (plural pardons)

  1. (law) pardon, clemency

Descendants

  • Negerhollands: pardon, bardon

French

Etymology

Deverbal of pardonner.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paʁ.dɔ̃/

Interjection

pardon

  1. excuse me
  2. sorry

Descendants

  • Bulgarian: пардо́н (pardón, colloquial)
  • Czech: pardon (colloquial)
  • English: pardon
  • Russian: пардо́н (pardón, colloquial)

Noun

pardon m (plural pardons)

  1. pardon, forgiveness

Derived terms

  • demander pardon
  • Grand Pardon

Further reading

  • “pardon” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • pondra

Hungarian

Etymology

From French pardon.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /parˈdon/
  • Rhymes: -on

Interjection

pardon

  1. pardon!, pardon me!, excuse me!, I beg your pardon!, sorry!

Further reading

  • pardon in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Polish

Etymology

From French pardon.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpar.dɔn/

Noun

pardon m inan

  1. (dated) pardon, forgiveness
    Synonyms: przebaczenie, wybaczenie

Declension

Derived terms

  • (adjective) bezpardonowy
  • (verb) pardonować

Interjection

pardon

  1. (colloquial) sorry, excuse me, I beg your pardon
    Synonym: przepraszam

Further reading

  • pardon in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pardon in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

Etymology

From French pardon.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /parˈdon/

Interjection

pardon

  1. pardon!, pardon me!, excuse me!, I beg your pardon!, sorry!

Noun

pardon n (uncountable)

  1. (dated) pardon, pardoning, forgiveness, excuse

Synonyms

  • iertare, scuză

See also

  • poftim

Swedish

Noun

pardon c

  1. mercy

Synonyms

  • nåd

Anagrams

  • pandor

Turkish

Etymology

Borrowed from French pardon.

Interjection

pardon

  1. pardon!, pardon me!, excuse me!, I beg your pardon!, sorry!

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