former vs other what difference

what is difference between former and other

English

Alternative forms

  • fmr / fmr.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɔɹmɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɔːmə/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)mə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English former, comparative of forme (first), from Old English forma (first), descended from Proto-Germanic *frumô. Parallel to prior (via Latin), as comparative form from same Proto-Indo-European root. Related to first and fore (thence before), from Proto-Germanic.

Adjective

former (comparative form only)

  1. Previous.
    • At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. [] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
  2. First of aforementioned two items. Used with the, often without a noun.
Synonyms
  • (previous): erstwhile, sometime, whilom, wont-to-be; see also Thesaurus:former
Antonyms
  • (previous): next; see also Thesaurus:subsequent
  • (first of aforementioned two items): latter
Translations

Etymology 2

form +‎ -er

Noun

former (plural formers)

  1. Someone who forms something; a maker; a creator or founder.
    Dave was the former of the company.
  2. An object used to form something, such as a template, gauge, or cutting die.
    The brick arch was built using a wooden former.
  3. (chiefly Britain, used in combinations) Someone in, or of, a certain form (class).
    Fifth-former.
    Sixth-former.
Derived terms
  • pan former

Anagrams

  • Reform, re-form, reform

Danish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [ˈfɒːmɐ]

Noun

former c

  1. indefinite plural of form

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [ˈfɒːmɐ]

Verb

former

  1. present of forme

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [fʌˈmeɐ̯ˀ]

Verb

former or formér

  1. imperative of formere

French

Etymology

From Old French, borrowed from Latin fōrmō (to form)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔʁ.me/

Verb

former

  1. to form (generic sense)
  2. to shape (to make into a certain shape)
  3. to train; to educate

Conjugation

Related terms

  • formation
  • forme

Further reading

  • “former” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Latin

Verb

fōrmer

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of fōrmō

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

former m or f

  1. indefinite plural of form

Verb

former

  1. present of forme

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

former f

  1. indefinite plural of form

Swedish

Noun

former

  1. indefinite plural of form

Anagrams

  • reform


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: ŭth′ər
  • (UK)
    • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈʌðə(ɹ)/, [ˈɐðə(ɹ)]
    • (Northern England) IPA(key): /ʊðə/
  • (US)
    • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈʌðɚ/
  • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈɐðə/, [ˈäðə]
  • Hyphenation: oth‧er
  • Rhymes: -ʌðə(r)

Etymology

From Middle English other, from Old English ōþer (other, second), from Proto-Germanic *anþeraz (other, second), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énteros (other). Cognate with Scots uther, ither (other), Old Frisian ōther, (“other”; > North Frisian üđer, ööder, ouder), Old Saxon ōthar (other), Old High German ander (other), Old Norse annarr, øðr-, aðr- (other, second), Gothic ???????????????????? (anþar, other), Old Prussian anters, antars (other, second), Lithuanian antroks (other, pronoun), Latvian otrs, otrais (second), Albanian ndërroj (to change, switch, alternate), Sanskrit अन्तर (ántara, different), Sanskrit अन्य (anyá, other, different).

Adjective

other (not comparable)

  1. See other (determiner) below.
    Synonyms: additional, another
  2. Second.
    Synonym: alternate
  3. Alien.
    Synonym: foreign
  4. Different.
    Synonyms: disparate, dissimilar, distinctive, distinguishable, diverse; see also Thesaurus:different
    Antonym: same
  5. (obsolete) Left, as opposed to right.

Derived terms

  • otherdom
  • otherhood
  • otherish
  • otherling
  • otherly
  • otherness
  • other rank
  • other side

Translations

Noun

other (plural others)

  1. An other, another (person, etc), more often rendered as another.
  2. The other one; the second of two.
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.

Derived terms

  • others

Translations

Determiner

other

  1. Not the one or ones previously referred to.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:other.

Antonyms

  • same

Derived terms

  • this, that, and the other

Translations

Adverb

other (not comparable)

  1. Apart from; in the phrase “other than”.
  2. (obsolete) Otherwise.

Related terms

  • another
  • otherwise

Translations

Verb

other (third-person singular simple present others, present participle othering, simple past and past participle othered)

  1. (transitive) To regard, label, or treat as an “other”, as not part of the same group; to view as different and alien.
  2. (transitive) To treat as different or separate; segregate; ostracise.
    • 2007, Christopher Emdin, City University of New York. Urban Education, Exploring the contexts of urban science classrooms:
      In this scenario, the young lady who had spoken had been othered by her peers and her response to my question had been dismissed as invalid despite the fact that she was alright.

Derived terms

  • otherer
  • othering
  • otherize
  • otherization

Anagrams

  • Rothe, heort-, hetro, rothe, thero-, threo-, throe

Middle English

Etymology

From Old English ōþer. Compare German oder.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈoðər/, /ˈoːðər/

Conjunction

other

  1. or; synonym of or

Determiner

other

  1. other

Descendants

  • English: other
  • Yola: ooree, oree

References

  • “ọ̄̆ther, pron.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Old Frisian

Alternative forms

  • ōr (Old West Frisian)

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *anþar, from Proto-Germanic *anþeraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énteros. Cognates include Old English ōþer, Old Saxon ōthar and Old Dutch andar.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈoːðer/

Adjective

ōther

  1. other
  2. second

Descendants

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum: öler
    Hallig: öör
    Helgoland: uur
    Mooring: ouder
    Sylt: üđer
  • Saterland Frisian: uur, our
  • West Frisian: oar

References

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

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