form vs kind what difference

what is difference between form and kind

English

Alternative forms

  • forme (rare or archaic)

Etymology

From Middle English forme (shape, figure, manner, bench, frame, seat, condition, agreement, etc.), borrowed from Old French forme, from Latin fōrma (shape, figure, image, outline, plan, mold, frame, case, etc., manner, sort, kind, etc.)

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɔːm/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɔɹm/
  • Hyphenation: form
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)m

Noun

form (countable and uncountable, plural forms)

  1. (heading, physical) To do with shape.
    1. The shape or visible structure of a thing or person.
      • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
        Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
    2. A thing that gives shape to other things as in a mold.
    3. Regularity, beauty, or elegance.
    4. (philosophy) The inherent nature of an object; that which the mind itself contributes as the condition of knowing; that in which the essence of a thing consists.
    5. Characteristics not involving atomic components. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
    6. (dated) A long bench with no back.
      • 1981, GB Edwards, The Book of Ebenezer Le Page, New York 2007, page 10:
        I can see the old schoolroom yet: the broken-down desks and the worn-out forms with knots in that got stuck into your backside [].
      • 2010, Stephen Fry, The Fry Chronicles: An Autobiography:
        The prefect grabbed me by the shoulders and steered me down a passageway, and down another and finally through a door that led into a long, low dining-room crowded with loudly breakfasting boys sitting on long, shiny oak forms, as benches used to be called.
    7. (fine arts) The boundary line of a material object. In painting, more generally, the human body.
    8. (crystallography) The combination of planes included under a general crystallographic symbol. It is not necessarily a closed solid.
  2. (social) To do with structure or procedure.
    1. An order of doing things, as in religious ritual.
    2. Established method of expression or practice; fixed way of proceeding; conventional or stated scheme; formula.
      • Those whom form of laws / Condemned to die.
    3. Constitution; mode of construction, organization, etc.; system.
    4. Show without substance; empty, outside appearance; vain, trivial, or conventional ceremony; conventionality; formality.
    5. (archaic) A class or rank in society.
      • ladies of a high form
    6. (Britain) A criminal record; loosely, past history (in a given area).
      • 2011, Jane Martinson, The Guardian, 4 May:
        It’s fair to say she has form on this: she has criticised David Cameron’s proposal to create all-women shortlists for prospective MPs, tried to ban women wearing high heels at work as the resulting pain made them take time off work, and tried to reduce the point at which an abortion can take place from 24 to 21 weeks.
    7. Level of performance.
      The team’s form has been poor this year.
      The orchestra was on top form this evening.
    8. (Britain, education) A class or year of school pupils (often preceded by an ordinal number to specify the year, as in sixth form).
      • 1928, George Bickerstaff, The mayor, and other folk
        One other day after afternoon school, Mr. Percival came behind me and put his hand on me. “Let me see, what’s your name? Which form are you in? []
      • 1976, Ronald King, School and college: studies of post-sixteen education
        From the sixth form will come the scholars and the administrators.
  3. A blank document or template to be filled in by the user.
  4. A specimen document to be copied or imitated.
  5. (grammar) A grouping of words which maintain grammatical context in different usages; the particular shape or structure of a word or part of speech.
  6. The den or home of a hare.
    • , I.iii.1.2:
      The Egyptians therefore in their hieroglyphics expressed a melancholy man by a hare sitting in her form, as being a most timorous and solitary creature.
    • 1974, Lawrence Durrell, Monsieur, Faber & Faber 1992, p.275:
      Hares left their snug ‘forms’ in the cold grass.
  7. (computing, programming) A window or dialogue box.
    • 1998, Gary Cornell, Visual Basic 6 from the ground up (p.426)
      While it is quite amazing how much one can do with Visual Basic with the code attached to a single form, to take full advantage of VB you’ll need to start using multiple forms and having the code on all the forms in your project interact.
    • 2010, Neil Smyth, C# Essentials
      Throughout this chapter we will work with a form in a new project.
  8. (taxonomy) An infraspecific rank.
  9. (printing, dated) The type or other matter from which an impression is to be taken, arranged and secured in a chase.
  10. (geometry) A quantic.
  11. (sports, fitness) A specific way of performing a movement.

Synonyms

  • (visible structure of a thing or person): shape; see also Thesaurus:shape
    • (visible structure of a person): figure; see also Thesaurus:physique
  • (thing that gives shape to other things): cast, cookie cutter, mold, pattern
  • (mode of construction): configuration, makeup; see also Thesaurus:composition
  • (blank document): formular
  • (pre-collegiate level): grade
  • (biology): f.

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Norwegian Bokmål: form

Translations

Verb

form (third-person singular simple present forms, present participle forming, simple past and past participle formed)

  1. (transitive) To assume (a certain shape or visible structure).
  2. (transitive) To give (a shape or visible structure) to a thing or person.
  3. (intransitive) To take shape.
  4. To put together or bring into being; assemble.
  5. (transitive, linguistics) To create (a word) by inflection or derivation.
  6. (transitive) To constitute, to compose, to make up.
    • 1948 May, Stanley Pashko, “The Biggest Family”, in Boys’ Life, Volume 38, Number 5, Boy Scouts of America, ISSN 0006-8608, p.10:
      Insects form the biggest family group in nature’s kingdom, and also the oldest.
  7. To mould or model by instruction or discipline.
    • 1731–1735, Alexander Pope, Moral Essays
      ‘Tis education forms the common mind.
    • Thus formed for speed, he challenges the wind.
  8. To provide (a hare) with a form.
    • The melancholy hare is formed in brakes and briers.
  9. (electrical, historical, transitive) To treat (plates) to prepare them for introduction into a storage battery, causing one plate to be composed more or less of spongy lead, and the other of lead peroxide. This was formerly done by repeated slow alternations of the charging current, but later the plates or grids were coated or filled, one with a paste of red lead and the other with litharge, introduced into the cell, and formed by a direct charging current.

Synonyms

  • (give shape): beshape, transmogrify; see also Thesaurus:form
  • (take shape): take form, take shape; see also Thesaurus:come into being
  • (constitute): compose, make up; see also Thesaurus:compose

Related terms

  • format
  • formation

Translations

Further reading

  • form in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • form in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • MoRF, from

Danish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin fōrma (shape, form).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔrm/, [fɒːˀm]

Noun

form c (singular definite formen, plural indefinite former)

  1. form
  2. shape

Declension

Noun

form c (singular definite formen, plural indefinite forme)

  1. mould
  2. tin (a metal pan used for baking, roasting, etc.)

Declension

Further reading

  • “form” in Den Danske Ordbog
  • form on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

German

Verb

form

  1. singular imperative of formen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of formen

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔrm/
  • Rhymes: -ɔrm
  • Hyphenation: form

Etymology 1

From Old Norse form, from Latin fōrma (form; figure, shape), perhaps from Etruscan *morma (*morma), from Ancient Greek μορφή (morphḗ, shape, form), possibly of Pre-Greek origin.

Noun

form f or m (definite singular forma or formen, indefinite plural former, definite plural formene)

  1. a form, shape (the outer space of a thing; figure, outline)
    1. (in the plural) curves (the shape of a human, but especially a woman’s body)
    2. a shape, form (way in which details, especially outer lines, are prepared, arranged, assembled into a harmonious whole)
    3. form (way of expressing oneself; way of acting)
      Synonym: innhold
    4. a form, design (the way in which something acts, is organized or manifests itself)
    5. (physics, sciences) a state (the physical property of matter as solid, liquid, gas or plasma)
      Synonym: aggregattilstand
    6. (biology) a level below species in the classification of organisms, where there is a less systematic variation between individuals of the same species
  2. a type, kind, form (a category; a group of entities that have common characteristics such that they may be grouped together)
  3. (philosophy) a form (an eternal type of thing or idea, especially in Plato’s philosophy)
  4. (philosophy, natural science) the formal cause (the design, pattern, or pure concept of a thing, which gives form or structure to its matter, in Aristotelianism)
  5. (philosophy) form (summary of the manifold, the material of experience, into unity in consciousness – especially in Kant’s philosophy)
  6. a norm (a rule that is imposed by regulations and/or socially enforced by members of a community)
    1. (in the plural) etiquette (the customary behavior of members of a profession, business, law, or sports team towards each other)
    Synonym: etikette
  7. (linguistics, grammar) a form (a grouping of words which maintain grammatical context in different usages; the particular shape or structure of a word or part of speech)
  8. a form, mold (a hollow form or matrix for shaping a fluid or plastic substance)
    1. (typography) a printing form (an object, usually in the shape of a block or a plate, used in printing to apply ink on the printed surface)
      Synonym: trykkform
    2. (technology) an extruder (a machine that extrudes material through shaped dies)
      Synonym: ekstruder

Derived terms

Etymology 2

From English form, from Middle English forme (shape, figure, manner, bench, frame, seat, condition, agreement), from Old French forme, from Latin fōrma (form; figure, shape), perhaps from Etruscan *morma (*morma), from Ancient Greek μορφή (morphḗ, shape, form), possibly of Pre-Greek origin.

Noun

form f or m (definite singular forma or formen, indefinite plural former, definite plural formene)

  1. (physical) shape, form (a human or animal’s physical condition, especially in terms of endurance and athletic performance)
    Synonyms: kondisjon, frisk, sunn
Related terms
  • forme (to form)

Etymology 3

Verb

form

  1. imperative of forme

References

  • “form” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “form” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “form (algebra)”, “form (filosofi)”, “form (idrett)”, “form (jus)”, “form (kunst)”, “form (språkvitenskap)”, “form (teknikk)”, “form (musikk)”, “form (matematisk analyse)” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams

  • from, morf

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin forma.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔrm/

Noun

form f (definite singular forma, indefinite plural former, definite plural formene)

  1. form
  2. shape
  3. a mould (e.g. for cast products)

Derived terms

Related terms

  • -forma
  • forme

References

  • “form” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish forma, borrowed from Latin forma.

Pronunciation

Noun

form c

  1. a form, a shape
  2. a form, a mold, a dish, a tray, a tin, a piece of ovenware

Declension

Related terms

shape
  • cirkelform
  • ellipsform
  • forma
mold
  • formfranska
  • formgjuta
  • gjutform
  • kakform
  • knäckform
  • pajform

Anagrams

  • fr.o.m., from

Turkish

Etymology

From French forme.

Noun

form (definite accusative formu, plural formlar)

  1. form

Declension


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: kīnd, IPA(key): /kaɪnd/
  • Rhymes: -aɪnd

Etymology 1

From Middle English kynde, kunde, cunde, icunde, from Old English cynd (generation, kind, nature, race), ġecynd, from Proto-Germanic *kundiz, *gakundiz, related to *kunją. Cognate with Icelandic kind (race, species, kind). Doublet of gens, genesis, and jati. See also kin.

Alternative forms

  • kinde, kynd, kynde (obsolete)

Noun

kind (plural kinds)

  1. A type, race or category; a group of entities that have common characteristics such that they may be grouped together.
  2. A makeshift or otherwise atypical specimen.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VIII
      I got my traps out of the canoe and made me a nice camp in the thick woods. I made a kind of a tent out of my blankets to put my things under so the rain couldn’t get at them.
  3. (archaic) One’s inherent nature; character, natural disposition.
  4. (archaic) Family, lineage.
    • “She Moved through the Fair” (traditional Irish folk song)
      My young love said to me, My mother won’t mind
      And my father won’t slight you for your lack of kind.
  5. (archaic) Manner.
  6. Goods or services used as payment, as e.g. in barter.
    • 1691, John Dryden, Prologue to King Arthur
      Some of you, on pure instinct of nature, / Are led by kind t’admire your fellow-creature.
  7. Equivalent means used as response to an action.
  8. (Christianity) Each of the two elements of the communion service, bread and wine.
Usage notes

In sense “goods or services” or “equivalent means”, used almost exclusively with “in” in expression in kind.

Synonyms
  • genre
  • sort
  • type
  • derivative

(1) and/or (2)

  • generation
  • offspring
  • child
  • See also Thesaurus:class
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English kinde, kunde, kende, from Old English cynde, ġecynde (innate, natural, native), from Old English cynd, ġecynd (nature, kind).

Alternative forms

  • kinde (obsolete)

Adjective

kind (comparative kinder, superlative kindest)

  1. Having a benevolent, courteous, friendly, generous, gentle, liberal, sympathetic, or warm-hearted nature or disposition, marked by consideration for – and service to – others.
  2. Affectionate.
    • 1770, Oliver Goldsmith, The Deserted Village
      Yet was he kind, or if severe in aught, / The love he bore to learning was in fault.
  3. Favorable.
  4. Mild, gentle, forgiving
  5. Gentle; tractable; easily governed.
  6. (obsolete) Characteristic of the species; belonging to one’s nature; natural; native.
    • c. 1385, William Langland, Piers Plowman, I:
      Ȝet haue I no kynde knowing quod I · ȝet mote ȝe kenne me better.
    • it becommeth sweeter than it should be, and loseth the kind tast.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:affectionate
Derived terms
Translations

Further reading

  • Kind in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Anagrams

  • DINK, dink

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch kind, from Middle Dutch kint, from Old Dutch kint, from Proto-Germanic *kindą (offspring), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁tóm.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kənt/

Noun

kind (plural kinders)

  1. child

Anagrams

  • dink

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse kinn, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénu- (cheek). Compare Swedish kind, Norwegian and Icelandic kinn, Low German and German Kinn, Dutch kin, English chin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ken/, [kʰenˀ]

Noun

kind c (singular definite kinden, plural indefinite kinder)

  1. cheek

Inflection


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch kint, from Old Dutch kint, from Proto-West Germanic *kind (offspring), from Proto-Germanic *kindą (offspring), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁tóm (that which is produced, that which is given birth to), related to *ǵn̥h₁tós (produced, given birth), from *ǵenh₁- (to produce, to give birth).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɪnt/
  • Hyphenation: kind
  • Rhymes: -ɪnt

Noun

kind n (plural kinderen or kinders, diminutive kindje n or kindertje n or kindeken n or kindelijn n)

  1. child, kid, non-adult human
  2. first-degree descendant, still a minor or irrespective of age
    In sommige patriarchale tradities blijven kinderen levenslang onvoorwaardelijk onderworpen aan het vaderlijk gezag, zoals aanvankelijk in het Oude Rome, in andere houdt een zoon op kind te zijn door zijn eigen gezin te stichten

    In certain patriarchal traditions, children remain subject to unconditional paternal authority for life, as originally in Ancient Rome, in other ones a son ceases to be a child by founding his own family
    Synonyms: afstammeling, nakomeling, telg
  3. (figuratively) product of influence, breeding etc.

Usage notes

  • The normal plural is kinderen (a double plural combining the endings -er (archaic) and -en, also found in a few other neuter nouns). The form kinders is heard colloquially, often also humorously.
  • In compounds, the word can take the form kinder- or kind- as a tail. The former is used more often, however.
  • The dimunitive kindelijn is now archaic, but can still be found in some fossilized songs and religious texts.

Derived terms

See also

  • dochter
  • zoon
  • blaag

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: kind
  • Jersey Dutch: känt
  • Negerhollands: kind, kint, kin, ken
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: kente, kinte

Icelandic

Etymology

From Old Norse kind, from Proto-Germanic *kinþiz, cognate with Latin gēns (clan, tribe). The sense of “sheep” is derived from the compound sauðkind, literally “sheep-kind”.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /cʰɪnt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪnt

Noun

kind f (genitive singular kindar, nominative plural kindur or kindir)

  1. (obsolete) race, kind, kin
  2. a sheep (especially a ewe)
  3. (dated) used as a term of disparagement for a girl (or woman)

Declension

Standard declension:

Alternative declension, used primarily with “race, kind, kin”:

Synonyms

  • (sheep): rolla, sauðkind

Derived terms

  • kindarlegur
  • mannkind
  • sauðkind

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse kind f, from Proto-Germanic *kinþiz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis. Akin to English kind.

Noun

kind m (definite singular kinden, indefinite plural kindar, definite plural kindane)
kind n (definite singular kindet, indefinite plural kind, definite plural kinda)

  1. a child in a cradle

References

  • “kind” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Norse

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *kinþiz. Compare Latin gēns (clan, tribe).

Noun

kind f (genitive kindar, plural kindir or kindr)

  1. race, kind, kin
  2. creature, being

Declension

Derived terms

  • mannkind
  • sauðkind

Descendants

  • Icelandic: kind f

References

  • kind in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *kind (child).

Noun

kind n

  1. child

Declension



Descendants

  • Middle Low German: kind, kint, kynd
    • Dutch Low Saxon: kind, kiend, keend
    • German Low German: Kind
    • Old Frisian: kind
      • West Frisian: kyn

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse kinn, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénu- (cheek). Compare Danish kind, Norwegian and Icelandic kinn, German Kinn, Dutch kin, English chin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɕɪnd/

Noun

kind c

  1. (anatomy) cheek; a part of the face.

Declension


Zealandic

Etymology

From Middle Dutch kint

Noun

kind n (plural kinders)

  1. child

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