foster vs surrogate what difference

what is difference between foster and surrogate

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɒstə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɔstɚ/
  • (Canada, cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /ˈfɑstɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɒstə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English foster, from Old English fōstor (food, sustenance), from Proto-Germanic *fōstrą (nourishment, food). Cognate with Middle Dutch voester (nursemaid), Middle Low German vôster (food), Old Norse fóstr (nurturing, education, alimony, child support), Danish foster (fetus), Swedish foster (fetus).

Adjective

foster (not comparable)

  1. Providing parental care to children not related to oneself.
    foster parents
  2. Receiving such care.
    a foster child
  3. Related by such care.
    We are a foster family.
Translations

Noun

foster (countable and uncountable, plural fosters)

  1. (countable, informal) A foster parent.
    Some fosters end up adopting.
  2. (uncountable) The care given to another; guardianship.

Verb

foster (third-person singular simple present fosters, present participle fostering, simple past and past participle fostered)

  1. (transitive) To nurture or bring up offspring, or to provide similar parental care to an unrelated child.
  2. (transitive) To cultivate and grow something.
  3. (transitive) To nurse or cherish something.
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To be nurtured or trained up together.
Antonyms
  • (cultivate and grow): hinder
Derived terms
Usage notes

Modern English makes a distinction between fostering (which is implied to be temporary or informal) and adopting (which is permanent and makes the child legally recognized as part of the family). In older usage the two terms were more interchangeable.

Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

foster (plural fosters)

  1. (obsolete) A forester.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)

Anagrams

  • Forest, Forets, Fortes, fetors, forest, forset, fortes, fortés, froste, softer

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse fóstr (rear, raise)

Noun

foster n (singular definite fostret or fosteret, plural indefinite fostre)

  1. fetus

Inflection


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse fóstr

Noun

foster n (definite singular fosteret or fostret, indefinite plural foster or fostre, definite plural fostra or fostrene)

  1. (biology) a fetus or foetus

Derived terms

  • fostervann

Related terms

  • embryo

References

  • “foster” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse fóstr

Noun

foster n (definite singular fosteret, indefinite plural foster, definite plural fostera)

  1. (biology) a fetus or foetus

Related terms

  • embryo

References

  • “foster” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Alternative forms

  • fēster, fōstor, fōstur

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *fōstrą, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfoːs.ter/

Noun

fōster n

  1. fostering, nourishing, rearing, feeding
  2. food, nourishment, provisions

Declension

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Middle English: foster
    • English: foster

References

  • Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898), “fōster”, in An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse fóstr (rear, raise)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʊstɛr/

Noun

foster n

  1. fetus

Declension

Related terms

  • fosterbror
  • fosterfördrivning
  • fosterhem
  • fostersyster
  • fostra


English

Etymology

From Latin surrogātus, perfect passive participle of surrogāre (ask); a variant of subrogāre, from sub (under) + rogāre (ask).

Pronunciation

Adjective and noun:

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsʌɹəɡɪt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsɝəɡɪt/

Verb:

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsʌɹəɡeɪt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsɝəɡeɪt/

Noun

surrogate (plural surrogates)

  1. A substitute (usually of a person, position or role).
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:substitute
  2. A person or animal that acts as a substitute for the social or pastoral role of another, such as a surrogate parent.
  3. (chiefly Britain) A deputy for a bishop in granting licences for marriage.
  4. (US, politics) A politician or person of influence campaigning for a presidential candidate.
  5. (US law) A judicial officer of limited jurisdiction, who administers matters of probate and intestate succession and, in some cases, adoptions.
  6. (computing) Any of a range of Unicode codepoints which are used in pairs in UTF-16 to represent characters beyond the Basic Multilingual Plane.
  7. (economics) An ersatz good.
  8. (databases) Ellipsis of surrogate key.

Hyponyms

(Unicode codepoint):

  • high surrogate
  • low surrogate

Derived terms

Translations

Descendants

  • Dutch: surrogaat

Adjective

surrogate (comparative more surrogate, superlative most surrogate)

  1. Of, concerning, relating to or acting as a substitute.

Translations

Verb

surrogate (third-person singular simple present surrogates, present participle surrogating, simple past and past participle surrogated)

  1. (transitive) To replace or substitute something with something else; to appoint a successor.
    Synonyms: deputize, foster, replace, subrogate, substitute

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • surrogatum

Anagrams

  • outragers

Italian

Adjective

surrogate f

  1. feminine plural of surrogato

Latin

Verb

surrogāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of surrogō

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