forth vs off what difference

what is difference between forth and off

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fɔːθ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fɔɹθ/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /fo(ː)ɹθ/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /foəθ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)θ
  • Homophone: fourth

Etymology 1

From Middle English forth, from Old English forþ, from Proto-Germanic *furþą, from Proto-Indo-European *pŕ̥-to-, from *per-. Cognate with Dutch voort. See also ford.

Adverb

forth (not comparable)

  1. Forward in time, place or degree.
    • From this time forth, I never will speak word.
    • 1709-1725, John Strype, Annals of the Reformation in England
      say forth
  2. Out into view; from a particular place or position.
  3. (obsolete) Beyond a (certain) boundary; away; abroad; out.
Synonyms
  • fromward
Derived terms
  • forth-
Translations

Preposition

forth

  1. (obsolete) Forth from; out of.
    • a. 1631, John Donne, The Storme
      Some forth their cabins peepe.

Etymology 2

From fourth; compare forty.

Adjective

forth

  1. Misspelling of fourth.

Noun

forth

  1. Misspelling of fourth.

Anagrams

  • froth

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

  • forð

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *furþą, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥to-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɔrθ/

Adverb

forth

  1. forwards, forth; onward

Preposition

forth

  1. forward to, up to

Descendants

  • Middle Low German: fort, vort
    • Danish: fort
    • Norwegian: fort
    • Swedish: fort


English

Alternative forms

  • offn

Etymology

From Middle English of, from Old English of, af, æf (from, off, away), from Proto-West Germanic *ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab (from), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo (from, off, back). Doublet of of.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɒf/
  • (Conservative RP) IPA(key): /ɔːf/
  • (General American) enPR: ŏf, IPA(key): /ɔf/
  • (cotcaught merger, Canada) IPA(key): /ɑf/
  • Rhymes: -ɒf
  • Rhymes: -ɔːf

Adverb

off (not comparable)

  1. In a direction away from the speaker or object.
    • So this was my future home, I thought! [] Backed by towering hills, the but faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one’s dreams.
  2. Into a state of non-operation or non-existence.
  3. So as to remove or separate, or be removed or separated.
  4. (theater) Offstage.
    noises off
  5. Used in various other ways specific to individual idiomatic phrases, e.g. bring off, show off, put off, tell off, etc. See the entry for the individual phrase.

Usage notes

  • off is used as an adverbial particle in a number of phrasal verbs (shake off, show off, switch off, take off, and so forth). This is not to be confused with prepositional use (e.g. jump off the table, keep off the grass; see below).

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

off (comparative more off, superlative most off)

  1. Inoperative, disabled.
    Antonym: on
  2. Cancelled; not happening.
    The party’s off because the hostess is sick.
  3. Not fitted; not being worn.
    Your feet will feel better once those tight boots are off.
    The drink spilled out of the bottle because the top was off.
  4. Rancid, rotten, gone bad.
    Antonym: fresh
  5. (by extension, Australia, slang) Disgusting, repulsive, abhorrent.
  6. Less than normal, in temperament or in result.
  7. Inappropriate; untoward.
    I felt that his comments were a bit off.
  8. (in phrases such as ‘well off’, ‘poorly off’, etc., and in ‘how?’ questions) Circumstanced.
    Our family used to be well off; now we’re very badly off.
    How are you off for milk? Shall I get you some more from the shop?
  9. Started on the way.
    • 1922 , James Joyce, Ulysses, chapter V:[1]
      —Hello, Bloom. Where are you off to?
      —Hello, M’Coy. Nowhere in particular.
  10. Far; off to the side.
    • 1937, Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God, Harper Perennial (2000), p.151:
      He came in, took a look and squinched down into a chair in an off corner and didn’t open his mouth.
  11. Designating a time when one is not strictly attentive to business or affairs, or is absent from a post, and, hence, a time when affairs are not urgent.
  12. (in phrases such as ‘off day’) Designating a time when one is not performing to the best of one’s abilities.
  13. (of a dish on a menu) Presently unavailable.
    I’ll have the chicken please.
    Sorry, chicken’s off today.
  14. (Britain, in relation to a vehicle) On the side furthest from the kerb (the right-hand side if one drives on the left).
    • 1963, Jack Schaefer: Monte Walsh, page 174:
      The man and the horse came closer and were Sonny Jacobs of the Diamond Six and a smallish neat sorrel definitely favouring its off forefoot.
    The off front wheel came loose.
    Antonym: near
  15. (cricket) In, or towards the half of the field away from the batsman’s legs; the right side for a right-handed batsman.
    Antonyms: on, leg

Derived terms

Translations

Preposition

off

  1. Not positioned upon, or away from a position upon.
  2. Detached, separated, excluded or disconnected from; away from a position of attachment or connection to.
  3. Used to indicate the location or direction of one thing relative to another, implying adjacency or accessibility via.
  4. Used to express location at sea relative to land or mainland.
  5. Removed or subtracted from.
  6. No longer wanting or taking.
  7. (colloquial, more properly ‘from’) Out of the possession of.
  8. Placed after a number (of products or parts, as if a unit), in commerce or engineering.
    Tantalum bar 6 off 3/8″ Dia × 12″ — Atom, Great Britain Atomic Energy Authority, 1972
    samples submitted … 12 off Thermistors type 1K3A531 … — BSI test report for shock and vibration testing, 2000

Antonyms

  • on

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

off (third-person singular simple present offs, present participle offing, simple past and past participle offed)

  1. (transitive, slang) To kill.
  2. (transitive, Singapore, Philippines) To switch off.

Translations

Noun

off (uncountable)

  1. (usually in phrases such as ‘from the off’, ‘at the off’, etc.) Beginning; starting point.

Further reading

  • off at OneLook Dictionary Search

References

  • off on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • FFO

Central Franconian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔf/

Etymology 1

From Middle High German ofte, chiefly through German oft, both from Old High German ofta, from Proto-Germanic *ufta.

Adverb

off (comparative öfter, superlative et öffste)

  1. (Ripuarian) often
    Synonyms: deck, (obsolete in some places, dated in others) decks
Alternative forms
  • oft (Moselle Franconian)

Etymology 2

Conjunction

off

  1. Alternative spelling of ov

Spanish

Etymology

From English off.

Adjective

off (invariable)

  1. off-screen
  2. (theater) off-Broadway; minor-league; small-time

Derived terms

  • en off
  • voz en off

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