formerly vs once what difference

what is difference between formerly and once

English

Etymology

former +‎ -ly

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɔɹmɚli/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɔːməli/
    • It may sometimes be overly enunciated like /ˈfɔːmərli/ to stop listeners from confusing it with formally.
  • Homophone: formally (nonrhotic accents)

Adverb

formerly (not comparable)

  1. at some time in the past
  2. previously; once

Translations



English

Etymology

From Middle English ones (genitive of on (one) used adverbally), from Old English ānes (of one), genitive of ān (one). Compare Old Saxon ēnes (once), Old High German einēst (once) (German einst). More at one (including regarding the development of the pronunciation) and -s.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: wŭn(t)s, IPA(key): /wʌn(t)s/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /wʌn(t)s/, /wɒn(t)s/
  • (US) IPA(key): /wʌn(t)s/
  • Rhymes: -ʌns

Adverb

once (not comparable)

  1. (frequency) One and only one time.
  2. (temporal location) Formerly; during some period in the past.
  3. (mathematics) Multiplied by one: indicating that a number is multiplied by one.
  4. (obsolete) at any time; ever;
    • The wisdom of God thought fit to acquaint David with that court which we shall once govern.
    If the facts once became known, we’d be in trouble.

Synonyms

  • (one time): See Thesaurus:once
  • (formerly): See Thesaurus:formerly

Coordinate terms

  • (one time): twice, thrice, often, never, seldom
  • (formerly): yesterday, tomorrow

Derived terms

  • Christmas comes but once a year
  • once-in-a-lifetime

Translations

See also

  • at once
  • once again, once more
  • once and for all
  • once in a blue moon
  • once in a while
  • once removed
  • once upon a time

Conjunction

once

  1. As soon as; when; after.
    We’ll get a move on once we find the damn car keys!
    Once you have obtained the elven bow, return to the troll bridge and trade it for the sleeping potion.
    Once he is married, he will be able to claim the inheritance.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Coen, Cone, Econ., Noce, ceno-, coen-, cone, cœn-, econ, econ.

Aragonese

Alternative forms

  • onze

Etymology

From Latin ūndecim.

Numeral

once

  1. eleven

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin ūndecim.

Numeral

once (indeclinable)

  1. eleven

Derived terms

  • oncenu

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔ̃s/

Etymology 1

From Latin uncia.

Noun

once f (plural onces)

  1. ounce (avoirdupois ounce)
  2. (figuratively, by extension) a little bit

Etymology 2

From Old French lonce which became l’once (la + once), itself from Vulgar Latin *luncea, from Latin lynx, ultimately from Ancient Greek λύγξ (lúnx), or possibly borrowed from Italian lonza.

Noun

once f (plural onces)

  1. snow leopard

Anagrams

  • cône, noce

Further reading

  • “once” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin uncia.

Noun

once f (plural oncis)

  1. ounce

Galician

Etymology

From Old Portuguese onze, from Latin ūndecim.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /onθɪ/

Numeral

once (indeclinable)

  1. eleven

Italian

Noun

once f

  1. plural of oncia

Anagrams

  • Ceno, Noce, ceno, ceno-, cenò, noce, ocne

Middle English

Adverb

once

  1. Alternative form of ones

Spanish

Alternative forms

  • onze (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈonθe/, [ˈõn̟.θe]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈonse/, [ˈõn.se]

Etymology 1

From Old Spanish onze, ondze, from Latin ūndecim.

Numeral

once

  1. eleven
Derived terms
  • onceno
Descendants
  • Cebuano: onse
  • Tagalog: onse

Etymology 2

Snacks were typically taken at 11 am.

Noun

once f (plural onces)

  1. (Latin America) elevenses, snack (bread with tea or coffee)

Further reading

  • “once” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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