Former vs Late what difference

what is difference between Former and Late

English

Alternative forms

  • fmr / fmr.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɔɹmɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɔːmə/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)mə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English former, comparative of forme (first), from Old English forma (first), descended from Proto-Germanic *frumô. Parallel to prior (via Latin), as comparative form from same Proto-Indo-European root. Related to first and fore (thence before), from Proto-Germanic.

Adjective

former (comparative form only)

  1. Previous.
    • At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. [] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
  2. First of aforementioned two items. Used with the, often without a noun.
Synonyms
  • (previous): erstwhile, sometime, whilom, wont-to-be; see also Thesaurus:former
Antonyms
  • (previous): next; see also Thesaurus:subsequent
  • (first of aforementioned two items): latter
Translations

Etymology 2

form +‎ -er

Noun

former (plural formers)

  1. Someone who forms something; a maker; a creator or founder.
    Dave was the former of the company.
  2. An object used to form something, such as a template, gauge, or cutting die.
    The brick arch was built using a wooden former.
  3. (chiefly Britain, used in combinations) Someone in, or of, a certain form (class).
    Fifth-former.
    Sixth-former.
Derived terms
  • pan former

Anagrams

  • Reform, re-form, reform

Danish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [ˈfɒːmɐ]

Noun

former c

  1. indefinite plural of form

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [ˈfɒːmɐ]

Verb

former

  1. present of forme

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [fʌˈmeɐ̯ˀ]

Verb

former or formér

  1. imperative of formere

French

Etymology

From Old French, borrowed from Latin fōrmō (to form)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔʁ.me/

Verb

former

  1. to form (generic sense)
  2. to shape (to make into a certain shape)
  3. to train; to educate

Conjugation

Related terms

  • formation
  • forme

Further reading

  • “former” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Latin

Verb

fōrmer

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of fōrmō

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

former m or f

  1. indefinite plural of form

Verb

former

  1. present of forme

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

former f

  1. indefinite plural of form

Swedish

Noun

former

  1. indefinite plural of form

Anagrams

  • reform


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /leɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Etymology

From Middle English late, lat, from Old English læt (slow; slack, lax, negligent; late), from Proto-Germanic *lataz (slow, lazy).

Adjective

late (comparative later, superlative latest)

  1. Near the end of a period of time.
  2. Specifically, near the end of the day.
  3. (usually not comparable) Associated with the end of a period.
  4. Not arriving until after an expected time.
  5. Not having had an expected menstrual period.
  6. (not comparable, euphemistic) Deceased, dead: used particularly when speaking of the dead person’s actions while alive. (Often used with “the“; see usage notes.)
  7. Existing or holding some position not long ago, but not now; departed, or gone out of office.
  8. Recent — relative to the noun it modifies.
  9. (astronomy) Of a star or class of stars, cooler than the sun.

Usage notes

  • (deceased): Late in this sense is unusual among English adjectives in that it qualifies named individuals (in phrases like the late Mary) without creating a contrast with another Mary who is not late. Contrast hungry: a phrase like the hungry Mary is usually only used if another Mary is under discussion who is not hungry.

Translations

Noun

late (plural lates)

  1. (informal) A shift (scheduled work period) that takes place late in the day or at night.

Antonyms

  • early

Adverb

late (comparative later, superlative latest)

  1. After a deadline has passed, past a designated time.
  2. Formerly, especially in the context of service in a military unit.
  3. Not long ago; just now.

Synonyms

  • (past a designated time): belatedly; see also Thesaurus:belatedly
  • (formerly): erenow; see also Thesaurus:formerly
  • (not long ago): freshly; see also Thesaurus:recently

Translations

Derived terms

References

  • 2009 April 3, Peter T. Daniels, “Re: Has ‘late’ split up into a pair of homonyms?”, message-ID <bdb13686-a6e4-43cd-8445-efe353365394@l13g2000vba.googlegroups.com>, alt.usage.english and sci.lang, Usenet.

Anagrams

  • EATL, ETLA, Elta, TEAL, TEAl, Teal, et al, et al., leat, tael, tale, teal, tela

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlaːtə/

Adjective

late

  1. Inflected form of laat

Verb

late

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of laten

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈla.te/

Adjective

late

  1. feminine plural of lato

Karelian

Etymology

Akin to Finnish lattia.

Noun

late (genitive lattien, partitive latettu)

  1. floor

Latin

Adverb

lātē (comparative lātius, superlative lātissimē)

  1. broadly, widely
  2. extensively
  3. far and wide, everywhere
  4. lavishly, to excess

Related terms

  • lātus

References

  • late in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • late in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English læt, from Proto-West Germanic *lat.

Alternative forms

  • laite, latte, lete, leate

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /laːt/

Adjective

late

  1. slow, sluggish, reluctant.
Descendants
  • English: late
  • Yola: laate
References
  • “lāt(e, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

From Old English late.

Alternative forms

  • lata, laite, latte, lete, læte, leate

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlaːt(ə)/

Adverb

late

  1. slowly, reluctantly
Descendants
  • English: late
  • Yola: laate
References
  • “lāt(e, adv.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 3

From Old Norse lát (conduct, demeanour, voice, sound, literally let, letting, loss) (from Proto-Germanic *lētiją (behaviour), from Proto-Indo-European *lēid-, *lēy- (to leave, let). Cognate with Middle Low German lāt (outward appearance, gesture, manner), Old English lǣtan (to let). More at let.

Noun

late

  1. Manner; behaviour; outward appearance or aspect.
  2. A sound; voice.
    • c 12751499, King Alexander
      Than have we liking to lithe the lates of the foules.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

Adjective

late

  1. definite singular and plural of lat

Etymology 2

From Old Norse láta

Verb

late (imperative lat, present tense later, passive lates, simple past lot, past participle latt, present participle latende)

  1. to seem, appear
  2. (also late som) to pretend
Derived terms
  • årelate

References

  • “late” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²lɑːtə/

Adjective

late

  1. inflection of lat:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Etymology 2

Verb

late (present tense lèt, past tense lét, past participle late, passive infinitive latast, present participle latande, imperative lat)

  1. Alternative form of la

Etymology 3

From Old Norse láta

Alternative forms

  • lata

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²lɑːtə/

Verb

late (present tense lèt, past tense lét, past participle late, passive infinitive latast, present participle latande, imperative lat)

  1. to seem, appear
  2. (also late som) to pretend
Derived terms
  • årelate

References

  • “late” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Etymology

Adverbial form of læt

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɑ.te/

Adverb

late

  1. late

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈla.t͡ʃi/

Verb

late

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of latir
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of latir

Spanish

Verb

late

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of latir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of latir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of latir.

Swedish

Adjective

late

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of lat.

Anagrams

  • leta

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial