fortunate vs golden what difference

what is difference between fortunate and golden

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin fortunatus.

Morphologically fortune +‎ -ate.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɔːt͡ʃənɪt/, /ˈfɔːt͡ʃənət/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɔɹt͡ʃənɪt/, /ˈfɔɹt͡ʃnɪt/
  • (General American, weak-vowel merger) IPA(key): [ˈfoɹt͡ʃənətʰ], [ˈfoɹt͡ʃnətʰ]
  • Hyphenation: for‧tu‧nate

Adjective

fortunate (comparative more fortunate, superlative most fortunate)

  1. Auspicious.
    It is a fortunate sign if the sun shines on a newly wedded couple.
  2. Happening by good luck or favorable chance.
    Patrick was the unlikely match-winner as Berkeley earned a fortunate victory over Chisolm.
  3. Favored by fortune.
    This is a time when we think of those less fortunate than ourselves.

Synonyms

  • (auspicious): rosy; see also Thesaurus:auspicious
  • (happening by favorable chance): lucky; see also Thesaurus:lucky
  • (favored by fortune): privileged, successful; see also Thesaurus:prosperous

Antonyms

  • unlucky
  • unfortunate

Derived terms

  • unfortunately
  • fortunately

Translations

See also

  • unluckily
  • luckily

References

  • fortunate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • fortunate at OneLook Dictionary Search

Italian

Adjective

fortunate

  1. feminine plural of fortunato

Latin

Etymology

From fortūnātus (fortunate, prosperous)

Adverb

fortūnātē (comparative fortūnātius, superlative fortūnātissimē)

  1. prosperously, fortunately

Related terms

  • fortūnātus
  • fortūnō

References

  • fortunate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fortunate in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fortunate in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, 1st edition. (Oxford University Press)


English

Alternative forms

  • goulden (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡəʊl.dən/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡoʊl.dən/, [ˈɡəl.dən]
  • Rhymes: -əʊldən
  • Hyphenation: gol‧den

Etymology 1

From Middle English golden, a restored form (due to the noun gold) of earlier Middle English gulden, gylden, gilden (golden), from Old English gylden (golden), from Proto-Germanic *gulþīnaz (golden, made of gold), equivalent to gold +‎ -en. Cognate with Dutch gouden, gulden (golden), German gülden, golden (golden), Danish gylden (golden). More at gold.

Adjective

golden (comparative more golden or goldener, superlative most golden or goldenest)

  1. Made of, or relating to, gold.
    She wore a golden crown.
  2. Having a colour or other richness suggestive of gold.
    Under a golden sun.
  3. Of a beverage, flavoured or colored with turmeric. [from c. 2010]
  4. Marked by prosperity, creativity etc.
    The Renaissance was a golden era.
    the Golden Horseshoe
    • O Partridge! could I hope once again to see that face; but, alas! all those golden dreams are vanished for ever, and my only refuge from future misery is to forget the object of all my former happiness.
  5. Advantageous or very favourable.
    This is a golden opportunity
    • … a seasoned Champions League outfit, who beat Barcelona at the Nou Camp in 2009-10 and continually worked their way between the home defence to create some golden opportunities.
  6. Relating to a fiftieth anniversary.
    It’s not long until our golden wedding.
  7. Relating to the elderly or retired.
    After retiring, Bob and Judy moved to Arizona to live out their golden years.
  8. (Britain, slang) Fine, without problems.
    • 2007, Colin Barr, Steve Katai, The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Triathlon Training, Penguin →ISBN, page 28
      Many anti-fog variety goggles are available, but if you don’t get that type, just rub a little spit on the lenses before you put them on in the water and you’ll be golden.
    • 2009, Mark Wiskup, Presentation S.O.S.: From Perspiration to Persuasion in 9 Easy Steps, Hachette UK →ISBN
      Therefore, the task ahead is easy. When the spotlight is on you, never let the audience down and you’ll be golden.
    • 2011, Wayne R. Dempsey, 101 Projects for Your Porsche Boxster, Motorbooks →ISBN, page 68
      If all of the marks line up perfectly, then you’re golden, and you can continue on with finishing up the installation.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

golden (plural goldens)

  1. Kyphosus vaigiensis, a fish found in southeast Asia.

Etymology 2

From gold +‎ -en, or perhaps a derivation from the adjective above.

Verb

golden (third-person singular simple present goldens, present participle goldening, simple past and past participle goldened)

  1. (intransitive) To become gold or golden (in colour).
  2. (transitive) To make golden or like gold.
    • 1994, Marion H. Hedges, Iron City:
      It goldened, as nothing else goldened, the commonplace countryside.
Translations

Anagrams

  • Delong, dongle, longed

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɔldən

Verb

golden

  1. plural past indicative and subjunctive of gelden

Anagrams

  • dongel, gondel

German

Alternative forms

  • gülden (archaic, poetic)
  • gulden, gölden (obsolete)

Etymology

Common since the 18th century. Alteration (after Gold (gold)) of older gulden, gülden, from Middle High German guldīn, güldīn, from Old High German guldīn, from Proto-Germanic *gulþīnaz. Equivalent to Gold +‎ -en. Cognate with Dutch gulden, gouden, English golden.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɔldən/
  • Hyphenation: gol‧den

Adjective

golden (comparative goldener, superlative am goldensten)

  1. golden; gold (made of gold)
  2. golden (gold-coloured)

Declension

Synonyms

  • (in predicative use) aus Gold
  • (in attributive use) Gold-

Derived terms

  • Goldener Schnitt
  • Goldene Zahl
  • goldenes Herz
  • Gulden

See also

Further reading

  • “golden” in Duden online
  • “golden” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • goldene, goldyn, goldin, goldun, goldyng, goldein, gowuldyn, colden, coldin

Etymology

From gilden, reformed by analogy with gold.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɔːldən/

Adjective

golden

  1. Formed from gold.
  2. Decorated or covered with gold.
  3. Having a golden colour.
  4. (figurative) Of excellent quality or worth; precious, best.

Descendants

  • English: golden
  • Scots: gowden

See also

  • gilden

References

  • “gōlden, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 27 April 2018.

Plautdietsch

Adjective

golden

  1. golden

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