foundation vs fundament what difference

what is difference between foundation and fundament

English

Etymology

From Latin fundātiō.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /faʊnˈdeɪʃən/, [faʊ̯nˈdeɪ̯ʃn̩]
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

foundation (countable and uncountable, plural foundations)

  1. The act of founding, fixing, establishing, or beginning to erect.
    Synonym: establishment
    Antonyms: abolition, dissolution, ruination
  2. That upon which anything is founded; that on which anything stands, and by which it is supported; the lowest and supporting layer of a superstructure; underbuilding.
    Synonyms: groundwork, basis
  3. (figuratively) The result of the work to begin something; that which stabilizes and allows an enterprise or system to develop.
    Synonyms: groundwork, platform, stage
    • 2006, K P Yadav, Economic Planning And Restructuring, Sarup & Sons →ISBN, page 44
      The implication is that the Gandhian model of growth is possible, now that Nehru’s investment strategy had already laid a strong foundation for economic growth.
  4. (card games) In solitaire or patience games, one of the piles of cards that the player attempts to build, usually holding all cards of a suit in ascending order.
  5. (architecture) The lowest and supporting part or member of a wall, including the base course and footing courses; in a frame house, the whole substructure of masonry.
    Synonyms: base, groundwall
  6. A donation or legacy appropriated to support a charitable institution, and constituting a permanent fund; endowment.
  7. That which is founded, or established by endowment; an endowed institution or charity.
  8. (cosmetics) Cosmetic cream roughly skin-colored, designed to make the face appear uniform in color and texture.
  9. A basis for social bodies or intellectual disciplines.

Derived terms

Translations

Further reading

  • foundation on Wikipedia.Wikipedia


English

Etymology

From Middle English, from Old French fundement, fondement, from Latin fundāmentum (foundation), from fundō (I lay the bottom, I found). Doublet of fondamento.

Noun

fundament (plural fundaments)

  1. Foundation.
  2. (humorous) The bottom; the buttocks or anus.
    • 1703, Thomas Gibson, The anatomy of humane bodies epitomized:
      It [the Sphincter Ani] serves to purse up the Fundament, and so hinders the involuntary Evacuation of the Fæces.
    • 1861, Aristotle (pseud.), Aristotle’s Works: containing directions for midwives, and counsel and advice to child-bearing women with various useful remedies., page 119
      ANOTHER defect that new-born infants are liable to is, to have their fundaments closed up; by which they can never evacuate the new excrements engendered by the milk they suck []
    • 1864, Alfred Fennings, Fennings’ everybody’s doctor; or, When ill, how to get well, page 9
      Bathe the parts frequently with cold water, and, if there be much pain at stool, always squirt up the fundament, beforehand, with a syringe, half a teacupful of cold water.
    • 2008, Eric Summers, Ride Me Cowboy: Erotic Tales of the West, page 38[1]:
      I flinched when he touched my rosebud, but pretty soon I was fucking his mouth like it was Hector’s fundament.
  3. The underlying basis or principle for a theoretical or mathematical system.

Related terms

  • fundamental

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch fondament, from Old French fundement, fondement, from Latin fundamentum (foundation), from fundō (I lay the bottom, I found).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌfʏn.daːˌmɛnt/
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧ment
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun

fundament n (plural fundamenten, diminutive fundamentje n)

  1. basis
  2. foundation, basis
    Synonym: fundering

Related terms

  • fundamenteel

Descendants

  • Negerhollands: fondament
  • Indonesian: fundamen
  • Papiamentu: fondement

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin fundamentum

Noun

fundament n (definite singular fundamentet, indefinite plural fundament or fundamenter, definite plural fundamenta or fundamentene)

  1. a foundation

Related terms

  • fundamental

References

  • “fundament” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin fundamentum

Noun

fundament n (definite singular fundamentet, indefinite plural fundament, definite plural fundamenta)

  1. a foundation

Related terms

  • fundamental

References

  • “fundament” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /funˈda.mɛnt/

Noun

fundament m inan

  1. foundation (lowest and supporting part or member of a wall)

Declension


Romanian

Etymology

From French fondement

Noun

fundament n (plural fundamente)

  1. foundation

Declension


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